College of Optometry

Entry Level Practice Standards

 

BEFORE GRADUATION EACH STUDENT WILL EFFECTIVELY UTILIZE AND DEMONSTRATE A WORKING KNOWLEDGE IN PATIENT CARE WITHIN EACH OF THE FOLLOIWNG AREAS:

  • The faculty has approved the following optometric Entry-level Standards:

    Doctors of Optometry must have an established knowledge of the basic and clinical sciences in order to provide quality eye and vision care to their patients.  The academic foundation must be broad and include the biological, medical, vision and optical sciences, as well as a basic understanding of the health care delivery system.  A doctor of Optometry must recognize the dynamic nature of knowledge and possess the commitment and skills needed to responsibly assess and apply new information and treatment strategies throughout their career. 

    The UMSL College of Optometry shall ensure that before graduation each student will effectively utilize and demonstrate a working knowledge in patient care with each of the following areas:

    OPTOMETRIC KNOWLEDGE

    1.     basic body systems, with special emphasis on the ocular and visual system and their interrelationship to the body as a whole;

    2.     the impact of genes and their interaction with behavior, diet and the environment on human health;

    3.     the various processes and causes that lead to the dysfunction and disease and the effect that these processes can have on the body and its major organ systems, with special emphasis on the ocular and visual systems;

    4.     the mechanisms of actions of the various classes of pharmaceutical agents, including injectable agents, their interactions;

    5.     the structures and processes contributing to the development of refractive error and other optical or perceptual abnormalities of the visual system;

    6.     the use of ophthalmic lasers in the management of refractive error and other anomalies of the eye;

    7.     the optics of the eye and ophthalmic lens systems (including spectacles, contact lenses, and low vision devices);

    PATIENT CARE

    8.     ophthalmic lens systems used to correct refractive, oculomotor and other vision disorders;

    9.     visual development and vision function with respect to deviation and enhancement of conditions such as, but not limited to, strabismus, amblyopia, ocular motility, accommodation, vergence and visual perception;

    10.   vision therapy and other rehabilitative methods used for the management of common visual disorders;

    11.   the psychosocial dynamics of the doctor/patient relationship;

    12.   the detection, diagnosis, treatment and management of ocular disease and ocular manifestations of systemic disease and to recognize adverse reactions;

    13.   the safe and effective use of pharmaceutical agents for the treatment of disease and conditions affecting the eye and visual system;

    14.   the concepts of refractive surgery and its management;

    15.   basic life support skills for prevention and response to life-threatening emergencies;

    COMMUNICATION

    16.   the critical elements of verbal and written communications with patients and other health care professionals;

    17.   the need for clear, accurate and appropriate documentation of patient encounters;

    PROFESSIONALISM

    18.   the need for a commitment to uphold the ethical obligations of the Optometric Oath;

    19.   the provisions to guarantee patient privacy and medical record security as expressed by HIPPA regulations;

    20.   the manner in which people of diverse cultures and belief systems perceive human health and illness and respond to various symptoms, diseases and treatments;

     

    SYSTEM-BASED PRACTICE

    21.   the practice management structure and strategies as they pertain to various practice settings;

    22.   the broad-based, multidisciplinary nature of the health care delivery system;

    23.   the roll of the optometrist as a primary health care provider;

    PRACTICE-BASED LEARNING

    24.   the conscientious use of current best practices in patient care decision making;

    25.   the necessity for a commitment to lifelong learning;

    26.   The information management and technology used in the delivery of eye and health care.

    2001 College of Optometry

    Revised 2001, 2010 and 2011