Social Context of
Rule Creation and Enforcement.
ideas drawn from Goode, 1994-2008
and Pfohl, Images of Deviance and Social Control, 1985. See the disclaimer)
Focused on Causation.
Now We Focus on:
What makes a particular behavior
Why and How are the rules made?
Who makes them?
Focus is now directed towards the
social context of deviance.
- Norms as necessary, Deviance
- Focus on the consequences of behavioral
- NEEDS of the system. (Understand
behavior by relating to system needs)
- Deviance (in general) is universal
and Normal Societies
- Crime as normal and Necessary
- Functions of Deviance
- Boundary Maintenance
- Group Solidarity
- Tension Reduction
- Dysfunctions of Deviance:
- Manifest and Latent Functions
- Deviance can be either functional
- Universal forms of dysfunctional
- Incest (in general vs. specific).
Impact on social system.
- Murder (in general vs. specific)
Latent Functionality of Deviance
(condemned, but tolerated).
- Political Machines
- Drug Use
- Organized Crime
Manifest Functionality of Deviance
- Quakers: Oddness of member==>
target of group tolerance and care (central values of religion)
- Army trainees: bumbler==>
reduce tension, develop helpfulness, build unit, express feminine emotions
System tends to produce and sustain the deviant==> Prisons, The Homeless;
and subculture formation
Functionalist Perspective Displays:
- Complexity of the relationship
between deviance and conformity
- Dispels notion of pathology
- Leads to a certain appreciation
- Deviance as being a viable way
- The continuum of behavior: Not
- Deviance as part of normal society
BUT, the Functionalist perspective:
- Glosses over conflict and competing
- Doesn't ask, "Functional
- Assumes th objective reality of
Owner: Robert O. Keel firstname.lastname@example.org
Credits for this Page of Notes
Thursday, January 24, 2008 2:42 PM