Political Science 3300, The American Presidency, April 4, 2012
The President and Congress
Congress was conceived as the center of American national government
1. Things the President Needs to Know About Congress
A. Congress is essential for your success
It Controls Money & People
Winning reelection and serving
constituents is crucial for
C. Members of Congress take a more short-term, parochial view than a president.
D. Congress is hard to lead
E. Congress expects the president to set
the big agenda, including budgets ...
but they'll make the final decisions themselves, thank you very much.
2. How Can You Get Congress to Cooperate with You?
a. Help them win Reelection and Serve their Constituents
b. Set the agenda
c. Use the veto and the veto threat as needed
d. Be popular
e. Be from the same party the majorities represent
f. Get some help from the leaders
3. Presidential Success in Congress: The record
Different ways to score presidential success
The President and the Bureaucracy
1. Things the President Needs to Know About the Bureaucracy
a. It's big and complicated
have power because they have expertise and discretion
c. Civil Service
makes it hard to control the people who work for you
d. Bureaus have Allies
e. The Problem of Communication
f. You need the bureaucracy to succeed.
2. How have presidents tried to control the bureaucracy?
Richard Nixon's effort to use Cabinet Government
George W. Bush and the Cabinet
The Growing role of vice-presidents
The President's Bureaucracy: The Executive Office of the President
The White House Staff
The Bureau of the Budget / Office of Management and Budget
The National Security Council
Presidents Struggles to Exercise more Control
George W. Bush