Missouri Curators' Professor of Management and International Business

Director of International Business Programs

School of Business Administration
University of Missouri-St. Louis
8001 Natural Bridge Road
St. Louis MO 63121-4499

(314) 516-6537 (phone)

(314) 516-6420 (fax)




Doctorate of Business Administration, Indiana University, 1970

Master of Business Administration, Indiana University, 1968

Bachelor of Science, Brigham Young University, 1966


Faculty Positions Held

Visiting Professor, Vienna University, 1999-present

Distinguished Professor of International Management, Thunderbird - AGSIM, 1992-1999.

Professor of International Business, University of South Carolina, 1981-1992.

Visiting Professor of International Business, Helsinki School of Economics, Summer, 1985, 1987 and 1989.

Visiting Professor of International Business, University of Hawaii-Manoa, PAMI Program, Summer, 1984 and 1986.

Associate Professor of International Business and Finance, Ohio State University, 1975-1981.

Assistant Professor of Finance and International Business, Ohio State University, 1970-1975.


Multimedia Development

Principle Content Developer, Global Business, a two CD-ROM program for MBA students studying International Business using multi-media for distance learning, independent study and home study courses, 1997.

Supporting Content Developer, Global Marketing, a two CD-ROM program for MBA students studying International Marketing using multi-media for distance learning, independent study and home study courses, 1998.


Blunders in International Business, 3rd edition, Blackwell Publishers, 1999. Translated into Chinese, Japanese and Korean.

International Business, 2nd edition, Blackwell Publishers, 1997 (with B.J. Punnett).

Global Management, 1995 (with B.J. Punnett and Mark Mendenhall).

International Business: An Introduction, PWS-Kent Publishing Co., 1992 (with B.J. Punnett).

Directory of Foreign Manufacturers in the U.S., 5th edition, Georgia State University Press (co-authored with Jeffrey Arpan), 1993. Won a National Library Association Award for a reference book.

The United States Man-Made Fibers Industry: Global Challenges and Strategies for the Future, The University of South Carolina Press, 1984 (co-authored).

The Global Textile Industry, Allen and Unwin, 1984 (co-authored).

The U.S. Textile Mill Products Industry: Strategies for the 1980's and Beyond, The University of South Carolina Press, 1983 (co-authored).

Big Business Blunders: Mistakes in Multinational Marketing, Richard D.Irwin, 1983. (Also published by Dow Jones-Irwin in 1983). Favorably reviewed in many publications, Portions reprinted in many publications. Translated into Japanese in 1985.

International Dimensions of Corporate Finance, Prentice-Hall, Foundations of Finance Series, 1978.

International Business Blunders, Grid, Inc., January, 1974 (co-authored with Marilyn Fu and Jeffrey S. Arpan). Reviewed in Business Week, June 29, 1974. Published in Japanese in 1976. Reviewed and discussed over Canadian Broadcasting Corp. Discussed in FORBES, July 20, 1981.



"Recent International Business Blunders", European Business Forum, forthcoming.

"Information and Communication Technology in the International Business Classroom: Comparing Faculty and Student Perspectives," Journal of Teaching in International Business, Vol. 15, No. 4, 2004. (Co-authored).

"Globalization and the Role of the Global Corporation," Journal of International Management, 2003, Vol. 9, No. 4.

"The IU Impact on the Internatinalization of Business Schools," in Research in Global Strategic Management, Vol. 8, Alan Rugman, editor, JAI Press, 2003.

"International Business, Future Trends", The International Encyclopedia of Business and Management, International Thompson Business Press, 2002, 2nd ed. pp. 3251-3259, (with Candace Deans).

"Information and Communication Technology in the Classroom: An Empirical Study with an International Perspective", Journal of Teaching International Business, Vol.12, No.3 (2001), pp.21-41 (co-authored).

"Research emphasis on Cultural Difference and/or Similarities: Are we asking the Right Questions?", Journal of International Management, 6(2000), pp.173-186, with Joseph Dancwa.

"The Importance of Understanding Cultural Differences", The Blackwell Encyclopedia of Management, Blackwell Publishers, 1997.

"Translation Blunders in International Business", The Journal of Language for International Business, Vol. VII, No. 2 (1996).

"Trends in International Business Research: Twenty-five Years Later", Journal of International Business Studies, Fourth Quarter 1994, (with Richard W.Wright).

"Goal configuration in a Global Industry Context", Strategic Management Journal, Vol.15, 103-120 (1994), (with Kendall Roth).

"Determinants of FDI incentive Preferences of MNE's", Journal of International Business Studies, Second Quarter 1993, (co-authored).

"An Agenda for Research Linking Information Systems and International Business: Theory, Methodology and Application", Journal of Global Information Management, Winter 1993, (with P. Candace Deans).

"Managers' View on Potential Investment Opportunities", Business Horizons, July-Aug., 1993, co-authored.

"Achieving Global Competitive Advantage Through Information Technology", Competitiveness Review, Fall 1992., (with P. Candace Deans).

"Identification of Key International Information Systems Issues in U.S. Based Multinational Corporations", Journal of Management Information Systems, Spring 1991, (co-authored).

"Globalization versus Regionalization: Which is the Better Multinational Enterprise Response?" Organizational Dynamics, Winter 1991, (with Allen Morrison and Kendall Roth).

"MIS Research: A Model for Incorporating the International Dimensions", Journal of High Technology Management Research, Volume 2 (1991) Number 1 (with Candace Deans).

"Recent Development in International Management Research", Journal of Management, 1990, Vol. 16, No.2 (with Brian Toyne and Zaida Martinez).

"Objective Setting in International Business: An Empirical Analysis", International Journal of Management, March 1990 (with Kendall Roth).

"The Impact of Transborder Data Flow Regulation on Large U.S. - Based Corporations", Columbia Journal of World Business, Summer 1989 (with Michael Kane).

"Multinational Parent Companies' Influence over Human Resource Decisions of Affiliates: U.S. Firms in Mexico", Journal of International Business Studies, Fall 1989 (with Zaida Martinez).

"Is Transnational Data Flow Regulation a Problem?", Journal of International Business Studies, Fall 1988 (with Mike Kane).

"International Business Blunders: An Update", Business and Economic Review, Jan.-March 1988.

"Global Challenges and Strategies for Increasing the International Competitiveness of the U.S. Man-Made Fibers Industry", Columbia Journal of World Business, Summer 1986 (co-authored).

"Foreign Investment in the U.S.: 1974-1984", Journal of International Business Studies, Fall 1986 (with Jeff Arpan).

"International Business Research: Past, Present and Future", Journal of International Business Studies, Summer 1985.

"National and International Data Problems and Solutions in the Empirical Analysis of Intraindustry Direct Foreign Investment". one of six papers accepted for publication by the National Science Foundation in Multinationals as Mutual Invaders: Intraindustry Direct Foreign Investment, Croom Helm Ltd., (with Vukmanic and Czinkota), 1985.

"Blunders in International Marketing: Fact or Fiction", Long Range Planning, February 1984 (with Mahajan).

"The International Competitiveness of the U.S. Textile Mill Products Industry: Corporate Strategies for the Future", Journal of International Business Studies, Winter 1984 (co-authored).

"How to Avoid Business Blunders Abroad", Business, April-June 1984. Reprinted in Andrus, Norvell and Gogumalla's International Marketing Management, Colonial Press, 1988 and elsewhere.

"The Man-Made Fibers Industry; What Kind of Future", Business and Economic Review, January 1984 (co-authored).

"The U.S. Textile Mill Products Industry: Future Challenges and Strategies", Bobbin, January 1983. Translated into Japanese in Monthly Review, Textile Rationalization Agency, Tokyo, February 1983 (co-authored).

"The Future of Foreign Direct Investment in the United States", in The Regulation of Foreign Direct Investment in Canada and the United States, BYU Press, 1983.

"The Use of a Multi-Measurement Approach in the Determination of Company Export Priorities", Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science, Summer 1983 (with Czinkota).

"Products that Crashed into the Language Barrier", Business and Society Review, Spring 1983.

"Corporate Strategy Recommendations to Enhance the International Competitiveness of the United States Textile Mill Products Industry", Business and Economic Review, December 1982 (with Toyne, Arpan and Shrimp).

"The Impact of Foreign Direct Investment in Spartanburg", Business and Economic Review, December 1982.

"Business Blunders: Names", The Exporter, October 1982.

"Business Blunders: Innocents Abroad", The Exporter, June 1982.

"Investments and Disinvestment Policies of MNC's in Europe: A Review", Southern Economic Journal, January 1982.

"The AACSB Standard for International Business and the Ohio State University Response: A Continuing Saga", published in Case Studies of Internationalization of the Business School Curriculum, Lee Nehrt, Editor, AACSB, October 1981.

"Motives of Non-American Firms Investing in the U.S.", Journal of International Business Studies, Winter 1981 (with Raid Ajami). An abstract of this article was published in the International Executive, Spring/Summer 1982.

"Export Assistance: Are We Supporting the Best Programs", Columbia Journal of World Business, Summer 1981 (with Michael Czinkota). An abstract of this article was published in the Journal of Marketing, Winter 1983.

"Foreign Direct Investment in the U.S.: The State is Knowledge in Research", Journal of International Business Studies, Spring/Summer 1981 (with Arpan and Flowers). Reprinted in Dymsza and Vambery's International Business Knowledge, Praeger 1987.

"Capital Budgeting for Multinational Firms: A Theoretical Analysis", Southern Economic Journal, January 1981 (with Hany Shawky).

"The Great American Disadvantage: Fact or Fiction--A Note", Journal of International Business Studies, Fall 1980 (with Czinkota and DeJesus).

"Restrictions on Foreign Ownership of U.S. Real Estate", Real Estate Review, Spring 1980 (with Ronald Racster).

"International Investment in Real Estate: A Comparative Analysis of Restrictive Policies", Research Report No. 7, Center for Real Estate Education and Research, Ohio State University, October 1979 (with Ronald Racster).

"Foreign Direct Investment in the U.S.: 1975-1979", Journal of International Business Studies, Winter 1979 (co-authored with Jeffrey Arpan).

"International Business: An Examination of the Corporate Viewpoint", Journal of International Business Studies, Fall 1979 (co-authored iwth Michael Czinkota).

"Job Security in the Foreign Owned Firm", Business Horizons, February 1978 (co-authored with Anthony Campagna).

"International Financial Management--A Survey of Research Trends and an Annotated Bibliography", (editor), Journal of Financial Education, Fall 1977.

"Foreign Banking in the United States", Business Horizons, February 1976 (co-authored with Jeffrey S. Arpan). Reprinted in Banker's Viewpoint, Spring 1976, pp. 22-26. Also reprinted in U.S. Treasury Papers.

"How U.S. Multinationals Finance Foreign Operations", Bulletin of Business Research, May 1976 (co-authored with Philip Wettersten).

"Foreign Manufacturing in the U.S.: No Longer a Silent Invasion", Multinational Firm Strategies, Vol. 1 Richard N. Farmer, Editor, Indiana University Bureau of Business Research, 1975 (with Jeffrey Arpan).

"Leasing: It May Be Right Abroad Even When It Is Not at Home", Journal of International Business Studies, Fall 1974 (with Saeed Samiee).

"Financing East-West Trade; Remaining Problems", Bulletin of Business Research, November 1974 (co-authored with Leroy Carpenter).

"Miscues of Multinational Companies", Management International Review, 4-5, 1974 (co-authored with Jeffrey Arpan and Donald Patton). This paper was also used as the primary source for the article "Learning from Blunders Made in International Business", Bulletin of Business Research, July 1974.

"Foreign Direct Investment in the U.S., Journal of International Business Studies, Spring 1974 (co-authored with Jeffrey S. Arpan).

"Large Foreign Investments Here Found Beneficial in New Study", New York Times, Sunday, March 31, 1974, p.B-14 (carried on wire service) (with Jeffrey Arpan).

"Pitfalls in Advertising Oversees", Journal of Advertising Research , December 1974 (co-authored with Jeffrey Arpan and Marilyn Fu). Reprinted in Dunn and Lorimar's International Marketing and Advertising, Grid, Inc., 1979. Also reprinted in Baker, Ryans and Howard's International Business Classics, Lexington Books, 1988.

"An Annotated Bibliography for International Finance", Journal of Financial Education, Fall 1973, pp. 92-108.

"Capital Budgeting Problems in Companies with Internationally Distributed Investments", Atlanta Economic Review, December 1973 (co-authored with Stan Jewell).

"International Monetary Reserves and Devaluations: Is There a Forecastable Relationship?", Journal of Business, December 1972.

"International Business Blunders", in the Academy of Management Journal's Proceedings Issue, 1972 (co-authored with Jeffrey Arpan and Donald Patton).

"A Re-Examination of the Relative Strength Concept", the Journal of Business Studies, Spring 1972.

"Joint Efforts Programs: A Proposal for Integration of International and Functional Concepts", Fall 1971, Journal of International Business Studies, (co-authored with Thomas Dunfee).



School Administrative Activities

Director of International Business Programs, UM-St. Louis, 1999-present

Co-chair, International Business Advisory Board, UM-St. Louis, 2002-present

Vice President for Academic Affairs, Thunderbird, 1992-1994. Responsible for curriculum, faculty, university relations, overseas programs, accreditation, the library and the computer services. Also coordinated the development and implementation of the school's strategic plan.

Director, Thunderbird National Center for International Business Education and Research (CIBER), 1993-1996.

Chairperson, Executive Faculty Committee for the Master of International Business (MIBS) program, 1990-1991. Acting Director, MIBS program, University of South Carolina (USC), 1990.

Creator and Director, Faculty Development in International Business Programs, (USC) 1989-1992.

Director, Ph.D. Program in International Business (USC), 1981-1990.

Chairperson, Doctoral Oversight Commission, College of Business (USC), 1986-1988.

Chairperson, International Business Program (Ohio State University), 1977-1981.

Chairperson, College Senate (Ohio State University), 1977-1978.

International Business Study Tour Leader (University of Missouri-St. Louis), 2002

International Business Study Tour Leader (Ohio State University), 1972.

AACSB Activities

Member, National Committee on International Business Education, 1978-1981.

Finance Workshop Leader, 1978, 1979, 1980, 1982, and 1983 (taught finance faculty the international dimensions of corporate finance).

Coordinator, all international finance workshops, 1979.

Midwest Regional Coordinator, international business workshops, 1979.

Workshop leader to teach international business concepts to faculty members at many universities.

Worked with the University of Chile to help develop a program in international business, 1981.

Spoke at the Latin American business school dean's conference, Columbia, South America, 1980.

Academy of International Business Activities

Editor-in-Chief, Journal of International Business Studies, 1984-1992.

Treasurer, 1981-1983.

Midwest Regional Chairperson, 1981.

Member of the National Program Committee, 1976 and 1977.

Served on the Ph.D. dissertation award selection committee, 1976 and 1977.

Member of the Constitution Committee, 1976-1977.

Academy of Management Activities

Chair, International Management Division, 1988-1989.

Member, International Programs Committee, 1988-1989 and 1992-2000.

Co-Chair, Junior Faculty Workshop, International Management Division, 1988.

Program-Chair, International Management Division, 1986-1987.

Member, Program Committee, International Management Division, 1983.

Other Editor and Reviewer Activities

Editor-in-Chief, Journal of International Management, 1995-1997.

Consulting Editor, Journal of International Business Studies, 1993-1995.

Consulting Editor, International Dimensions of Business Series, South-Western Publishing Company, 1978-present.

Member, Editorial Review Board for the following journals:

Ad-hoc reviewer for many additional journals including the Journal of Marketing, the Academy of Management Journal, the Academy of Management Review and the Strategic Management Journal.

Previously, served on the editorial boards for the Journal of Business Research, Essays in International Business, Journal of International Marketing and the International Executive.

Member of the General Advisory Board for the Haworth Press.

Reviewer of manuscripts and prospectus for most academic book publishers including Prentice-Hall, Irwin, McGraw-Hill, Addison-Wesley, Grid, Business Publications and PWS-Kent Publishing.

Reviewer, requests to U.S. Department of Education for grants to universities.

Other Professional Experiences

Consultant for IBM, Mead Packaging, Mobay Chemical and West Point Pepperell.

Fellow, National Center for Export-Import Studies, 1983-1993.

Presented many papers and discussed others at conferences around the world, 1970-present.

Guest speaker on several television and radio talk shows and at many community service organizations to discuss international business blunders.

Member, Ohio State University Senate and its Program Committee, 1979-1981.

Lived and traveled in many parts of the world.


Selected by Thunderbird's Faculty Senate as the school's top researcher, 1997.

Identified as the most prolific author in the Journal of International Business Studies for the past 25 years, 1994.

Elected a Fellow of the Academy of International Business, 1992.

Listed in Who's Who in the World, 1988-present.

Listed in Who's Who in America, 1998-present.

Selected to be the Wilbur S. Smith Distinguished Faculty Fellow at the University of South Carolina, 1988-1992.

Ranked 5th Most Prolific International Business Researcher during the 1980's.

USC Business Partnership Foundation Award recipient, 1984-1992.

Selected as a Research Fellow by the USC Business Partnership Foundation, 1982.

Featured in a Wall Street Journal article for research on international business problems, March 13,1981.

Interviewed on the Today Show about international business problems, November 12, 1980.

Invited to testify before U.S. House of Representatives' Foreign Affairs Subcommittee on Foreign Economic Policy, February 21, 1974.

Recipient, U.S. National Defense Education Act (Title IV) Fellowships, 1966-1970.