Political Science 3300, The American Presidency, April 16, 2012

 


Watergate


For a Watergate Chronology, click here
 

 

1. The Heroic President and the Limits of Power

 

 

2. The Setting: A Regime in Disarray

   

        Deep Divisions In The Nation, 1968-1969

 

        The Politics of Preemption
 

 

3. The Main Characters:

 

    Richard Nixon - An "Active-Negative" - assumes the Heroic Presidency

 

                - A self-reliant manager
 
 
    

    Nixon increasingly depended on loyalists in the White House staff, especially

   

    The H.R. Haldeman and John Ehrlichman (The Palace Guard)
 
 

 

4. The Motive: National Security Leaks
 
 

        - Spring, 1970: Student demonstrations peak

 

        - July, 1970:
            Nixon approves the "Huston plan" to expanding domestic spying.
 
 

        - June 1971: The New York Times and other papers begin publishing
           

            The Pentagon Papers (here are excerpts) leaked by Daniel Ellsberg

 

5. The Plumbers Unit

 

 

 

6. The Crime

 

 

7. The Election and the Opening Months of Nixon's second term

 

 

 

 

8. The Investigations

 

 

        A Special Prosecutor: Archibald Cox

 

 

        The Senate Watergate Committee

 

 

        The tapes

 

 

9. The "Saturday Night Massacre"

 

 

        A new special prosecutor: Leon Jaworski

 

     

10. The Supreme Court and United States v. Nixon (1974)

 

The Dispute: Nation versus Leader

 

 

 

 

 

 

11. Impeachment Hearings

 

12. The Consequences

 

 


The President and the Courts 


    1. The Political Nature of American Courts

 

        Limited, Reactive Powers

 

        A lagging indicator of Political Time

 

 

 

    2. Presidents Against the Courts

             

      

                Marbury v. Madison (1803)

 

 

                Franklin Roosevelt and the Court Packing Scheme (1937)

       

  

    3. Presidential Appointments: Changing the Courts

             

 


Presidents and Policy Leadership


 

1. Prosperity, Presidents, and Politics

 

 

2. The Politics of Monetary Policy: Expertise

 

 

3. The Politics of Fiscal Policy: Selective Benefits against General Consequences

 

 

4. The Deficit, the Debt, and the Budget

 

 

 

5. The Politics of International Economic Policy