College of Education

The University of Missouri-St. Louis, through the College of Education, is accredited by the National Council for Accreditation of Teacher Education for the preparation of early childhood, elementary and secondary school teachers and school service personnel.

Course Designations in the College of Education 
The following abbreviations are used to indicate instructional areas in the course listings and descriptions in the College of Education.

Adult Education Courses (Adu Ed)
Counselor Education Courses (Cns Ed)
Early Childhood Education Courses (Ech Ed)
Educational Administration Courses (Ed Adm)
Educational Foundations Courses (Ed Fnd)
Educational Psychology Courses (Ed Psy)
Educational Research and Evaluation Methods Courses (Ed Rem)
Educational Technology Courses (Ed Tec)
Elementary Education Courses (Ele Ed)
Higher Education (Hir Ed)
Physical Education Courses (Phy Ed)
School-Wide Education Courses (Educ)
Secondary Education Courses (Sec Ed)
Special Education Courses (Spc Ed)
Teacher Education Courses (Tch Ed)

Teacher Education

Degrees and Areas of Concentration
The College of Education offers certification programs leading to the B.S. in education with specialization in any of the following: early childhood education, elementary education, special education, physical education, and secondary education. Courses are also available for those seeking certification for middle school music and art.  In cooperation with other schools and colleges of the university, the College of Education provides a program for students pursuing other degrees and also planning for a teaching career in secondary education. 

General Education Requirements
Students in the College of Education must meet university and departmental general education requirements specified for their degrees. 

Academic Residence
Students must be in residence for 30 of the last 30 semester hours of credit. Courses graded on a satisfactory/ unsatisfactory basis are not accepted within these last 30 semester credit hours. This residency requirement applies to students seeking a degree or teacher certification.

Education Majors
Professional education courses must be completed with a grade point average of 2.5 and no grade lower than a C (2.0). A C- grade is not acceptable.

Admission to the College of Education
Any students who designate education degree programs as their intended degree paths will have Education as their assigned academic unit.  Students admitted to the College of Education must also be admitted to the Teacher Education Program. 

Application and Admission to the Teacher Education Program All students (pre- and post-degree) who wish to become teachers must be admitted to the Teacher Education Program regardless of the college in which they are enrolled. The admission program requires student action at the following levels. 

Applications to the Teacher Education Program are processed through the undergraduate Teacher Education Office. Eligibility is based upon fulfillment of the following requirements:

  • Submission of qualifying scores on C-BASE in areas of English, writing, mathematics, science and social studies, as mandated by the Missouri Excellence in Education Act of 1985.  Consult the undergraduate education office, College of Education, for test descriptions, cost, required scores, dates of administration, retest policies, etc. Acceptable C-BASE scores are required in addition to acceptable ACT or SAT scores. (C-BASE not applicable to students with a bachelor’s degree. Graduates of the general studies program in the UM-St. Louis Evening College, however, must take the C-BASE).
  • Scores of either 20 on the ACT Composite (18, when taken prior to 11-1-89) or 800 on the SAT (verbal plus math)*.
  • Completion of 60 hours of college or university courses (at UM-St. Louis or another accredited school).
  • A grade point average of 2.5 or better.
  • Completion of level one courses, or the equivalent, with a grade of C or better.
  • Agreement to subscribe to a standard of preprofessional behavior.  (This standard is available in the undergraduate education office.)
  • Submission of  a criminal record check and child abuse/neglect screening.

 General Information

* Policy for Students Scoring Below ACT and SAT Qualifying Requirements
Students who do not achieve satisfactory scores of 20 on the ACT or 800 on the SAT may retake the test(s) until the requirement is met.  Students with a documented disabling condition, preventing valid test administration of the ACT or SAT, may be evaluated for basic educational competencies through appropriate testing instruments and/or procedures designated and approved by the Dean of the College of Education. 

Students who do not meet the initial ACT or SAT qualifying scores may seek assistance in upgrading basic competencies through contact with one or more of the following University of Missouri-St. Louis services:

Center for Academic Development; Women's Center; Counseling Service; Veteran Affairs Office; Video Instructional Program; Horizons (Peer Counseling Center). 

In addition, assistance may be available through correspondence courses, University of Missouri-Columbia. Copies of this policy are available in the office of teacher education.

Application to the Student Teaching Program
The application for student teaching is a two-part process which begins two semesters before the semester in which the student plans to do student teaching.

Deadlines   Pre-application  (60 Hour Form)   Formal Application
Fall Student  Teaching

1st week in September of previous year *  

lst week in September of previous year 
Winter Student Teaching  lst week in December of previous year * lst week in December of   previous year

*Check student teaching bulletin board in Marillac Hall for exact date.

Step I Preapplication: Students must submit both of the following items to the office of teacher education, Room 155, Marillac Hall:

  • Proof of formal acceptance to the teacher education program (approved 60 hour form), required of both pre- and post degree students. Students will then sign an application list and receive a ticket to attend the formal application meetings which will be held at the beginning of the semester.

Step II Formal Application: Students:

  • Must attend one of three formal application meetings offered at the beginning of each semester to receive application materials. Dates and times will be posted on the student teaching bulletin board in Marillac Hall.
  • Will be admitted to the meetings by ticket only.
  • Will complete and return applications within two weeks after the meetings to the office of teacher education, 155 Marillac Hall. Applications will not be accepted after the deadline.

Upon receipt, formal applications for both pre- and post degree students are checked to ensure they have met the following requirements:

  • Full admission to the teacher education program for both pre- and post degree students.
  • Completion of 90 hours of approved course work at the time of application.
  • A cumulative grade point average of 2.5 or above by the semester before the one in which students plan to do their student teaching.  The 2.5 cumulative grade point average must be maintained in order to graduate with a B.S. in education degree and/or be certified to teach in the state of Missouri.
  • Grade point average of 2.5 in the teaching field (secondary education students only).
  • Completion of English 3100(210), Advanced Expository Writing, or equivalent, with a grade of C- or better.
  • Completion of Comm 1040(40), or equivalent, Introduction to Public Speaking, with a grade of C- or better.
  • Completion of general education requirements and near completion of course requirements in the teaching major.
  • A grade of C or better in all professional education courses so designated. Lists of these courses available in the office of undergraduate education and from advisers. A grade of C- is not acceptable.
  • Satisfactory recommendations by student teaching area representatives in the teacher education program.
  • Completion at UM-St. Louis of no fewer than 12 hours of approved course work.
  • Completion of prerequisite courses in professional education and psychology.
  • Completion of TB screening, police, and child abuse checks.

The student teaching experience in the early childhood, music, physical education, and special education certification programs has been strengthened by providing assignments in two different school settings.  Students will be expected to do student teaching on a full-day basis for an entire semester. The student teaching experience in elementary, middle school and secondary content areas completed at one site for a full semester and students are expected to be on-site for full days throughout the semester. The student teaching, experience must be completed in residence. Secondary student teaching in science education, mathematics education, and foreign language education is offered only during the winter semester. Secondary education majors student teach for an entire semester, full days. 

While enrolled in student teaching, students may not carry more than 15 credit hours. When students are admitted to student teaching, the Undergraduate Education Office arranges assignments with appropriate school district officials. Students should not contact school officials or teachers about possible student teaching assignments. Failure to observe this request is a basis for removal from student teaching. 

Students who withdraw from student teaching at any time after being admitted for a given semester must formally reapply during the designated application period for the subsequent semester in which they plan to do their student teaching. This must be done in person in the Undergraduate Education Office. Students who withdraw in this way three times must wait a minimum of one calendar year after the third such withdrawal before they may reapply for student teaching. At the time of reapplication they must present evidence that the circumstances which prevented them from continuing in student teaching during their last admission no longer pertain. In all instances of reapplication, students must meet the requirements in effect for the semester during which they plan to do their student teaching. 

Student teachers who fail the course or are allowed to withdraw because they are failing to meet minimum requirements must wait at least one full semester and fulfill the remedial requirements established at the time of the failure or withdrawal before they may reapply for admission to student teaching. The remedial requirements will be determined by the Undergraduate Teacher Education Office after consultation with the cooperating teachers, university supervisors, and student teachers involved. The students must provide appropriate evidence that the remedial requirements have been met at the time they reapply for admission to student teaching. It is understood that meeting the remedial requirements does not guarantee success in the subsequent student teaching experience. 

Student teaching during the summer semester is available through special arrangement with the undergraduate education office and will generally satisfy one-half of the students teaching requirement. Under certain circumstances, student teaching while employed a full-time teacher is allowed. Guidelines and requirements may be explored in the Undergraduate Teacher Education Office. 

For further information regarding certification, contact the undergraduate education office, 155 Marillac Hall.

Application for Degree and/or Certificate

Bachelor of Science in Education (B.S.)
Candidates for the B.S.Ed. degree must complete degree and certificate application forms in the Undergraduate Teacher Education Office when they apply for admission to student teaching or during the semester before the one in which they expect to finish degree requirements.  See note below on the on PRAXIS examination.

Bachelor of Educational Studies (B.E.S.)
Candidate should consult the Undergraduate Teacher Education Office, 155 Marillac Hall for more information.

This degree offers three areas of study: Early Childhood, Exercise Science and Professional Studies.

Bachelor of Science in Community Education
Candidate should consult the Undergraduate Teacher  Education Office, 155 Marillac Hall for more information.

Evening College students should complete degree application forms in the Evening College office and certification application forms in the Undergraduate Teacher Education Office.

Bachelor of Arts
Students seeking the B.A. degree with teacher certification must complete a state certification form with the office of teacher education. See note below on the on PRAXIS examination.

In cooperation with the Missouri State Department of Elementary and Secondary Education, the College of Education is responsible for recommending teaching certificates for students completing B.S. in education degree requirements, recommending for certification students completing degrees in other UM-St. Louis colleges and schools, as well as all certification requirements, and for advising and recommending for certification those post degree students who meet requirements.

All individuals must pass the appropriate Praxis/National Teacher's Examination to meet graduation and/or certification requirements. This exam should be taken during the semester immediately prior to that of student teaching.

Students may earn certification in the fields of elementary education, early childhood education, middle school, music education, physical education special education (cross categorical), art education, as well as the secondary  education areas of biology, chemistry, English, foreign languages (French, German, Spanish), mathematics, physics, social studies, and speech/theater. Graduate programs leading to certification in counseling; reading; school administration (elementary and secondary principal, school superintendent); and special education.

Graduate Studies in Education

Degrees and Areas of Emphasis
M.Ed. programs are offered in counseling, educational administration, elementary education, secondary education, and special education. Within the counseling program are the emphasis areas of elementary, secondary, and community counseling. Within the educational administration program are the emphasis areas of community education, elementary administration, and secondary administration. Within the elementary education program is the emphasis area of reading. Within the secondary education program are the emphasis areas of adult education, curriculum and instruction, and reading. Within the special education program are the emphasis areas of behavioral disorders, learning disabilities, mental retardation, and early childhood/special education. Courses are available for areas of specialization in early childhood education, physical education, educational technology, severe handicaps and higher education.

Advanced certification studies (60-hour concentrations) are offered in elementary and secondary educational administration.

Programs leading to the Ed.D. degree are offered in two broad interdisciplinary emphasis areas: learning-instructional processes and behavioral- developmental processes.  Programs leading to the Ph.D. degree are offered in the areas of counseling, educational psychology, teaching-learning processes, and metropolitan leadership and policy studies.

Master of Education Degree

Admission and General Requirements
The College of Education follows Graduate School policies relating to admissions, academic standards, residency, transfer credit, time limitations, and thesis options (see Graduate Study in this Bulletin). In addition to meeting the general requirements of the Graduate School, applicants for school or community counseling must complete a separate application (see graduate studies in the Counseling division in this Bulletin). The minimum number of hours required for the M.Ed. degree is 32 except that the elementary, secondary, and community counseling emphases require 48 hours. The school has adopted a flexible policy on exit requirements, which are determined divisionally.

Advisement and Program Planning
Upon acceptance, each student can contact the Office of Graduate Education for an appointment with the graduate advisor for a first semester course of study (314)516-5483 or After acceptance, each student completes an adviser form, sent by the College of Education's Office of Graduate Studies, 123 SCCB. A faculty adviser is then appointed who counsels the student in registration and program planning. A program for master's degree form must be submitted for approval during the first half of the student's program. This form includes all course work in the program and the exit requirement. Once approved, the degree program may be changed only by petition.

Students working toward teacher and/or school service personnel certification as graduate students should complete state certification forms in the Office of Undergraduate Education, 155 Marillac Hall, one year before those requirements will be completed.

Doctor of Education Degree
The Ed.D. degree is designed primarily for the field practitioner, and is, therefore, a comparatively broadbased interdisciplinary degree. The two emphasis areas, learning instructional processes and behavioral-developmental processes, embrace two general categories of professional activities.

Learning-instructional processes place primary emphasis on the teaching-learning relationship, as well as on general planning and development of organizational programs to carry on this relationship successfully. Traditional programs that tend to fall under this heading are school administration, elementary and secondary teaching, supervision/curriculum, and reading instruction.

Behavioral-developmental processes place primary emphasis on the nature of individuals. Doctoral studies focus on such elements as learners behavioral and developmental characteristics, typical and atypical development within varied environments, motivation, strategies of behavioral change, and counseling processes. Traditional programs that tend to fall under this heading are counseling, special education, educational psychology, and measurement. Students seeking the Ed.D. degree are expected to meet the doctoral degree requirements and procedures adopted by the Graduate School. (See Doctoral Degree Requirements for details.)

Admission and General Requirements
In addition to meeting the application and admissions requirements of the Graduate School, students must submit three letters of recommendation (two letters must be from individuals with an earned doctorate, preferably prior instructors ), along with a professional resume. Because enrollment is competitive, admission standards are comparatively high. Successful candidates must exhibit significantly above-average academic records and GRE scores. In exceptional cases, other criteria may outweigh these customary indicators of probable academic success.

At least two years of teaching or other school service experiences are required for admission. Exceptions may be made by substituting a supervised internship during the first year of the program.
Admission Application
In order to ensure time for review and decision, complete applications and accompanying materials must reach the office of admissions in a timely manner.  In addition, applicants are urged to request transcripts and letters of  recommendation two weeks before submitting their papers. Consideration of applications cannot be undertaken until all materials are available.

Degree Requirements

1. Foundations, 12 hours from:
philosophical, historical, psychological, sociological, anthropological, and comparative foundations of education, as well as curriculum, instruction, and supervision.

2.  Research Methods, 12 hours:
6 hours from:
Quantitative research methodology, Ed Rem 6710(431) and above.
6 hours from:
Qualitative research methodology

3.  Common doctoral seminars, 6 hours

4.  Role Specialization, 48 hours:
Emphasis area doctoral seminars (6-12)
Emphasis area electives (15-27)
Related area (12-18)
Internship (3-9)

5.  Dissertation, 12 hours
Total:  minimum 90 hours, postbaccalaureate

Doctor of Philosophy Degree
The Ph.D. degree in education, offered in cooperation with the School of Education at the University of Missouri-Kansas City and the College of Education at the University of Missouri-Columbia, is designed for educators who desire directed research experience promoting scholarly inquiry in education.  Four emphases are available:

  1. Teaching-learning processes
  2. Educational leadership and policy studies
  3. Educational psychology
  4. Counseling

Admission and General Requirements
In addition to meeting the application and admissions requirements of the Graduate School, students must submit:

  • Three letters of recommendation (at least two from individuals with earned doctorates, preferably prior instructors).
  • An original essay.
  • A professional resume.
  • Evidence of above-average academic records.
  • GRE scores  

A favorable vote of an admission interview committee, composed of faculty in the emphasis area, is required.  Admission is competitive.

Admission Application
To ensure time for review and decision, complete applications and accompanying materials must reach the office of admission in a timely manner.  In addition, applicants are urged to request transcripts and letters of recommendation at least two weeks before submitting their papers.  Consideration of applications cannot be undertaken until all materials are available.  Applicants to the Counseling emphasis are asked to apply by January 15th.

Degree Requirements
1.  Foundations, 9-12 hours:
Philosophical, historical, psychological, sociological, anthropological, and comparative foundations of education, as well as curriculum, instruction, and  supervision.

2.  Research Methods 15-18 hours:
Educational Research and Evaluation Methods (Ed Rem) 6710(431): Educational Research Methods I, and at least 12 hours from Ed Rem courses numbered above 6710(431): 6 hours in quantitative methods and 6 hours in qualitative methods.

3.  Foreign Language Proficiency or Other Research Tools, equivalent to 6 hours

4.  Emphasis Area (Primary Discipline) courses, 21-27 hours, with at least 16 in residence , in one of the following areas:

A. Teaching-Learning Processes
Minimum 15 hours in cognate area
Minimum 3 hours in curriculum or instruction
Minimum 3 hours in educational psychology

B. Educational Leadership and Policy Studies
Minimum 21 hours in educational leadership, either in K-12, higher education, work, adult, or community education settings, selected in consultation with the faculty advisor and advisory committee.

C. Educational Psychology
Minimum of 21 hour in educational psychology. Program may include courses in research and evaluation methods, school psychology, developmental psychology, cognition and learning, character education, and socio-cultural theory. Courses in the primary discipline will be selected in consultation with the faculty adviser and advisory committee.

D. Counseling
Cns Ed 6050(414), Individual Inventory
Cns Ed 6040(420), Group Procedures in Counseling
Cns Ed 6400(442), Career Information and Development
Cns Ed 6030(495), Foundations for Multicultural Counseling
Cns Ed 6370(485), Community Counseling Practicum or
       (Cns Ed Cns Ed 6270(482), School Counseling Practicum
        Cns Ed 6380(486),
Community Counseling Field Experience  I
        Cns Ed 6280(483), School Counseling Field Experience I
        Cns Ed 6378(494), Counseling Practicum II)
Cns Ed 6385(487), Community Counseling Field Experience II or
      (Cns Ed 6285(484), School Counseling Field Experience II
        Cns Ed 6376(490), Internship)
Cns Ed 7000(426), Advanced Theories of Counseling and Family Therapy
Cns Ed 6410(443), Advanced Career Development
Cns Ed 7030(455), Counselor Education and Supervision
Cns Ed 7770(475), Doctoral Practicum (3 hours)
Cns Ed 7020(496),  Seminar in Counseling Research
Cns Ed 7010(498), Advanced Multicultural Counseling

3 semester hours of electives in Cns Ed approved by advisory committee.

Additionally, all students should complete Cns Ed 7780(476), Doctoral Internship I and Cns Ed 7785(477), Doctoral Internship II, as the research internship; and a secondary discipline in Ed Psy consisting of at least Ed Psy 6310(412), Psychology of Learning Processes, Ed Psy 6113(413), Personality Development and Adjustment, and Ed Rem 6716(422), Individual Assessment of Cognitive Abilities.

5. Related (Secondary Discipline) Courses, 12-15 hours, in education or another department.

6. Required Exit course, 3 hours
Education 7414(414) Common Doctoral Seminar: Research: Implementing Change in Educational Systems

7. Research Internship, 6-9 hours

8. Dissertation, 12 hours
Total: Minimum 90 hours, postbaccalaureate

Support Services
The College of Education maintains a number of offices and centers to directly assist students, faculty, and people in the metropolitan area and to support its instructional, research, and service activities.

Office of Undergraduate Education -155 MH
This office supplies advisement services for undergraduate teacher education and certification students. It coordinates the clinical experiences of the College of Education and directs the student teaching program.

Office of Graduate Education - 123 SCCB
Information about admission to, and requirements of, graduate programs in education may be obtained in this office. The office also assists students with advisement, registration, and related topics, and maintains student records.

Teacher Education Resource Center -G01
The center is designed as an instructional media laboratory. The Instructional Technology Center located in Lucas Hall also has an office in the center.

Human Services Unit -B23A ED LIB
The human services unit is a training facility for graduate students supervised by faculty in the Division of Counseling. Career counseling and assistance with vocational, adult, or adolescent developmental concerns are avail able to individuals in the community.

Reading Clinic -B9 ED LIB
The reading clinic provides a laboratory setting for graduate level elementary and secondary teachers who are seeking certification as reading specialists. The clinic has been providing services to the surrounding community in diagnosing and treating severe reading problems in children and adults since 1966. The clinic also serves as a demonstration and materials center for preservice and inservice teacher education, as well as a clinical research facility for the faculty.

University Child Development Center -130 SCB
The center provides university students with observation, participation, research, and similar educational and clinical opportunities; it also offers quality child care programs for children of student, faculty, staff, and community families.

Technology and Learning Center - 100 Marillac
The center provides education students and faculty a model environment for managing new methods of teaching through the newest technologies; a place to research and develop technology-enhanced teaching methods to engage K-12 students; and programs that connect school classrooms to the workplace.