Department of Communication

http://www.umsl.edu/divisions/artscience/communication/

Faculty

Michael Beatty, Professor*; Chairperson
Ph.D., Ohio State University
Thomas McPhail, Professor*
Ph.D., Purdue University
Michael Murray, Curatorsí Distinguished Teaching Professor
Ph.D., University of Missouri-Columbia
Donald Shields, Professor Emeritus
Ph.D., University of Minnesota
Elizabeth Kizer, Associate Professor Emerita
Ph.D., Purdue University
C. Thomas Preston, Associate Professor*
Ph.D., University of Nebraska-Lincoln
Alice E. Hall, Assistant Professor
Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania
Alan D. Heisel, Assistant Professor
Ed.D., West Virginia University
Betty H. La France, Assistant Professor
Ph.D., Michigan State University
Leighanne Heisel, Lecturer
M.A., West Virginia University
Clark McMillion, Lecturer
M.A., State University College of New York at Brockport
Sidney Savan, Lecturer
B.S., Washington University

*members of Graduate Faculty

The faculty represents many fields within the discipline of communication including interpersonal communication, organizational communication, mass communication, and rhetoric in addition to related disciplines such as film and media history, media production, and public relations.† Most faculty members contribute to the continued growth of the knowledge base, publishing the results of their research in scholarly journals and presenting papers at national and international professional conferences.† Other faculty members engage in creative activities.† By integrating theory, research, and practice, the faculty is able to offer a comprehensive approach to contemporary communication problems.

General Information  

The Bachelor of Arts in Communication
The B.A. in communication is a flexible degree program that allows the student to emphasize a particular field of study (communication theory and rhetoric, or mass communication) or tailor a specific concentration to meet the student's individual needs and interests. An emphasis in communication theory or mass communication is recommended for students with clear career goals in one of these areas. The communication major is recommended for students interested in teacher certification, the bachelor of general studies degree in the Evening College, or in specific interdisciplinary fields such as public relations/ advertising/organizational communication, information science, electronic journalism, television, media administration, and marketing communication. The faculty encourages all students to meet early and often with their faculty adviser to select a meaningful group of courses for a coherent, career-oriented academic program.

Minors and Certificates for Communication
The department actively supports the following minor and certificate programs open to students majoring in communication: Minor in Public Affairs Journalism, Minor in Photographic Studies, Minor in Legal Studies, Certificate in Writing, and Certificate in Secondary Education. For more information, see Certificate Programs and Interdisciplinary Studies in this Bulletin.

Master of Arts in Communication
The master of arts program, a collaborative effort between UM-St. Louis and UM-Kansas City, provides the opportunity for an advanced degree program in communication with emphasis in organizational and mass communication. For further details, please see the Graduate Studies section of the Communication Department listings.

Undergraduate Studies

General Education Requirements Course Descriptions
Majors must satisfy the university and college general education requirements. The college's foreign language requirement may be taken in any language. Communication courses may not be taken on a satisfactory/unsatisfactory basis.

Course Emphasis Categories
Courses offered by the communication department are categorized below. Students will need to refer to this list in choosing courses to meet the requirements of their particular emphasis area.

Communication Theory and Rhetoric Area Courses
1030(30), Interpersonal Communication I
1040(40), Introduction to Public Speaking
1041(41), Basic Public Debate
1065(65), Introduction to Information Technology
1108(108), Advertising Copywriting
1130(130), Interpersonal Communication II
1135(135), Communication Theory
1140(140), Advanced Public Speaking
1141(141), Business and Professional Speaking
1143(143), Parliamentary Procedure
1150(150), Introduction to Public Relations
2228(228), Public Relations Writing
2230(230), Small Group Communication
2231(231), Communication in the Organization
2240(240), Persuasive Communication
2241(241), Argumentation and Debate
2243(243), Communication in American Politics
3330(330), Research Methods in Communication I
3331(331), Research Methods in Communication II
3332(332), Intercultural Communication
3333(333), Communication Audit
3334(334), Advertising Media Planning
3335(335), Seminar in Applied Communication Research
3336(336), Communication in Advertising
3337(337), Male/Female Communication
3340(340), Rhetorical Criticism
3341(341), Classical Rhetoric and Public Address
3342(342), Modern Rhetoric and Public Address
3343(343), The Rhetoric of Protest
3344(344), Advanced Argumentation Theory
3345(345), Theory and Practice of Interviewing
3346(346), Advanced Interviewing Techniques
3358(358), Communication in Public Relations
3360(360), Health Communication

Mass Communication Area Courses
1050(50), Introduction to Mass Media
1065(65), Introduction to Information Technology
1070(70), Introduction to Cinema
1108(108), Advertising Copywriting
1110(110), Introduction to Radio and Television Broadcasting
1114(114), Radio Production I
1118(118), Radio and Television Announcing
1150(150), Introduction to Public Relations
2210(210), Television Production I
2212(212), Broadcast Writing and Reporting
2214(214), News Writing
2215(215), Radio Production II
2216(216), Radio News
2217(217), Script Writing for Business and Industry
2218(218), Public Policy in Telecommunication
2219(219), Promotion, Publicity, and Advertising in Broadcasting
2228(228), Public Relations Writing
2271(271), History of Film to World War II
2272(272), History of Film Since World War II
2273(273), Basic Film Production
3310(310), Television Production II
3311(311), Broadcast Management
3316(316), Television News
3317(317), Radio and the Recording Industry
3330(330), Research Methods in Communication I
3331(331), Research Methods in Communication II
3334(334), Advertising Media Planning
3350(350), Mass Communication History
3352(352), Mass Media Criticism
3354(354), Comparative Telecommunication Systems
3355(355), Media Law and Regulation
4356(356), International Communication
4357(357), Media Ethics
3358(358), Communication in Public Relations
3360(360), Health Communication
3370(370), Documentary Film


Degree Requirements

Bachelor of Arts in Communication
Majors must complete a minimum of 36, but not more than 45, hours in communication courses. At least 18 of these hours must be taken at UM-St. Louis. Each major must take at least 6 hours of communication courses numbered 200-299(2000-2999) and at least 6 hours of communication courses numbered 300-399(3000-3999). Every major must complete the requirements for an emphasis area as described below.

Emphasis Areas
Emphasis areas are available: Communication theory and Rhetoric, mass communication, theatre.

Required Courses for All Majors
1040(40), Introduction to Public Speaking
1135(135), Communication Theory
1193(193), 1194(194), 1196(196), 1197(197), 1198(198) (at least 3 hours of Practicum courses), or
3393(393),† 3394(394),† 3396(396),† 3397(397) (at least 3 hours of Internship courses).

Emphasis Area Requirements
In addition to the above required course work, majors must complete the requirements specified below for one of the following emphasis areas:

I Communication Theory and Rhetoric
In addition to the required courses for all majors, students must take the following:

  1. 2230(230), Small Group Communication
  2. Twelve additional hours in Communication Theory and †Rhetoric
  3. One of the following Mass Communication courses:
    1050(50), Introduction to Mass Media
    1070(70), Introduction to Cinema
    1110(110), Introduction to Radio and Television Broadcasting
  4. Plus 9-18 hours from any area or areas in the communication department.

II Mass Communication
In addition to the required courses for all majors, students must take the following:

  1. 1050(50), Introduction to Mass Media
    1070(70), Introduction to Cinema
    1110(110), Introduction to Radio and Television Broadcasting
  2. Nine additional hours in mass communication
  3. Plus 9-18 hours from any area or areas in the communication department.

Bachelor of Arts in Communication with Certification in Secondary Education
In addition to the requirements for the B.A. in communication and general requirements set by the College of Education, students must meet the state requirements for certification.

The B.A. and certification for grades 7-12 can be completed by taking a minimum of 39 hours in communication, selected according to departmental recommendations. The B.A. and certification for grades 7-9 can be obtained by taking 36 hours in communication, selected according to departmental recommendations.

Requirements of the College of Education include courses in professional education and English 3600(262), The Curriculum and Methods of Teaching English (same as Sec Ed 3600(232).

Departmental Activities, Laboratories, and Internships
Cocurricular projects and activities relevant to student interests and vocational plans are sponsored and advised by the department (debate and forensic, television club). In addition to the traditional classroom experience, students receive practical training in the department's laboratory facility: the Lucas Hall video laboratory.

Internships at radio and television stations, community agencies, newspapers, and public relations, marketing, and advertising firms, and a variety of business organizations provide valuable opportunities for majors to apply their communication studies.

Minors in Communication
Students with majors other than communication may select from two minors to complement their academic and career goals.

The following conditions apply to all minors:

Credit hours in Communication 1195(195), and/or Communication 3395(395), may be substituted for credit hours listed below with written consent of the communication department chairperson.

At least 9 of the 18 hours required for the minor must be taken at UM-St. Louis.

A minimum GPA of 2.5 is required in the minor.

I Requirements for the minor in Communication Theory and Rhetoric are as follows: 

  1. 1040(40), Introduction to Public Speaking
    1135(135) Communication Theory

  2. One of the following Communication Theory and Rhetoric courses:
    1030(30), Interpersonal Communication I
    1140(140), Advanced Public Speaking
    1141(141), Business and Professional Speaking
  3. Plus nine hours from courses in Communication Theory and Rhetoric at the 2000(200) level or above.

II Requirements for a minor in Mass Communication are as follows:

  1. 1050(50), Introduction to Mass Media
  2. 1110(110), Introduction to Radio and Television Broadcasting
  3. One of the following Mass Communication courses:
    1070(70), Introduction to Cinema
    3350(350), Mass Communication History and Criticism
  4. Plus nine hours in Mass Communication courses at the 2000(200) level or above.
Graduate Studies

The department offers the Master of Arts degree in communication.

Admission requirements:
Applicants must have a baccalaureate in communication or a related discipline by the end of the semester in which they apply. In addition, the minimum GPA for regular admission to the graduate program in communication is 2.75 on a 4-point scale. Three letters or recommendation, at least two of which address the applicant's potential to succeed in graduate studies in communication are required. International students must obtain a TOEFL score of at least 600 to be considered for admission.

Master of Arts in Communication

Degree Requirements:
Candidates for the M.A. degree will complete a minimum of 30 semester hours of approved study, at least 21 of which must be taken in courses offered by the department. Video courses from UM-Kansas City taken while in residence at UM-St. Louis may count toward this 21 hour minimum. A minimum of 18 hours must be taken at the 5000(400) level, in addition to the hours taken for the thesis or internship/paper. Of this 18 hours of 6000(400) level courses, 15 hours must be the specific core courses noted as follows:

Communication
6400(400), Seminar in Communication Theory
6405(405), Introduction to Communication Research Methods
6411(411), Seminar in Mass Communication
6431(431), Seminar in Organizational Communication
6435(435), Seminar in Advanced Applied Communication Research

Students complete one of the following exit projects: No less than a 6-hour thesis or a 6-hour internship. After consultation with the graduate coordinator and with input from prospective exit project committee members, the student selects the appropriate exit project. The internship option requires submission of an essay in which the coursework and internship experiences are integrated. Internship essay and thesis must be approved by the studentís committees and assigned a grade by the advisor. The candidate must pass an oral examination conducted by student's committee regardless of exit option selected.

Career Outlook

The B.A. in communication prepares students for careers in numerous fields. Past graduates are working in the following positions: radio and television news, promotion and public relations, administration, directing, announcing, production, and sports journalism; media management; public relations, advertising, marketing, Web page design, market research, corporate media, sales, training, speech writing, print editing, journalism, teaching, and research. Other students have pursued graduate education in communication programs across North America offering the M.A. and Ph.D. degrees.

Course Descriptions

Prerequisites may be waived by consent of the department.

Students who have earned 24 or more semester hours of credit at any accredited post-secondary institutions(s) before the start of the fall 2002 semester must meet the general education requirements stipulated in the UM-St Louis 2001-2002 Bulletin.† The following courses fulfill the Humanities breadth of study requirements as described in that Bulletin:

1070(70), 1160(160), 2271(271), 2272(272), 3337(337), 3340(340), 3341(341), 3342(342), 3343(343), 3344(344), 3350(350), 3352(352).

The following courses fulfill the Social Sciences breadth of study requirements:1065(65), 1135(135), 2218(218), 2230(230), 2231(231), 2243(243), 3330(330), 3331(331), 3332(332), 3333(333), 4335(335), 3350(350), 3354(354), 4356(356).

1030(30) Interpersonal Communication I (3) [C]
Development of basic one-to-one communication skills. Includes self-awareness, listening, nonverbal communication, feedback, roleplaying, and receiver awareness.

1040(40) Introduction to Public Speaking (3) [C]
Theories and techniques of organization, evidence, argumentation, persuasion, and delivery in public speaking.

1041(41) Basic Public Debate (3)
History and practice of debate in the public arena, with opportunities to prepare for a variety of public forums for argumentation. Various debate formats, including panel discussions, joint news conferences, and audience-participation debates, in a variety of settings, will be surveyed.

1050(50) Introduction to Mass Media (3) [C,SS]
Introduction to oral, print, and electronic media of communication. Emphasis on history, theory, and criticism of the mass media as cultural institutions.

1065(65) Introduction to Information Technology (3)
The production and consumption of information by individuals, the work place and society. Emphasis on the changing nature of communication processes as a result of the expansion of communication technologies.

1070(70) Introduction to Cinema (3)
An introduction to the history, rhetoric, and aesthetics of film. Film theory and criticism will be studied as well as major genres, authors, and artists.

1108(108) Advertising Copywriting (3)
Same as English 2080(108). To give students a hands-on approach for writing advertising material for print and broadcast against tight deadlines in a professional setting.

1110(110) Introduction to Radio and Television Broadcasting (3)
An introduction to broadcasting, including the areas of history, government regulations, station operation, and program development.

1113(113) Basic Television Studio Production (3)
Study of basic television studio production techniques and practices. The class will provide the student with practical experience in studio camera operating, directing, producing, switching, audio mixing and lighting. Lab arranged.

1114(114) Radio Production I (3)
Prerequisite: Comm 1110(110). Theory and practice in the creation of radio programs. Laboratory experience included.

1118(118) Radio and Television Announcing (3)
Prerequisite: Comm 1110(110); 1114(114), and 2210(210) recommended. Training in radio and television studio procedures. Production and criticism of lab programs, including news, continuity, interviews, and oral improvisation. Classroom meetings at the radio lab and the television lab, plus lab hours to be arranged.

1130(130) Interpersonal Communication II (3)
Prerequisite: Comm 1030(30).† Interpersonal communication in relationships within group contexts, such as family, classroom, and business. Various theories and diagnostic approaches to interpersonal communication. Extensive laboratory sessions utilizing individual and group exercises.

1135(135) Communication Theory (3)
Survey of elements and processes critical to human communication behavior. Comparison of influential communication theories.

1140(140) Advanced Public Speaking (3)
Prerequisite: Comm 1040(40). Application of advanced public speaking skills, with emphasis on special occasion speaking situations.

1141(141) Business and Professional Speaking (3)
Prerequisite: Comm 1040(40). Application of communication skills in the business and professional environment with emphasis on presentational speaking, organizational constructs germane to professional careers, and uses of various media.

1143(143) Parliamentary Procedure (2)
Prerequisite: Comm 1040(40). Study and practice in rules of procedure by which self-governing groups transact business.

1150(150) Introduction to Public Relations (3)
Prerequisite: Comm 40(1040) or 50(1050). Publicity methods and public relations representation of profit and nonprofit institutions to the public; use of communication research and media, as applied to the public relations profession.

1160(160) Fundamentals of Oral Interpretation (3)
Prerequisite: Comm 40(1040) or consent of instructor. An introduction to the analysis of literature and to the principles of its oral presentation by the interpreter.

1193(193) Practicum in Applied Communication (1-3)
Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. Practicum work at any of the UM-St. Louis public relations offices, sports and school newspapers, Office of Research or Photography Services. Work must be done on campus, under supervision of a working professional in the field, in consultation with a faculty member.

1194(194) Practicum in Debate/Forensics (1-3)
Prerequisite:† Consent of instructor.† Practical work in the University debate and forensics program, supervised by a faculty member. Repeatable, but no more than 6 credit hours may be earned in departmental practicum courses.

1195(195) Seminar in Communication (3)
Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. In-depth study of topics pertaining to current research in the department or otherwise of timely interest to students or faculty.

1196(196) Practicum in Radio (1-3)
Prerequisites: Comm 1110(110) and consent of instructor; open to communication majors only; not open to students who have any Y or delayed grades outstanding. Practical work at the campus radio station, supervised by a faculty member. Repeatable, but no more than 6 credit hours may be earned in departmental practicum courses.

1197(197) Practicum in Television/Film (1-3)
Prerequisites: Comm 1110(110) and consent of instructor; open to communication majors only; not open to students who have any Y or delayed grades outstanding. Practical work at one of the campus television studios or for the UM-St. Louis Television/Film Club, supervised by a faculty member. Repeatable, but no more than 6 credit hours may be earned in departmental practicum courses.

2210(210) Television Production I (3)
Prerequisites: Comm 1110(110) or consent of instructor. A study of the basic theories and practices of remote television production. The areas of producing and directing in the field will be studied. The class will provide the student with practical experience in remote camera operation and basic editing techniques. Lab arranged.

2212(212) Broadcast Writing and Reporting (3)
Prerequisites:† Comm 1110(110) and 3214(214) or English 3140(214), or consent of instructor. Elementary principles and practice of writing for radio and television in varied program formats, emphasis on preparation of written materials for news and public affairs presentation. Lecture and lab.

2215(215) Radio Production II (3)
Prerequisite: Comm 1114(114). Study of advanced theories and techniques of audio production, building on principles and skills learned in Radio Production I. Exploration of complex program formats such as radio drama and special problems such as those encountered in recording live music.

2216(216) Radio News (3)
Prerequisite: Comm 1114(114). Theory and laboratory practice in the gathering, writing, and delivery of news through radio. Lab hours to be arranged.

2217(217) Script Writing for Business and Industry (3)
Prerequisites: Comm 2210(210) and 2212(212). Script writing for training, motivation, education, and other applications. Students will identify and discuss communication problems and solutions in live, slide/tape, video, and film script formats.

2218(2218) Public Policy in Telecommunication (3)
Prerequisite: Comm 65(1065) or 110(1110) or consent of instructor. An examination of the structure and operation of domestic, international, commercial and public telecommunication. Regulatory agencies, both private and public, will be considered in terms of their effect on programming and ownership.

2219(219) Promotion, Publicity, and Advertising in Broadcasting (3)
Prerequisite: Comm 1110(110). Introduction to theory and practice in the planning, execution, and evaluation of persuasive campaigns involving radio and television. Emphasis on concept developments and production elements. Discussion of broadcast ethics.

2228(228) Public Relations Writing (3)
Same as English 3280(228). Prerequisite: English 3140(214) or equivalent. An introduction to the process of planning, producing, and evaluating written public relations messages. Writing assignments include media releases, letters, memos, position papers, background papers, brochures, and reports and proposals.

2230(230) Small Group Communication (3)
Prerequisite: Comm 1040(40). Development of communication skills needed in small group decision making. Application of these skills to contemporary problems.

2231(231) Communication in the Organization (3)
Prerequisite: Junior standing or consent of instructor. Course integrates communication theories applicable to the structure and function of organizations. The effect of communication variables on departmental interface, member satisfaction and motivation, leadership and subordinate styles, and perception of the organization by the external environment.

2232(232) Effective Communication in the Organization: Tool for Leadership (3)
Prerequisites: Junior standing or consent of instructor. Telecourse designed to equip students with communication skills applicable to the organizational context. The course will present effective strategies for the articulation of ideas, with particular emphasis on the development of leadership skills.

2240(240) Persuasive Communication (3)
Prerequisite: Comm 1040(40). A study of persuasive communication, including theories, techniques, forms, functions, applications, potential, and limitations for the individual and organizations. Insights from both classical rhetoric and contemporary communication theory.

2241(241) Argumentation and Debate (3)
Prerequisite: Comm 1040(40), or 1041(41), or consent of instructor. Principles of argumentation and debate with practice in preparing briefs and in delivering spoken arguments in formal debate. Emphasis on analysis of issues, logical reasoning, and audience analysis.

2243(243) Communication in American Politics (3)
Prerequisite: Comm 1040(40). Analysis of audience response and media preferences in political campaigns, campaign speeches, candidates' uses of television and other mass media, and measuring effectiveness of campaign communications.

2271(271) History of Film to World War II (3)
Prerequisite: Comm 1070(70) or consent of instructor. History of world cinema from the late nineteenth century to the 1940s.

2272(272) History of Film Since World War II (3)
Prerequisite: Comm 1070(70) or consent of instructor. History of world cinema from the 1940s to the present day.

3214(214) News Writing (3)
Same as English 3140(214). Prerequisite: English 1100(10) or equivalent. An introduction to news writing and reporting. Course covers basic components of news reporting principles, and news writing style and structure. Daily writing assignments include coverage of speeches, meetings and interviews, accidents, deaths, courts, sports, consumer affairs, and government. Emphasis on clarity, accuracy, and speed.

3310(310) Television Production II (3)
Prerequisite: Comm 2210(210). Study of advanced theories of television production. Refinement of studio television principles learned in Comm 2210(210). Exploration of complex program formats. Lab arranged.

3311(311) Broadcast Management (3)
Prerequisite: Comm 1110(110). Introduction to theories of management, with application to radio and television station operations. Discussion of economic, legal, and ethical problems and issues.

3313(313) Advanced Video Editing (3)
Prerequisite: Six (6) hours of television production. Study of advanced editing techniques. Exposure to nonlinear formats. Animation and advanced graphics development. Exploration of state of the art editing formats. Lab arranged.

3316(316) Television News (3)
Prerequisite: Comm 2110(210). Theory and laboratory practice in the gathering, writing, and delivery of news through television. Lab arranged.

3317(317) Radio and the Recording Industry (3)
Prerequisite: Junior standing. Historical development and current status of the recording industry, particularly as it interacts with the broadcast industry. Impact of radio and recording technology on the development of rock and other popular music.

3330(330) Research Methods in Communication I (3)
Prerequisite: Comm 1135(135). Introduction to the fundamental tools of quantitative research in communication.† Focus of the course is on reading and comprehending communication research reports rather than conducting quantitative research.

3331(331) Research Methods in Communication II (3)
Prerequisite: Comm 3330(330). Extends the study of research methods covered in Com 330 to the planning and executing of research projects.† Students acquire data analysis, research design, and basic measurement skills.† Problems of quantitative study unique to the study of communication are explored.

3332(332) Intercultural Communication (3)
Prerequisite: Junior standing or consent of the instructor. Study of culture as a variable in both interpersonal and collective communicative situations. Emphasis upon opportunities and problems arising from similarities or differences in communication patterns, processes, and codes among various cultural groups.

3333(333) Communication Audit (3)
Prerequisite: Comm 2231(231). The application of specific empirical research designs to evaluate communication flows, effectiveness, or channels in complex organizations.

3334(334) Advertising Media Planning (3)
Prerequisite: Comm 1050(50). A hands-on study of how to determine an advertising budget, select media and develop a strategic plan.

3336(336) Communication in Advertising (3)
Prerequisites: Comm 1050(50) and junior standing, or consent of instructor. Overview of components in persuasive messages and how advertising messages and campaigns use various media to reach target audiences .

3340(337) Male/Female Communication (3)
Prerequisite: Junior standing or consent of instructor. This course explores the influence of gender upon contemporary American communication behavior. Topics include semantic and syntactic variations in male and female speech, gender-role development as process and product of communication, analysis of communication patterns and barriers within gender groups. Mass, public, interpersonal, and dyadic communication contexts are considered.

3340(340) Rhetorical Criticism (3)
Prerequisite: Comm 1040(40). The application of rhetorical theories to the analytical and critical explanation of persuasive messages.

3341(341) Classical Rhetoric and Public Address (3)
Prerequisite: Comm 1040(40) or consent of instructor. A survey of the history and theories of persuasion and public address from ancient times to the Renaissance.

3342(342) Modern Rhetoric and Public Address (3)
Prerequisite: Comm 1040(40) or consent of instructor. A survey of the history and theories of persuasion and public address from the post-Renaissance era to the present.

3343(343) The Rhetoric of Protest (3)
Prerequisite: Comm 1040(40). An examination of the persuasive messages and tactics used in social movements and their campaigns.

3344(344) Advanced Argumentation Theory (3)
Prerequisite: Comm 2241(241) or consent of instructor. This course focuses on advanced argumentation theory. It is aimed at providing an advanced understanding of the complex issues faced by argumentation scholars.

3345(345) Theory and Practice of Interviewing (3)
Prerequisite: Comm 1040(40) and junior standing, or consent of instructor. The application of modern communication theory to interview situations. This theory and practicum course is designed to aid the student in mastering specific skills appropriate to specialized settings.

3346(346) Advanced Interviewing Techniques (3)
Prerequisite: Comm 3345(345). Examination and application of problem solving and information-gathering methods, with emphasis on specialized situations such as journalistic; health, crisis intervention, and counseling; superior-subordinate relationships and employment. In-class study approach and field interview assignments.

3350(350) Mass Communication History (3)
Prerequisite: Comm 1050(50) or 1110(110). Examination of the social, economic, and political factors contributing to the development of American mass media. Emphasis on significant personalities who helped shape its course; analysis of select critical works.

3352(352) Mass Media Criticism (3)
Prerequisite: Comm 1050(50) or 1060(60). The study of media content and its effect on society. Reading and viewing of selected works. Independent reading and critical analysis required.

3354(354) Comparative Telecommunication Systems (3)
Prerequisite: Comm 1065(65) or consent of instructor.. Historical aspects of various systems of telecommunication throughout the world. Examination of American, Canadian, European Community (EC), and other telecommunication systems.

3355(355) Media Law and Regulation (3)
Prerequisite: Comm 1050(50) or 1110(110). Discussion of laws affecting the mass media. Exploration of problems and issues in legal regulation of media content, ownership, access, and accountability. Discussion of industry self-regulation and the influence of citizens' organizations.

3358(358) Communication in Public Relations (3)
Prerequisite: Comm 1150(150). An overview of communication within the area of public relations. Emphasis on ethics, law, professional standards, and written communication. Case study approach.

3360(360) Health Communication (3)
Prerequisite: Comm 1030(030), 1040(040), or 1050(050) or consent of instructor. An analysis of the role communication plays in influencing the health care environment. The course consists of two parts. The first part examines public health care prevention campaigns, e.g., anti-smoking, as well as focusing on the environmental problems, including communication strategies utilizing various media alternatives. The second part focuses on interpersonal and small group communication practices within health-care settings. Consideration of verbal and nonverbal communication research will be explored.

3362(362) Storytelling (1-3)
Prerequisite: Junior standing or consent of instructor. This course gives an overview of the history of storytelling, types of tales, and appropriate uses for storytelling. The primary emphasis of the course is in developing storytelling skills through preparation, performances, and evaluation.

3370(370) Documentary Film (3)
Prerequisite: Comm 1070(70). Consideration of the history, theory, and criticism of nonfiction film. Screening of representative documentary films.

3392(392) Administration of Cocurricular Activities (3)
Prerequisites: Junior standing and consent of instructor. A survey of the skills required to administer the various cocurricular activities associated with teachers in the secondary schools, such as: operation of debate tournaments, public speaking competitions, and mass media centers.

3393(393) Internship in Applied Communication (3-6)
Prerequisites: Senior standing, with a least 12 hours of course work in communication theory and rhetoric; an overall GPA of at least 3.0; consent of instructor; open to communication majors only; not open to students who have any Y or delayed grades outstanding. Advanced practical work in business communication, political campaign communication, advertising, public relations, or other forms of organizational or public communication. Work must be done off campus, under supervision of a working professional in the field, in consultation with a faculty member. Repeatable, but no more than six hours total credit may be earned in internship courses toward the 36-hour minimum required for the degree.

3394(394) Internship in Journalism (3-6)
Prerequisites: Senior standing, with at least 12 hours of course work in journalism, mass communication, etc.; an overall GPA of at least 3.0; consent of instructor; open to communication majors only; not open to students who have any Y or delayed grades outstanding. Practical work with an off-campus newspaper, magazine, or other news organization, supervised by a journalism professional in consultation with a faculty member. Repeatable, but no more than six hours total credit may be earned in internship courses toward the 36-hour minimum required for the degree.

3395(395) Special Topics in Communication (3)
Prerequisite: Senior or graduate standing. In-depth study of topics pertaining to current research in the department.† May be repeated up to six credit hours if topic is different.

3396(396) Internship in Radio (3-6)
Prerequisites: Senior standing, with at least 12 hours of course work in radio, broadcasting, etc.; an overall GPA of at least 3.0; consent of instructor; open to communication majors only; not open to students who have any Y or delayed grades outstanding. Practical work at an off-campus radio station, supervised by a professional in consultation with a faculty member. Repeatable, but no more than six hours total credit may be earned in internship courses toward the 36-hour minimum required for the degree.

3397(397) Internship in Television/Film (3-6)
Prerequisites: Senior standing, with at least 12 hours of course work in television, film, video, etc.; an overall GPA of at least 3.0; consent of instructor; open to communication majors only; not open to students who have any Y or delayed grades outstanding. Practical work at an off-campus television, film, or video organization, supervised by a television, film, or video professional in consultation with a faculty member. Repeatable, but no more than six hours total credit may be earned in internship courses toward the 36-hour minimum required for the degree.

4335(335) Seminar in Applied Communication Research (3)
Prerequisites: Comm 1135(135) and consent of instructor. This course explores the use of communication concepts, theories, methods, and designs in applied field settings with an emphasis on original research.

4356(356) International Communication (3)
Prerequisite: Comm 1050(50) or 1110(110). Examination of the social, technical, economic, and political factors affecting international broadcasting and transnational media systems.

4357(357) Media Ethics (3)
Prerequisite: nine hours of philosophy or nine hours communication or consent of instructor. Same as Philosophy 4457(357). This course is concerned with some of the issues that arise from the intersection of ethics and modern media communications. Attention is given to some of the more specific concerns of media ethics, such as truth, honesty, fairness, objectivity and bias; personal privacy and the public interest; advertising; conflicts of interest; censorship and offensive or dangerous content (pornography, violence). Particular attention will be given to problems posed by the development of personal computer communications through bulletin boards, on-line services, and the Internet.

4390(390) Directed Readings (3)
Prerequisites: Consent of instructor; not open to students who have any Y or delayed grades outstanding. Supervised independent study involving readings, conferences, papers, etc., in one of the department's disciplines: communication theory and rhetoric, or mass communication.

4391(391) Supervised Research (1-5)
Prerequisites: Junior/senior standing and consent of instructor; not open to students who have any Y or delayed grades outstanding. Supervised field or laboratory research, data collection, literature searches, qualitative or quantitative data analysis, report writing and other techniques used by communication researchers. Repeatable, but no more than 5 credit hours may be earned in supervised research courses.

 6400(400) Seminar in Communication Theory (3)
Prerequisites: Graduate Standing. Examination of the theoretical, methodological, and philosophy of science issues in the discipline of communication. Examines general, micro, contextual, and interdisciplinary (symbiotic) communication theories. Required of all graduate communication students. (Core Course.)

6405(405) Introduction to Communication Research Methods (3)
Prerequisites: Graduate Standing. Concerns the logic of scientific inquiry including the discovery, counting, and analysis of material, social, and symbolic facts, and reviews research methods guided by general, micro and contextual communication theories. Provides an orientation to graduate research including proposal development for thesis, internship and paper requirements and includes a theory-based research project of the student's choice. Required of all graduate communication students. (Core Course.)

6406(406) Introduction to Communication Education Research (3)
Prerequisites: Graduate Standing. The development of educational communication research as a social scientific field. Critical evaluation of techniques and problem selection. Emphasis on the function of communication education concept formation and theory.

6411(411) Seminar in Mass Communication (3)
Examines the communication research literature pertaining to media planning, content, and effects. A broad range of media forms and possible effects are considered.

6431(431) Seminar in Organizational Communication (3)
Prerequisites: Graduate Standing. Explores communication theories and topics related to organizational, institutional, and social system contexts and reviews the communication literature on behavior in organizations. Emphasizes a case study approach to the communication strategies used by agencies and corporations. (Core course.)

6435(435) Seminar in Advanced Applied Communication (3)
Prerequisites: Graduate Standing. Examines the logic and forms of communication inquiry in solving client-centered problems. Topics include audience ratings and segmentation, targeting, applied and basic research paradigms and approaches to grounding theory. Reviews the use of research by agencies, campaigns and organizations. Includes a team research project. (Core Course.)

6445(445) Seminar in Advanced Organizational Communication (3)
Prerequisite: Com 6431(431). Extends the exploration of communication in organizations covered in Com 6431(431) to more advanced quantitative models of organizational communication. Focuses heavily on the quantitative studies published in communication research literature.

6454(454) Seminar in Communication Systems and Technologies (3)
Prerequisites: Graduate Standing. Examines innovation in modern communications technologies, their impact on society, and their contribution to the information revolution.

6490(490) Directed Readings in Communication (1-10)
Prerequisites: Graduate Standing. Individual research on a problem defined by the graduate student and the faculty member in conference. May be repeated once with the consent of the departmental graduate faculty.

6495(495) Seminar in Special Topics in Communication (3-9)
Prerequisites: Graduate Standing. Selected topics in the study of communication. Review of the communication theory and methods appropriate to the topic. The course includes a research project. May be repeated if the topic is different.

6498(498) Thesis Research and Preparation (1-10)
Prerequisites: Graduate standing. Individual research for and preparation of the graduate thesis.

6499(499) Graduate Internship (3-6)
Prerequisites: Graduate standing and approval of graduate coordinator. Individual on-site internship in organizational or mass communication setting. May be repeated.