Open Pedagogy



One of the great benefits of open educational resources is their adaptability to an open pedagogy. Open pedagogy refers to "an access-oriented commitment to learner-driven education." It is also a process of designing architectures and using tools for learning that enable students to shape the public knowledge commons of which they are a part. Open pedagogy can include creating, adapting, or updating OER with students, building course policies, outcomes, assignments, rubrics, and schedules of work collaboratively with students, or facilitating student-created and student-controlled learning environments."

A definition of open pedagogy should refer to the processes by which we make knowledge. The Open Pedagogy Notebook describes it as "a site of praxis, a place where theories about learning, teaching, technology, and social justice enter into a conversation with each other and inform the development of educational practices and structures."

For more, read the rest of the OPN "manifesto," or check out examples of open pedagogy in action. You can also visit the Tacoma Community College faculty guide to open pedagogy, which includes a useful "Spectrum to Open Practice"; the University of Texas - Arlington library also provides an introduction to open pedagogy as a concept, as well as some nice student examples.

A (2013) article posted on David Wiley's blog details many of the essential features of open pedagogy, or "how OER or openness more generally changes the practice of education."
Wiley offers, in a 2017 follow-up post, his updated view on how "open pedagogy" might apply to practices and attitudes that have been around for many years.
A (2017) article posted by UMKC OER Lead Scott Curtis offers an intellectual history of the term. These articles and many others can also be found in the Learning Library.


Open Education Case Studies


Cal State Fullerton put together a "self-paced tutorial" entitled Introduction to Open Educational Resources (OER) to "...analyze the cost of education and student success and alternatives to costly educational materials and textbooks."

The five-module course covers the very basics of OER, defining open-educational resources and how to find them, and examining the ins and outs of copyrights. The course includes multiple assessments, flashcards to test knowledge, and some additional resources to help participants find OER.

(To view the course, select "Sign in as guest.")

The logo for California State Fullerton's Open Education Initiative

The University of Hawai'i - Manoa's OER page details the specifics of OER and low-cost material resources at Manoa, and includes an extensive list of courses that offer textbooks at zero-cost. They include ways to find OER, and information on their campus-specific program to encourage the creation of low-cost course materials.

The UH program has delivered many university-developed open materials made through their OER initiative:

A crucial part of supporting OER adoption at the University of Hawai'i is empowering individual faculty and staff to work with OER. This page includes tutorials, write-ups, and information about free and open source software tools we are using to create together. The Web has made it possible for individuals to publish and share their work with the world. We believe that technology infrastructure is essential for 'many [OER] flowers to bloom,' and that openness in terms of content, code, and process is a driver of change.

The logo for the University of Hawai'i Manoa's Open Education initiative

The University of Illinois - Urbana Champaign's OER LibGuide page offers a great deal of useful information on why OER represents a compelling pedagogical approach; tips and places to find OER materials; how to evaluate and how to remix resources; and effective communication of the value of open educational resources. Their guide is meant to "provide instructors [with] a basic understanding of Open Educational Resources (OER), including how to find, evaluate, use, and adapt OER materials for their own curriculum."

The logo for the University of Illinois Urbana Champaign's Open Education initiative

Now in its tenth cycle, the Open Education Initiative has generated a total savings of over $1.8 million for students in classes that utilize open educational resources or free library material.
The Open Education Initiative at UMass Amherst aims to: encourage the development of alternatives to high-cost textbooks by supporting the adoption, adaptation, or creation of Open Educational Resources (OER)provide support to faculty to implement these approacheslower the cost of college for students in order to contribute to their retention, progression, and graduation; and encourage faculty to engage in new pedagogical models for classroom instruction.

The University of Massachusetts - Amherst OER website includes several resources related to open education advocacy, and includes direct links to several tools and repositories to create or adopt/adapt open educational resources; these include textbooks and multimedia materials, as well as lectures and more sophisticated coursewares.

The logo of the University of Massachusetts - Amherst's Open Education Initiative

The logo for the University of Wyoming's Open Education initiativeThe University of Wyoming's OER initiative largely revolves around their grant program, and have put together a great basics of OER presentation available on their LibGuide:

"The basics of OER"