In the social production of their existence, men inevitably enter into definite relations, which are independent of their will, namely relations of production appropriate to a given stage in the development of their material forces of production. The totality of these relations of production constitutes the economic structure of society, the real foundation, on which arises a legal and political superstructure and to which correspond definite forms of social consciousness. The mode of production of material life conditions the general process of social, political and intellectual life. It is not the consciousness of men that determines their existence, but their social existence that determines their consciousness.

Marx, Preface to A Contribution to the Critique of Political Economy (1859)


                                      Texts                                                                                                                   Clips and Cartoons

Terry Eagleton on Base and Superstructure                                                                        Monty Python on class struggle

                                                                                                                                                 Captain Picard on Base and Superstructure

Williams on “the full range of human practice”                                                                            Socialist realism in action: Doonesbury

Althusser on Ideological State Apparatuses                                                                                    Ideological State Apparatuses: The Matrix

(Ideology in Action: Althusser 2)                                                                                           Ideology in action: Dilbert                                          

Interpellation in action? (2)  (3)?                                                                                           Interpellation in action: Minority Report

Interpellation in action, Anglo-Saxon style

The Educational ISA?


Some New Historicism-related links                                                                                      Containment and Subversion: The Matrix Reloaded