Information Systems College of Business Administration University of Missouri - St. Louis

The World Wide Web

Web site has a lot of advantages against other tools to help professors to teach their classes easier and more productive.  With todayís technology been improve daily, universities are doing their shares of improvement to their classrooms with high speed computers for students to access, and provide professors with computer of their own to show PowerPoint slides, web assignments, and many other usage.  The old ways of teaching class with black board, and handing papers are over.

Now let's discuss six main questions that most professors have puzzle with:


1) Why do I use it? 

Use of IT for teaching in the 21st Century will increase. Students begin to expect it. It saves time in the long run - only one copy of each document. This is less photocopying and cheap. 
The following lists are the reasons for using the web:
  • To deliver course materials: Makes materials available independent of time and place. It also helps structure student interaction with materials and allows for constant updating.

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  • To use online resources: Provides up-to-date resources. Students could locate hard to find primary data and the web supports a breadth of resources.

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  • To expand the classroom: Enables greater interaction between faculty and students or students and students. The using of web could foster critical thinking.

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  • To support a variety of learning styles: The using of web could tap into several senses and give student control over pacing. It also provides interactivity and active learning.

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  • To provide a broad audience for student work: The using of web displays student work beyond the classroom. This encourages studentís participation in scholarly community and ensures standards and responsibilities are taken seriously.

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  • To develop ďinformation ageĒ skills: By using the web could promotes network literacy. This makes students more employable and empowers students by teaching them to find, evaluate, and use networked resources.

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  • To get vast information: The resources on the Internet far exceed what is available in our media center.

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  • To appealing to students: Students do not tend to view the Internet searches as "work" but more of a game. This could encourage students to learn more from the web.

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  • To attract students: Students seem to be impressed or entertained by the graphics, sounds, animations and colorful nature of web sites and are unmotivated to seek the same information from a text source.

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  • To get research results fast and conveniently: The Internet seems to yield search results much faster than book-based investigations. We donít have a media center in the school. However the Internet gives us access to the same global library as richer schools. From the rich and reliable web sites, we could see the results from the things and find useful information which could be used in the classroom.


2) How do I use it?

Web site is a very useful tool to save time, money, and increase teaching efficiency with faster speed for professors.  Web site can have anything professor desires, and itís totally save for students to access.  It can have class syllabus, homework assignments, daily announcement, class materials, PowerPoint slides, past (sample) exams, hot links about the class materials from online for students to access seven days a week with 24 hours a day.  Students receive information faster than copy from the black board, and save money and paper from print things.

3) Options

There are options as to how to compose web pages.  The two ways to compose a web page are by using a tool or using a text editor such as notepad to code the HTML.  If you use a text editor you will need to save the file with a htm or html extension.  For the beginner using a tool is the easiest way to make a page.  The tool writes the HTML code for you and automatically saves the file with a htm or html extension, however many people believe you can get greater design control of your web page by coding it directly with HTML.  Many tools give a person the option to combine both methods by allowing you to edit the HTML code created by the tool. 

Once you have created your page or file you will need to publish it to the web.  That means you need to find a server to store your page and make it accessible on the World Wide Web.  Perhaps the most convenient server to use is the UMSL server which is provided free to students, faculty and staff.  As a member of one of those groups you may already have an account created for you.  If you do not know whether or not you have an account contact Technology Support Center and they can let you know.  If you need an account first you should apply for a Unix account.  That is where you need to store your htm or html files in order to view them through your account on the web. 

Once you have established your Unix account you have two main options regarding how to get your files there.  Your first option is to use Admiral to ftp your files into your Unix account.  That can be found through the start menu then Programs then The Internet then WS_FTP LE 5.08.  The other option is by using a program called Samba.  Samba allows you to map directly to your Unix account in order to store your web page files.  That means you can create a drive on your computer that saves directly to Unix.  That is a nice feature because it eliminates the time it takes to use ftp.  You will need to create a Samba account.  For more information about Samba click here

4) Suggestions for web users
 

The following are some suggestions for web user to create the web pages.
  •  Create your page for your audience.

  • It is important to keep in mind whom your audience is, and that you understand what type of connection and browser they will be using. Ask yourself:

    Is this something of interest to students? 
    Is this something that is of interest to faculty? 
    Is this something of interest to UMSL staff? 
    Is everyone your audience? 

    If your audience is primarily students, don't create something that is so graphic-intensive that their connections make it impractical to view this information (students typically have lower speed modems, etc). On the other hand, if you have a smaller more select audience, and you know that their connections and browsers will support advanced features, you can incorporate these into your document.

  •  Write each page of the document so that it can stand alone.

  • When you write a web document you need to write each page so that it stands alone. This means that each page should make sense all on its own and not have to rely on other pages. The reason for this is that you never know how someone will be connecting to your document. And you want them to understand what you're trying to say without having to move up or down through other pages to figure it out.
  •  The following items should be in your homepage: Header, e-mail address for a contact person, Copyright information, and the last time the page was updated, a link back to the home pages, and make sure you have a title.

  • In the world of the Web, people may access your information from anywhere. You might have a nice home page to act as a front door to your information, but someone creating a web page in anywhere may point directly to one of your side pages because they think its relevant to what they're doing. Be sure to provide a convenient Back To Your Home Page link at the bottom of each page you create. That way they'll be able to get the rest of your information without having to guess what your URL may be.
  •  Organize the information in your web page so that your audience can scan through it.

  • Web pages give us an opportunity to explore new ways of presenting information. Taking advantage of the technology available, we can show things differently than we can in a traditional printed document. To do this advantageously, we have to think carefully about who our audience is and what the individuals in it will want to see. Then we can decide on appropriate links to jump in and out of and things like graphics. The audience will want specific information and may not be willing to scroll through a complete document looking for it. The organization of the information should appear simple and self-explanatory to members of our audience. Too many complications may confuse some users and they are not as familiar with the content of the web page as its creators.
     
  •  Make sure you spell check and proof read your documents.

  • Word processing programs and other software have spell check features. Use them. Also proof read or have someone else proof read your documents because the spell check programs do not catch everything, such as obscure meanings or improper punctuation and capitalization. Typos of any sort can cast doubt on the credibility of the material. Appearances do matter. Also beware of specialized word processing features such as "smart quotes" that may not translate well.
     
  •  Provide text with your images to accommodate users with text-only browsers or web-readers.

  • Not everyone surfing the Web is able to use a graphical browser like Netscape or Internet Explorer. Due to networking limitations, some people are restricted to a text-only browser like Lynx. Other users are visually impaired and depend on browsers that read the web page to surf the Web. These users cannot view your pictures, or follow links that you have embedded in clickable images. If you create your page entirely of graphics, these users see nothing and can go no farther into your web site. So please try to remember and accommodate those who are interested in your information but are graphically challenged.
  •  What types of graphics will convey your message?

  • Using Graphics in your web page can enhance your page and make your information easier to understand. However, you should be careful to not to make your page too busy by adding too many graphics. If the page is too cluttered, your information will get lost. You also need to be careful when choosing the size of your graphic. Make sure that the images download in a short time or your users will get tired of waiting and leave your web site. Also be cautious of linking to a graphic at another site. If the directories change or their server goes down - - you will no longer have the graphic on your page. 
  •  Be sure to test your web page on both Internet Explorer and Netscape browsers and have different people look at it.

  • Once you have created the Web page you should test the page using different Web browsers. This is important because a page that looks very good using Netscape could be unreadable using Internet Explorer. You should check your page using both Internet Explorer and Netscape before uploading to the public html files.


5) How do I get materials there?

There are two ways you can use to put things up on the Web.  However, before you can use either one of them, you must have a valid UMSL UNIX account.  The first way is using FTP, a program that transfers files from the hard drive or floppy disk into your school admiral account, and goes under the public_html directory.  After you done that, open your admiral account by QVT, go to public_html directory (cd public_html) from your account directory, then type command (chmod 644 filename.html), this way it changes the fileís access mode, it allows others to view your Web site from any where by using the Internet.  They wonít be able to either change or write and save anything to your Web site. 

To begin the FTP session, start the FTP software. It will probably default to a box that allows you to connect, such as the one below. In this screen, it does not matter what you name the profile. However the Host Name must be admiral.umsl.edu and the User id must be s plus your student id number. It should appear similarly to the one below. 

If you connect (and you have not told it to do otherwise in your profile), you will be at the root directory. You will probably have only two subdirectories, "Mail" and "public_html" but it should look like the screen below.

Double Click on the directory, "public_html". If you are successful, then you should see it named in the top section under "remote system" on the right side. Below, you will see that I have moved not only to the public_html directory, but also to a subdirectory of it, labeled "480."

Highlight the file or files you want to FTP. If they are "html" files, then click on ASCII as shown in the screen above. If they are image files, click on "Binary." Once your settings and selections are correct, click on the right arrow to FTP the files to your Web account.
The second way is use Samba.  A newly developed program that school has recently installed. 

Samba Description

Samba Requirements

Change Samba Password

You can also go to Technology Support Center of UMSL to find out more about Web and as well as other related questions.

6) Resources

When creating a web page there are many resources available.  Using resources can help a person create a simple web page with only text or they can add some features to enhance the web page.  Features include forms, frames, links, email, databases, scrolling text, graphics, image maps, background sounds, blinking text, and a myriad of thing you can do with JavaScript.  Also there are a wide variety of font types, colors, and sizes, along with background colors and wallpaper. 

If you would like to get started composing a web page the following resources will help you.  Also you can find prewritten code in HTML and JavaScript.  Those will allow you to add unique and interesting effects to your page. 

Proper Web Page Layout and Design
HTML and Tools
eMail
Forms
Databases
Javascript
Scrolling Text
Java and HTML Scripts
Interesting Effects for Your Page
Surfing the Web
Searches
Viruses
Newsgroups and Web Rings
More Info
 
 
 

 

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