Committent to Excellence


Associate Professor of Optometry

Assistant Dean for Clinical Programs

Pediatric Optometry (OPT 567)

 Binocular Vision Anomalies (OPT 540)

Clinical Optometry III (OPT 531)

"In Florence soccer was called calcio as it still is throughout Italy. Leonardo da Vinci was a fervant fan and Machiavelli loved to play. It was played in sides of 27 men split into three lines...matches were held in the largest piazze and on the frozen waters of the the Vatican, Popes Clement VII, Leo IX and Urban VIII used to roll up their vestments to play calcio."

Eduardo Galeano, Soccer in sun and shadow

School of Optometry documents

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Center for Eye Care HIPAA homepage

Diagrammatic Representation of Vision (it's cute)

Skeffington scholarship

Though a form of football in Italy had existed in Florence in the Renaissance era, the modern game of football was imported to Italy from Britain in 1897. The game first took root in Turin and spread quickly to Milan and Genoa.

The first club to be formed was Football club Internazionale in Turin (which later merged with FC Torinese to form Torino Calcio). Sport club Juventus (later Juventus FC) was founded in 1897, while the Genoa Cricket and Football Club – the dominant force in early Italian football – was formed in 1893, hence the club’s current name of Genoa 1893.

Eventually, these clubs required an organisational framework, and the Federazione Italiana Football was founded in March 1898 in Turin, with Mario Vicary as its first President. In 1909, it assumed its present name of Federazione Italiana Giuoco Calcio (FIGC).

The first national championship took place in 1809, and was played in just one day in Turin and won by Genoa. However, the championship was organised on a regional basis until 1929/30. Genoa dominated the early years of the championship – winning six of the first seven titles.

The changing regional basis of the championship also extended to the FIGC. Initially based in Turin, its headquarters moved to Milan in 1905, back to Turin in 1911, to Bologna in 1926 and three years later to Rome, its current base.

Fully 12 years after the governing body was formed, Italy played their first full international match. On 15 May, 1910 at the Arena stadium in Milan, Italy defeated France 6-2. Just 10 days later, however, they were brought down to earth by a 6-1 defeat to Hungary in Budapest.

Nonetheless, Italy soon emerged as one of the dominant and traditional powers in the European game.

Fun Stuff


"The disparity between the opulence of his surroundings and the paltriness of the brainpower housed therein beggared the imagination." Michael Hiltzik, Dealers of Lightning

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ha reveduto ultimo : Sabato, 19 aprile 2003