In 1974, the Coalition and the Utility Consumers' Council of Missouri petitioned the Atomic Energy Commission to refuse a construction permit to the Union Electric Company for the two nuclear power plants in Callaway County. The groups contended that the plants were unsafe, unnecessary, and too expensive. When the Public Service Commission gave Union Electric permission to build the plant in 1975, the Coalition called for a moratorium on construction of all nuclear plants.
The Coalition also opposed Union Electric's 1975 request to the Missouri Public Service Commission for a rate-hike to finance the construction of the Callaway County plants. After the Commission granted the rate hike, the Coalition initiated a petition drive to give voters an opportunity to overrule the Commission. The initiative became known as Proposition 1, a bill which would have prohibited charging Union Electric customers for construction-work-in- progress. (See: Missouri Association of Community Organizations for Reform Now [ACORN], collection #40; Committee For Environmental Information, collection #69; Crawdad Alliance,collection #97; Missouri Citizens' Action Records, collection #158; Electric Ratepayers' Protection Project, collection #200; Alberta Slavin papers, collection #392; Citizens for Reformed Electric Rates, collection #423; and the Sierra Club, collection #423).
In 1975, the Coalition held public meetings with residents of Carondelet-Lemay in South St. Louis to discuss the health implications of highlevels of air pollution in the area. During the 1970s, the Missouri Air Conservation Commission held public hearings to approve industrial compliance schedules meeting the requirements of the Clean Air Act of 1970. The Commission also heard testimony from industries requesting a variance in the air pollution standards, and/or an extension of the deadline for complying with these standards. These industries included Union Electric, Missouri Portland Cement, and National Lead Industries in South St. Louis. Congress amended the Clean Air Act of 1970 in 1977, making penalties more severe for those companies not complying with air pollution standards. To make the public more aware of air pollution in St. Louis, the Coalition designated the last week of September "Clean Air Action Week." The Coalition presented lectures and distributed leaflets at area shopping centers on what citizens could do about air pollution. The Coalition also asked the state to strengthen emission standards for the Carondelet-Lemay area.
In 1977, the Coalition asked National Lead Industries to submit an air emission program or shut down its plant. In the fall of 1977, pollution levels in the Carondelet-Lemay area reached the yellow alert level designated by the Missouri State Implementation Plan and the EPA. This required five industries in the area, including National Lead, Cities Service Company, Great Lakes Carbon Corporation, and the Metropolitan Sewer District, to reduce emissions by twenty-five percent. St. Louis County ordered National Lead Industries' plant to shut down for a day on October 25. National Lead permanently shut down one of its eleven boilers on October 28, 1977. Unable to afford the installation of air pollution equipment, National Lead eventually shut down all operations in 1984.
The Coalition received a grant from the National Clean Air Coalition in 1978 to conduct Clean Air Workshops in St. Louis and Eastern Missouri. The workshops equipped citizens to participate in the revision of the state's air pollution implementation plans. Groups targeted for participation included businesspersons, minorities, government officials, labor unions, health, environmental, and farm groups, senior citizens, and the tourist industry.
The Coalition continued to monitor the constuction and operating procedures at the Callaway County nuclear power plant. It also continued its involvement in legal proceedings to force the Nuclear Regulatory Commission to establish strict regulations concerning the operation of all nuclear power plants.
SCOPE AND CONTENT
The collection is divided into five series: 1) Air Pollution, 1969-1980; 2) Callaway County Nuclear Power Plant, 1974-1984; 3) Conservation Groups, 1973-1976; 4) Papers and Publications, 1968-1978; 5) Photographs, 1976-c. late 1970s.
The air pollution series documents the efforts of St. Louis area air pollution control agencies to monitor air quality levels in the region from 1969-1980. These agencies included the St.Louis County Health Department Air Pollution Control Division, the Missouri Air Conservation Commission, and the Illinois Department of Public Health Air Pollution Control Division.
Major industrial polluters in the St. Louis area included Missouri Portland Cement Company, National Lead Industries, and Union Electric Company. The series also documents these companies' requests for relaxation of the air pollution regulations required by the National Clean Air Act of 1970 and its 1977 amendments.
The Coalition's intervention in these variance requests, as well as their efforts to educate the public regarding the health hazards of air pollution are also documented.
The air pollution series and the Callaway County Nuclear Power Plant series constitute the bulk of the collection. The Callaway County Nuclear Power Plant series documents the Coali- tion's attempts to stop construction of these nuclear power plants. The series includes legal documents, testimony of witnesses before the Atomic Safety and Licensing Board, construction regulations from the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, and the NRC's safety evaluations of the plant.
The conservation groups series includes information on ADAHI and STREAM, outdoor education groups in Missouri. The series also documents the efforts of the Missouri League of Conservation Voters and "Conservationists for Carter" to recruit "environmentally responsible" candidates for public office on the local, state, and federal level.
The papers and publications series includes professional and technical papers presented at the Sixty-Third Annual Meeting of the Air Pollution Control Association, and papers reporting on the carbon-monoxide level in the St. Louis region. Also included are newsletters of the Associated Industries of Missouri dealing with air pollution and hazardous waste, and the Missouri Earth Advocate published by the Missouri Friends of the Earth.
The photograph series contains two photographs of the Callaway County Nuclear Power Plant construction site, and one of former Coalition for The Environment President, David Bedan.
SERIES 1 - AIR POLLUTION, 1969-1980, FOLDERS 1-38
Arranged alphabetically. Includes air quality statistical reports, studies, and workshop materials; Missouri Air Conservation Commission agendas, and meeting minutes. Also contains request to amend air pollution regulations, and the Coalition's petitions for intervention in these variance hearings. Also contains anti-smoking and anti-leaf burning proposed ordinances, a work place and environment questionnaire correspondence, and newsclippings.
SERIES 2 - CALLAWAY COUNTY NUCLEAR POWER PLANT, 1974-1984, FOLDERS 39-77.
Arranged chronologically. Contains the Coalition's petitions to intervene in Union Electric's request to build two nuclear reactors in Callaway County, Missouri. Includes testimony from witnesses for U.E., the Coalition, and the Utility Consumers' Council of Missouri. Also includes Safety Evaluation Reports, environmental and site suitablilty correspondence, and Nuclear Regulatory Commission construction regulations regarding the Callaway nuclear power plants.
SERIES 3 - CONSERVATION GROUPS, 1973-1976, FOLDERS 78-83
Arranged alphabetically. Contains proposed conservation resolutions concerning wilderness areas and waterways; outdoor education program proposals and brochures; and resumes for conseravtion positions within the Carter administration. Includes correspondence, memos and meeting agendas of the Conservation Federation of Missouri, a newsletter from the Missouri Chapter of Nature Conservancy, and correspondence from the Missouri League of Conservation Voters.
SERIES 4 - PAPERS AND PUBLICATIONS, 1968-1978, FOLDERS 84-89
Arranged alphabetically by title and/or originator of publication. Includes papers on air pollution presented at the Sixty-Third Annual Meeting of the Air Pollution Control Association, and reports on St. Louis air quality. Also includes newsletters of the Associated Industries of Missouri, and the Missouri Friends of the Earth.
SERIES 5 - PHOTOGRAPHS, 1976-c. late 1970s, FOLDER 90, #s 8146-8147,10564
Arranged chronologically. Contains photographs of the cons-truction site of the Callaway County nuclear power plants, and former Coalition for the Environment president, David Bedan.
BOX 1, FOLDERS 1-18
SERIES 1 - AIR POLLUTION, 1969-1980, FOLDERS 1-88 1. Air Pollution Control Program Funding Request, 1978
2. Air Pollution Technical Coordinating Committee for St. Louis reports on Air Quality, 1969
3. Air Quality Program Budget, 1979
4. Clean Air Act Amendments - Classification of Regions, 1977
5. Clean Air Act Amendment Correspondence, 1975-1976
6. Clean Air Act Section 321, 1978
7. Air Quality Workshops, Feb-May, 1978
8. Air Quality Workshops, June-July, 1978
9. Air Quality Workshops, Sept-Dec., 1978
10. Harvard Air Quality and Lung Health Study, 1975
11. Leaf Burning Ban, 1969, 1970, 1974
12. Missouri Air Conservation Commission - Meeting Agendas, Memos, Newsclippings, 1974-1975
13. Missouri Air Conservation Commission - Sulphur Dioxide Regulations, Mar.-Dec. 1976
14. Missouri Air Conservation Commission - Hearing on Union Electric's request to amend S02 Regulations, Dec. 14, 1976
15. Missouri Air Conservation Commission - Meeting Agendas, Memos, Correspondence, Newsclippings, Union Electric's Application for 10 CSR Variance, 1977
16. Missouri Air Conservation Commission - Meeting Agendas, Memos, Correspondence re Intervention in U.E.'s Variance Request, Jan.-May 1978
17. Missouri Air Conservation Commission - Petitions, for Intervention in U.E.'s 10 CSR Variance Request, June 1978
18. Missouri Air Conservation Commission - Meeting Agendas, Corrrespondence, Proposed Rules, June 1978-May 1978
BOX 2, FOLDERS 19-30
19. Missouri Portland Cement Company - Memos, Questionnaires, Flyers, Meeting Notices, Correspondence, Reports, 1974-1976
20. Missouri Portland Cement Company - Dust Emissions Test Data, 1976-1977
21. Missouri Portland Cement Company - Memos, Correspondence, Reports, 1977-1978
22. Missouri Portland Cement Company - Petitions for SO2 Variance before the St. Louis County Appeals Board, 1977
23. National Lead Company, South St. Louis -Correspondence, Memos, Air Quality Data, 1969-1974
24. National Lead Company, South St. Louis - Correspondence, Memos, Notes, Air Quality Data, Legal Documents, 1/75 - 1/76
25. National Lead Company, South St. Louis - Double Helix video log, Feb.-Mar. 1976
26. National Lead Company, South St. Louis - Stack Emissions Test Data, March 23, 1976
27. National Lead Company, South St. Louis - Hot Spot Study, Notes, Correspondence, Apr.-Dec. 1976
28. National Lead Company, South St. Louis - Stack Emission Test Data, April 1977
29. National Lead Company, South St. Louis -Operating Permit, Correspondence, Legal Documents, Memos, June-Sept. 1977
30. National Lead Company, South St. Louis - Legal Documents, History of N.L., Oct. 1977-May 1978
BOX 3, FOLDERS 31-44
31. Newsclippings - General, 1965-1970
32. Newsclippings - General, 1971-1976
33. Newsclippings - General, 1977-1978
34. St. Louis CHESS Program (Community Health and Environmental Surveillance Systems), 1972-1973
35. St. Louis County Air Appeals Board - Memos, Meeting Minutes, Newsclippings, 1977-1978
36. Smoking Ordinance, 1975-1976
37. Testimony of Ben Senturia before the President's Air Quality Advisory Board, March 29, 1973
38. Workplace and Environment Questionnaire, 1980
SERIES 2 - CALLAWAY COUNTY NUCLEAR POWER PLANT, 1974-1984, FOLDERS 39-77
39. Coalition for the Environment's Petition to Intervene, July 1974
40. Testimony of Witnesses for Union Electric at pre-hearing, Sept. 3, 1974
41. Testimony of Witnesses for Utility Consumers' Council of Missouri at pre-hearing, Sept. 3, 1974
42. Atomic Safety and Licensing Board Pre-hearing Conference (Jan. 16, 1975) for Callaway Plant, Dec. 3, 1974 - Jan. 14, 1975
43. Atomic Safety and Licensing Board Pre-hearing Conference (Jan. 16, 1975) for Callaway Plant, Jan. 17-Jan. 27, 1975
44. Evidentiary Hearing (Apr. 30, 1975) for Construction Permit, Jan. 30-May 1975
BOX 4, FOLDERS 45-53
45. Union Electric Report on Residential Commercial and Industrial Demand for Electricity (Sections I - VI), March 1975
46. Union Electric Report on Residential Commercial and Industrial Demand for Electricity (Appendix) March 1975
47. Environmental and Site Suitability Determinations, Correspondence and Legal Decisions, July 29-Aug. 8, 1975
48. Joint Intervenors Exceptions to 8/8/75 Decisions and U.E.'s Brief in Opposition to Exceptions, c. Aug. 10- Oct. 3, 1975
49. Safety Evaluation Report of Callaway Plant Units 1 and 2, Nov. 1975
50. Evidentiary Session before Atomic Safety and Licensing Board (pp. 2644-2766), Dec. 11, 1975
51. Evidentiary Session before Atomic Safety and Licensing Board (pp. 2767-2916), Dec. 11, 1975
52. Evidentiary Session before Atomic Safety and Licensing Board (pp. 2917-3006), Dec. 12, 1975
53. Evidentiary Session before Atomic Safety and Licensing Board (pp. 3007-3088), Dec. 12, 1975
BOX 5, FOLDERS 54-66
54. Evidentiary Session before Atomic Safety and Licensing Board (pp. 3089-3191), Dec. 12, 1975
55. Safety Evaluation Report of Callaway Plant Units 1 and 2, January 1976
56. Construction Permit - Findings of Fact and Conclusions of Law, 1/12/76
57. Callaway Plant Units 1 and 2, Procedure for Detailed Mapping of Excavations, 1/19/76
58. Supplemental Testimony of NRC on Evaluation of Liquid and Gaseous Effluents at Plant Units 1 and 2, Jan. 23, 1976
59. Joint Intervenors' Motion for Reimbursement of Expenses and for Counsel Fees, c. Jan. 1976
60. Atomic Safety and Licensing Board - Testimony re Firm Fuel Supply and Delivery, Feb. 1976
61. Construction Permit - Initial Decision, Apr. 2, 1976
62. U.E.'s Opposition to Joint Intervenors' Exception to Initial Decision re Construction Permit, and Brief in Support of Joint Intervenors' Exception to Decision, May 14, 1976
63. Motion to Suspend Construction Permit, and Applicant's Counter-motion, Aug. 25-Nov. 1976
64. Plants 1 and 2 Construction Regulations - Press Releases, Correspondence, Legal Documents, Feb. 1977-Dec. 1977
65. NRC Report of Findings of Alleged Construction Deficiencies (pp. 1-70), Feb. 15, 1978
66. NRC Report of Findings of Alleged Construction Deficiencies (pp. 70-141), Feb. 15, 1978
BOX 6, FOLDERS 67-70
67. Construction Regulations, Correspondence and Notice of Hearing, Mar.-May 1978
68. Natural Resources Defense Council Response to Order of June 7, 1978, and Response to Motions to Dismiss, July 14, 1978
69. Lloyd Harbor Study Group, Inc. vs. Nuclear Regulatory Gommission, July 21-July 28, 1978
70. Nuclear Regulatory Commission Correspondence with Union Electric re Constructions Regulations, Aug. 1978-Jan. 1979
71. Nuclear Regulatory Commission Correspondence with Union Electric re Equipment Qualification Policy, Feb. 1984
72. Nuclear Regulatory Commission Correspondence with Union Electric re Equipment Qualification Policy, March 1984
73. Nuclear Regulatory Commission Correspondence with Union Electric re Summary of Caseload Forecast Meeting (Sept. 12-14, 1983), Apr. 2, 1984
74. Nuclear Regulatory Commission Correspondence with Union Electric re Licensing Schedule, Apr. 2-Apr. 30, 1984
75. Nuclear Regulatory Commission Correspondence with Union Electric re Callaway Plant Technical Specifications, Report, May 3, 1984
76. Nuclear Regulatory Commission Correspondence with Union Electric re Requests for Additional Information, May 10-May 18, 1984
77. Safety Evaluation Report re Callaway Plant No. 1, May 1984
BOX 7, FOLDERS 78-90
SERIES 3 - CONSERVATION GROUPS, 1973-1976, FOLDERS 78-83
78. ADAHI Outward Bound School, 1975-1976
79. Conservation Federation of Missouri, 1974-1977
80. Conservationists for Carter, 1976-1977
81. The Nature Conservancy Newsletter, May 1973 and June 1974
82. Missouri League of Conservation Voters, 1976
83. St. Louis Regional Experimental Adventure Movement (STREAM), n.d.
SERIES 4 - PAPERS AND PUBLICATIONS, 1968-1978, FOLDERS 84-89
84. "A Linear Programming Model for Air Pollution Control in the St. Louis Airshed" by Robert Kohn, Washington University, 1968
85. Air Pollution Control Association, 63rd Annual Meeting, Papers, June 14-18, 1970
86. Associated Industries of Missouri, Newsletter, July-Sept. 1978, Jan. 1979
87. Center for Urban and Environmental Research and Services, Papers:
1. "Carbon Monoxide Levels In the St. Louis Region," 12/10/73
2. "Carboxyhemoglobin Sources in the Metropolitan St. Louis Population", 3/13/74
3. "Smoking and Carboxyhemoglobin in St. Louis Metropolitan Population", n.d.
88. Missouri Earth Advocate Newsletter, Jun. - July 1975
89. St. Louis Air Quality Maintenance Area, Air Pollution Reports, Sept. - Oct. 1978
SERIES 5 - PHOTOGRAPHS, c. late 1970s, FOLDER 90
90. Photographs, #8146-8147; 10,564 #8146, Callaway Plant Site: Overall view of plant area and construction facilities as of June 26, 1976
#8147, Callaway Plant Site: Work in progress within Unit 1 excavation as of September 3, 1976
#10546, David Bedan, President, Coalition for the Environment, c. late 1970s
ADAHI (see Adaptive Outward Bound Program) Adaptive Outward Bound Program , f. 78
Against Breathing Cement Dust (A.B.C.D.), f. 19-23
Air Pollution, f. 1-38, 84-89
Anti-Smoking Ordinance, f. 36
Associated Industries of Missouri, f. 86
Atomic Safety and Licensing Board, f. 39-77
Automotive Air Pollution, f. 31-33
Bedan, David E. f., 13, 82, 90
Callaway County Nuclear Power Plant, f. 39-77, 88, 90
Center For Urban and Environmental Research Services, f. 87
Clean Air Act, f. 4-9
Clean Air Action Week, f. 9
Coalition for the Environment, f. 1-90
Conservation Federation of Missouri, f. 79
Conservationists, f. 77-83
Conservationists for Carter, f. 80
Kahn, Alfred, f. 87
Leaf Burning Ban, f. 11
League of Women Voters, f. 15-18
Missouri Air Conservation Commission f. 1-38
Missouri Earth Advocate f. 88
Missouri League of Conservation Voters f. 82
Missouri Portland Cement Company f. 19-22, 31-33, 35
National Lead Industries f. 6, 23-33, 35
The Nature Conservancy (Missouri Chapter) f. 81
Noranda Aluminum Company f. 12-18
Nuclear Power f.39-77, 88, 90
Nuclear Regulatory Commission f. 55-77
St. Louis CHESS program (Community Health and Environmental Surveillance Systems) f. 34
St. Louis County Air Appeals Board f. 35
St. Louis Regional Experiential Adventure Movement (STREAM) f.83
Senturia, Ben f. 12-18, 31-33, 37
Sierra Club f. 7-9
South Carondelet Action Group f. 33
Sulphur Dioxide f. 1-77
Traffic Control f. 31-33
Union Electric Company f. 12-18, 23-35, 37, 39-77, 88, 89
Utility Consumers' Council of Missouri (U.C.C.M.) f. 39-77
STATE HISTORICAL SOCIETY OF MISSOURI RESEARCH CENTER-ST. LOUIS
222 THOMAS JEFFERSON LIBRARY
UNIVERSITY OF MISSOURI-ST. LOUIS
ONE UNIVERSITY BOULEVARD
ST. LOUIS, MO 63121