12: Sociology, Schaefer, 1995-2012 See also: Michael
- Universal Feature of Human Societies
- Door Ceremony and Social Meanings
- Biological versus Sociological
(picture thanks to Michael Kearl)
- Self-Concept=> male/female
- Gender Roles: proper behavior,
attitudes and activities of males and females. Especially: Occupational.
- Identity=one's sense of self
- Role=socialization, norms
of masculinity and femininity.
Gender in USA
- Differential Treatment
- Differential Identification
- Role Models
- Mass Media
Parsons and Bales--
- Smooth and Efficient
- Fairness? Problems for those who
do not fit, masking of power relations.
- Change==> Potential for DISORDER
- Anthropological data and early
- Current Ideology--"Boys are
of resources: value of work performed
and economic roles: Social status and control of vital resources
- Economic, yet also social subjugation:
- Domestic violence
- Sexual harassment
- Change: drastic revision in social
structure- Values, Norms, Statuses, Roles and Institutions
- Conflict assumption=> desirability
and efficiency of existing system?
in the USA
- Conflict at the individual level--Male
Female conversational analysis (males interrupt, change topic, ignore female
interests and downplay female contributions: even when female staus is significant)
- Interactional styles reflect and
maintain broader patterns of inequality
- When respondents are informed
of behavior, patterns of dominance and submission become more acute.
Women and African-Americans
- Ascribed status
- Denied suffrage
- Civil rights struggle
- Menial work
- Ignored in history
Sexism and Institutional Discrimination
- Major Institutions controlled
- Roles traditionally limited: Military,
Business, Education, Medicine, Religion
- Criminal Justice: Defining and Responding to Rape
- Inequality even in egalitarian
- PLUS; exploitation of developing
nations=exploited labor of women
- Also: Even more devalued--Female
children in India, China.
Women, Work and the USA
- Steady increase this century
- 1992--58% work outside the
home (43% 1970).
- Most dramatic rise for married
women--1992: 59% (5% 1890).
- Restrictions: Sex-typing,
Ceilings, Pink-collar Ghetto, Mommy
- 1995: 48% of labor force,
BUT: 9% Engineers, 20% doctors, 21% lawyers Vs >90% secretaries and
- 90-95% top positions in business,
- "Double Jeopardy"
- Advancement is taking place, yet
often status and pay still low: Women Doctors- dominate in lower paid and
lower prestige specialties
- See update
on gender, race, ethnicity and annual income for 2004.
- Gender Wage Gap 2012 (local copy)
New Economics of Marriage
- Child Care
- Fast Food
- Marital Power
Sharing (Dads and child care: longest time father devoted to infant=10.5
minutes, average verbal interaction per day=38 seconds.
- HouseworK: 2:1, "Second Shift,"
Male's perceptions-women's work=leisure activity for men.
Choice, and Motherhood: Kristen Luker.
- Characteristics of Women
in Pro versus Anti Abortion Organizations
- Social Change and the
status of women
- Privacy and Individualism
- Social Roles and Motherhood
Owner: Robert O. Keel firstname.lastname@example.org
Credits for this Page of Notes
Saturday, October 12, 2013 12:49