Department of Sociology

http://www.umsl.edu/divisions/artscience/sociology/

Faculty

Nancy Shields, Associate Professor*, Chairperson
Ph.D., Southern Illinois University-Carbondale
George J. McCall, Professor Emeritus*
Ph.D., Harvard University
Herman W Smith, Professor Emeritus*
Ph.D., Northwestern University
Harry H. Bash, Associate Professor Emeritus*
Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania
Sarah L. Boggs, Associate Professor Emerita*
Ph.D., Washington University
Chikako Usui, Associate Professor*
Ph.D., Stanford University
Teresa J. Guess, Assistant Professor
Ph.D., University of Missouri-Columbia
Susan Tuteur, Adjunct Assistant Professor
Ph.D., University of Chicago
Robert Keel, Lecturer
M.A., Washington University
Adinah Raskas, Lecturer
M.A., Saint Louis University

*members of Graduate Faculty

The faculty prides itself on its commitment to high standards of teaching and sound scholarly research. Systematic course evaluations by students each semester are taken seriously, and individual faculty have been singled out as nominees and recipients of university Excellence in Teaching awards. The ongoing scholarly research of the faculty is reflected in the department's upper-level and graduate courses, as well as in the numerous publication credits of faculty in journals and books or presentations at national and international meetings. Information on current academic activities of the faculty is posted on the departmental Web page http://www.umsl.edu/-sociolog.

General Information

Degrees and Areas of Concentration
The sociology department offers courses leading to the B.A. in sociology and the B.S. in sociology; in cooperation with the College of Education, the B.A. in sociology with teacher certification; in cooperation with the College of Business Administration, the B.A. in sociology with a business option; and cooperative minor or certificate programs in American studies, black studies, legal studies, urban studies, religious studies, women's and gender studies, and international studies.

Students completing the B.A. or B.S. degree in sociology are well-prepared for graduate study in sociology or careers in industry, health and social services, and urban, intergroup, political, or community issues.† Since the†

sociology department also offers work leading to the M.A. degree in sociology (see below), opportunities are available for graduate-level instruction to selected undergraduate students. The graduate emphasis areas include (1) demography and population; (2) social problems and social change; (3) social and family networks; and (4) applied analysis, measurement, and program evaluation.

In addition to a balanced program of basic undergraduate to advanced graduate courses, the department provides a range of opportunities for students to develop specialized research methods seminars, and internship placements are offered in support of this goal and are typically designed around the ongoing research interests of department faculty. The department provides students with opportunities for intensive direction and guidance from faculty. Students and faculty working in particular subject areas consult freely with members working in other areas. Research interests of sociology faculty extend beyond the department into a wide variety of joint projects with faculty in other departments and programs, including criminology and criminal justice, engineering, political science, trauma studies, women's and gender studies, gerontology, public policy research centers, and the Center for International Studies.

A minor in sociology at UM-St. Louis is available to students majoring in related areas.

Undergraduate Studies

General Education Requirements
Students must satisfy the university and college general education requirements. Courses in sociology may be used to meet the social science requirement. The foreign

language requirement for the B.A. degree may be satisfied in any language. Not more than 12-15 hours of community college transfer credit may be applied toward the combined minimum of required credit hours for the B.A. (31 credit hours) or B.S. (37 credit hours) major. No course in which a grade below a C- is received will count toward satisfying the core requirement.

Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory Restrictions Sociology majors may not take courses counting toward their major requirements on a satisfactory/unsatisfactory basis.

Degree Requirements

Bachelor of Arts in Sociology
In addition to specific baccalaureate degree requirements of the College of Arts and Sciences, candidates must complete 31 hours of sociology course credit including the following required core courses:

1010(10), Introduction to Sociology
3210(210), Sociological Theory
3220(220), Sociological Statistics, or
Math 1310(31), Elementary Statistical Methods, or
Math 1102(102), Finite Mathematics I, or Math 1105(105), Basic Probability and Statistics
3230(230), Research Methods
3231(231), Laboratory in Research Methods†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††

Note The core requirements should be completed as early as possible, preferably by the end of the junior year. Sociological Statistics is a prerequisite for research methods. Only 45 hours of sociology can be applied to the 120 hour total required for a degree from the University of Missouri-St. Louis.

For the B.A. in sociology candidates are required to take the core courses and at least 18 additional hours of sociology courses, selected according to career objectives, with at least six hours at the 4000(300) level (no more than three hours of either Soc 4350(350), Special Study or Soc 4385(385), Internship in Sociology may be applied to this 4000(300) level requirement). No more than three hours in sociology below the 2000(100) level can count towards this 18-hour requirement. Applied training through one or more research courses may be used as part of the requirement for the major.

Bachelor of Science in Sociology
For the B.S. in Sociology, candidates are required to take the core courses and complete the following requirements.

Eight additional sociology courses (24 hours), chosen with the approval of the studentís faculty advisor, are required for the B.S. in Sociology, including a minimum of four courses (twelve hours) at the 4000(300) or 5000(400) level (no more than three hours of either Soc 4350(350) Special Study or Soc 4385(385), Internship in Sociology may be applied to the 4000(300) or 5000(400) level requirement).† No more than three hours in sociology below the 2000(100) level can count toward this 24-hour requirement.

Related Area Requirements:

Candidates for the B.S. in sociology also must complete five courses from at least four of the following nine areas: computer science, economics, mathematics, philosophy, political science, probability and statistics, psychology, public policy administration, and international studies. Specific course selections must be approved by a faculty advisor.

Combined Degree: Bachelor of Science in Civil Engineering and Bachelor of Science in Sociology
Students pursuing the combined degree are simultaneously enrolled in the College of Arts and Sciences and the Joint Undergraduate Engineering Program. They have an engineering faculty adviser as well as a faculty adviser in the Department of Sociology.

A program of 159 semester hours is required for the B.S. in civil engineering and the B.S. in sociology. Earned alone, the B.S. in engineering requires 137 semester hours. Because of the overlap in required courses for the two curricula, the combined degree program requires only 22 additional semester hours.

For additional information, see the section in this Bulletin labeled UM-St. Louis/Washington University Joint Undergraduate Engineering Program or contact:

Associate Dean of the Joint Undergraduate Engineering Program, 228 Benton Hall, University of Missouri-St. Louis, 8001 Natural Bridge Road, St. Louis, MO 63121.

B.A. or B.S. in Sociology with Teacher Certification
Students must complete the B.A. or B.S. in sociology requirements, as well as the requirements for teacher certification. (See the College of Education section of this Bulletin.)

B.A. or B.S. in Sociology with an Interest in Business
The following courses are suggested for students seeking careers in sales, market research, and so forth. In addition to the B.A. or B.S. in sociology requirements, the following core courses are suggested:

Econ 1001(51), Principles of Microeconomics
Sociology 4646(346), Demographic Techniques
BA 2400(140), Fundamentals of Financial Accounting

Students may then choose to complete one of the following three sets of courses:

1) Marketing Management
3700(206), Basic Marketing
3740(275), Marketing Intelligence
3760(303), Industrial Marketing

2) Financial Management
3500(204), Financial Management
3520(334), Investments
3501(350), Financial Policies

3) Accounting
2410(145), Managerial Accounting
3401(340), Intermediate Accounting I
3411(345), Cost Accounting

Requirements for the Minor
Students must apply for the minor in sociology. Candidates must complete at least 15 hours of departmental course work in sociology, of which at least 9 must be completed at UM-St. Louis' department of sociology and must be beyond those applied to the candidate's major. At least 6 hours must be at the 4000(300) level (no more than 3 hours of either Soc 4350(350), Special Study, or Soc 4385(385), Internship may be applied to this 4000(300) level requirement).

Candidates who anticipate that their background in sociology may play a substantial role in their career plans are strongly encouraged to take some or all of the core requirements.

Candidates must have a cumulative grade point average of 2.0 or better in all courses pertaining to the minor. Department courses taken on a satisfactory/unsatisfactory basis may not be applied to the minor.

Department Awards
The department offers several annual awards to

outstanding students on the basis of merit.

The Ray Collins Alumni Award is given annually by the Sociology Alumni Association to the top graduating senior. The awardee is selected by the faculty on the basis of GPA, and the award consists of first-year membership dues in the Sociology Alumni Association and a cash award.

Honors Program Student Association Awards are given annually to exceptional students. The awards include student affiliate memberships in the Honors Program Student Association of the American Sociological Association to aid the establishment of a network of colleagues who are at similar points in their career development.

The Alumni Agent Scholarship and the Sociology Alumni Scholarship are given to deserving sociology majors annually. The awardees are selected by the faculty on the basis of merit.

A series of undergraduate awards are given to outstanding students. The Freshman Sociology Award is given to the outstanding freshman student in lower-division sociology course work; the Outstanding Junior Sociology Major Award is given to the outstanding junior sociology major; the Outstanding Sociology Minor Award is presented to the graduating student with the most outstanding minor GPA record; and the Outstanding Sociological Statistics and Methods Award is given to the sociology major with the best overall record in Sociology 3220(220), 3230(230), and 3231(231). This award carries a stipend for the student to serve as an undergraduate course assistant for Sociology 3220(220), or 3230(230) and 3231(231).

Department Honors
The sociology department will award department honors for those B.A. and B.S. degree candidates in sociology with an overall grade point average of 3.2 or better. They must also successfully complete an independent study through Soc 4350(350), Special Study.

Graduate Studies

2+3 B.A. and M.A. in Sociology
The 2+3 combined† B.A./M.A. program in sociology provides an opportunity for students of recognized academic ability and educational maturity to fulfill integrated requirements of the undergraduate and masterís degree programs from the beginning of their junior year.† Because of its accelerated nature, the program requires the completion of some lower-division requirements of (12 hours) before entry into the three-year portion of the program.† When all the requirements of the B.A. and M.A. programs have been completed, the students will be awarded both the baccalaureate and masterís degrees.† A carefully designed program can permit a student to earn both degrees within as few as ten semesters.†

The combined program requires a minimum of 138 hours, of which 30 must be at the 4000(300) or 5000(400) levels.† In qualifying for the B.A., students must meet all University and college requirements, including the requirements of the undergraduate major described previously.† During the junior and senior years, students normally take a 4000(300)† level research practicum course, Sociology 5400(400), Sociology 5402(402), and Sociology 5404(404).† In qualifying for the M.A., students must meet all University and Graduate School requirements, including satisfactory completion of a minimum of 30 graduate credit hours.† Up to 12 graduate credit hours may be applied simultaneously to both the B.A. and M.A. programs.† Any 4000(300) level course applied to the M.A. requirements will require additional work to qualify for graduated credit.

Students should apply to the Graduate Director of the Department of Sociology for admission to the 2 + 3 combined degree program in sociology the semester they will complete 60 undergraduate degree credit hours, but no later than the accumulation of 90 credit hours.† A cumulative grade point average of 3.0 or higher, satisfactory scores on the general aptitude test of the Graduate Record Examination, and three letters of recommendation from faculty are required for consideration.† Students will be admitted to the 2 + 3 programs under provisional graduate status until they have completed 30 credit hours with a grade point average of 3.0 or higher.† After completion of the provisional period, and with recommendation of the Graduate Director, students can be granted full admission into the program.† Students must maintain a grade point average of 3.0 or higher throughout the combined program.† Students who officially withdraw from the 2 + 3 combined degree program will be awarded the B.A. degree when they have successfully completed all the requirements for the degree.

The following requirements must be completed prior to enrolling in the 2 + 3 program:

1010(010) Introduction to Sociology and three additional sociology courses.

The following UNDERGRADUATE courses are required for majors in the 2 + 3 program:

3210(210), Sociological Theory
3220(220), Sociological Statistics (or an approved statistics course)
3230(230), Research Methods
3231(231), Laboratory in Research Methods

GRADUATE SOCIOLOGY REQUIREMENTS FOR STUDENTS IN THE 2 + 3 PROGRAM

The following GRADUATE courses are required at the 300 to 499-level:

  1. Sociology 5400(400), Proseminar in Sociology
  2. Sociology 5402(402), Advanced Quantitative Techniques
  3. Sociology 5404(404), Advanced Methodology
  4. Five additional courses (15 hours) that have been approved by the Graduate Director

Graduate Exit Requirements:
A studentís program must include one of the following exit projects:† a 6-hour internship (Sociology 5480(480), Individual Study) or a 6-hour preparatory sequence and an approved paper (Sociology 5490(490), Supervised Research).† Each candidate is given a final oral review conducted by a faculty committee and focused on the course work completed and the studentís chosen exit project or thesis.

M.A. in Sociology
The department offers a flexible program of studies leading to the Master of Arts degree in sociology. Course work combines intensive examination of the core areas of sociology with acquisition of the analytical skills of sociological investigation. A variety of career options are available to the master's-level graduate, including: program evaluation and research; field or case work related to community issues; administrative roles in social agencies and planning organizations; or doctoral studies in sociology or related fields.

The curriculum is designed to serve the needs of full-time students as well as working students who are able to engage only in part-time studies. This design allows pre-career and mid-career students to prepare for employment in education, service agencies, community organizations, government agencies, or businesses. The curriculum also invites students to take advantage of the university's urban setting through integration of selected work experiences with practicum courses and academic seminars under faculty guidance. The curriculum emphasizes theoretical, analytic, and substantive approaches to urban-related problem solving.

Admission Requirements
Individuals with at least the equivalent of the department's B.A. or B.S. degree in sociology may be admitted to the Graduate School as candidates for the M.A. degree. Students with bachelor's degrees in fields other than sociology may be admitted to pursue graduate sociology studies under the condition that they make up core deficiencies prior to graduate work.

In addition to meeting the general admission requirements of the Graduate School, a student should ordinarily have:

  • A baccalaureate degree with a minimum grade point average of 3.0.
  • At least 15 hours in the social sciences, of which 12 should be in upper-level courses.
  • Three letters of recommendation from persons qualified to judge the candidate's potential for success in the program.
  • A statement describing the applicant's interest in graduate study in sociology.

Students who do not meet these requirements may be provisionally admitted upon approval of the department and the dean of the Graduate School. Admission and financial aid decisions are made on the basis of past academic record, program performance, and career commitment. Students wishing to continue regular employment outside the university may enroll on a part-time basis. Requests for further information about the program should be sent to:

Director of Graduate Studies
Department of Sociology
University of Missouri-St. Louis
8001 Natural Bridge Road
St. Louis, MO 63121-4499

Degree Requirements
Master of Arts in Sociology Each student shall prepare an adviser-approved course of study during the first semester of enrollment. Candidates for the M.A. degree shall complete a minimum of 30 hours of approved study, at least 21 of which must be taken in courses offered by the department.

Core Curriculum
†5400(400), Proseminar in Sociology
†5402(402), Advanced Quantitative Techniques
†5404(404), Advanced Methodology

The sociology department participates in a joint quantitative techniques and methodology series of courses with the other social sciences which can be substituted for the above.

Concentration The department offers opportunities for intensive work in one of the several research areas of department faculty members, which allows the flexibility for comprehensive and coherent exposure to the methods and insights of the discipline. Matriculating students are encouraged to plan, with their advisers, a coherent program of studies consistent with their career interests.

Exit Requirements A student's program must include one of the following exit projects: a 6-hour internship;† Sociology 5480(480),† Individual Study or a 6-hour preparatory sequence and an approved paper Sociology 5490(490), †Supervised Research. Each candidate is given a final oral review conducted by a faculty committee and focused on the course work completed and the student's chosen exit project or thesis.

Career Outlook
The following career information is adapted from the American Sociological Society Web site. For more information, see http://www.asanet.org/.

A BA or BS in sociology is excellent preparation for graduate work in sociology for those interested in an academic or professional career as a professor, researcher, or applied sociologist.
The undergraduate degree provides a strong liberal arts preparation for entry level positions throughout the business, social service, and government worlds. Employers look for people with the skills that an undergraduate education in sociology provides. Since its subject matter is intrinsically fascinating, sociology offers valuable preparation for careers in journalism, politics, public relations, business, or public administration fields that involve investigative skills and working with diverse groups. Many students choose sociology because they see it as a broad liberal arts base for professions such as law, education, medicine, social work, and counseling. Sociology provides a rich fund of knowledge that directly pertains to each of these fields.

The MA offers students access to an even wider variety of careers. Sociologists become high school teachers or faculty in colleges and universities, advising students, conducting research, and publishing their work. Over 3000 colleges offer sociology courses. Sociologists enter the corporate, non-profit, and government worlds as directors of research, policy analysts, consultants, human resource managers, and program managers. Practicing sociologists with advanced degrees may be called research analysts, survey researchers, gerontologists, statisticians, urban planners, community developers, criminologists, or demographers. Some MA sociologists obtain specialized training to become counselors, therapists or program directors in social service agencies.

Today, sociologists embark upon literally hundreds of career paths. Although teaching and conducting research remains the dominant activity among the thousands of professional sociologists today, other forms of employment are growing both in number and significance. In some sectors, sociologists work closely with economists, political scientists, anthropologists, Psychologists, social workers and others reflecting a growing appreciation of sociology's contributions to interdisciplinary analysis and action.

Course Descriptions

Students who have earned 24 or more semester hours of credit at any accredited post-secondary institutions(s) before the start of the fall 2002 semester must meet the general education requirements stipulated in the UM-St Louis 2001-2002 Bulletin.† The following courses fulfill the Social Sciences breadth of study requirements as described in that Bulletin:

1010(10), 1040(40), 1999(99), 2100(100), 2102(102), 2103(103), 2160(160), 2180(180), 3200(200), 3202(202), 3210(210), 3214(214), 3220(220), 3224(224), 3230(230), 3231(231), 3241(241), 3245(245), 3250(250), 3262(262), 3264(264), 3268(268), 3270(270), 3278(278), 3280(280), 3286(286), 3290a(290a), 3290b(290b), 3290c(290c), 4300(300), 4040(304), 4940(308), 4310(310), 4312(312), 4314(314), 4100(315), 4316(316), 4317(317), 4320(320), 4331(331), 4336(336), 4338(338), 4340(340), 4342(342), 4344(344), 4646(346), 4350(350), 4352(352), 4354(354), 4356(356), 4360(360), 4361(361), 4370(370), 4375(375), 4378(378), 4380(380).

1010(10) Introduction to Sociology (3) [V, SS]
An introduction to sociological approaches to human behavior, including types of social organizations, patterns of social interaction, and social influences on individual conduct.

1040(40) Social Problems (3) [V, SS]
Conditions defined by society as social problems, as well as potential solutions, are examined from various sociological perspectives. Emphasis is given to problem issues prevalent in metropolitan settings. Analyses focus on victims and beneficiaries of both problem conditions and alternative solutions.

1999(99) The City (3) [MI, V, SS]
(Same as Criminology and Criminal Justice 99, Political Science 1990(99), and Interdisciplinary 1990(99). Consideration of economic factors, urban institutions, historical developments in urbanization, problems of the inner city, suburbia and the metropolitan area, ethnic groups, stratification, and psychological implications of urban living. This course is for freshmen and sophomores. It is open to juniors and seniors with the consent of instructor.

2100(100) Women in Contemporary Society (3)
Prerequisite: Sociology 1010(10) or Interdisciplinary 50 or consent of instructor. An introduction to the sociological analysis of the status of women in society, including their work, family, and political roles. Socialization, education, and the women's movement will also be considered, as these affect the position and participation of women in a variety of social arenas.

2102(102) Women, Gender, and Diversity (3)
Same as Interdisciplinary 2102(102) and Psychology 1102(102). An introduction to the study of women's roles in a diverse and gendered culture and society. Through a variety of disciplinary perspectives in the humanities, social sciences, and natural sciences, it seeks to understand gender as a concept that affects both women and men. Explores issues of power, identity, and relationships in women's lives.

2103(103) Sex Roles in Contemporary Society (3)
Prerequisite: Sociology 1010(10) or Interdisciplinary 50 or consent of instructor. The study of social processes through which sex roles are developed and acquired; the impact of gender and sex roles on personal identity and social conduct; the relationship between sex roles and social inequality; and individual and social consequences of changing sex roles in contemporary society.

2160(160) Social Psychology (3)
Same as Psych 2160(160). Prerequisite: Sociology 1010(10). Study of the interaction between individuals and their social environment. Examination of basic principles, concepts, and methods.

2180(180) Alcohol, Drugs, and Society (3)
Same as Criminology and Criminal Justice 2180(180) Prerequisite: Sociology 1010(10) and or Psych 1003(3). This course examines the medical, legal, and social aspects of alcohol and drug use. Medical aspects considered include treatment approaches and the role of physicians in controlling such behavior. In the legal realm, past and present alcohol and drug laws are explored. Cultural and social influences on alcohol and drug use are discussed.

3200(200) Sociology of Deviant Behavior (3)
Prerequisite: Sociology 1010(10) or consent of instructor. Theories of the nature, causes, and control of deviance as a social phenomenon. Application of theories to specific substantive areas, such as mental disorder, delinquency, drug abuse, suicide, unconventional sexuality, and physical disability.

3202(202) Urban Sociology (3)
Prerequisite: Sociology 1010(10) or consent of instructor. Urbanization as a world phenomenon; urban social and ecological structures and changing life styles; the decision-making processes in urban problem-solving.

3210(210) Sociological Theory (3)
Prerequisite: Sociology 10(1010) or consent of instructor. The nature of sociological theory. An investigation of theory from Comte through contemporary developments. Contributions made by theorists in related disciplines.

3214(214) Juvenile Delinquency and Youth Crimes (3)
Prerequisite: Three hours of 2000(100) level sociology. A theoretical and research-oriented approach to delinquency and youth crime, including types, trends, causation, correction, and prevention. 

3220(220) Sociological Statistics (3)
Prerequisites: Sociology 1010(10) and Math 1020(20) or 1030(30). Issues and techniques of statistical analyses relevant to quantitative sociological research, e.g., elementary probability, measurements of central tendency and dispersion, measures of relationships including linear regression and correlation, inferential statistics.

3224(224) Marriage and the Family (3)
Same as Nursing 3224(224). Prerequisite: Sociology 1010(10) or consent of instructor. The study of patterns of close relationships, and how these relationships are influenced by larger social forces. Topics include: love, dating, mate selection, cohabitation, alternative lifestyles, working families, parenting, single mothers, families in crisis, domestic violence, and divorce. Universal and variable aspects of family organization, family role systems, and changes in family social structure.

3230(230) Research Methods (3)
Prerequisites: Sociology 1010(10) and satisfaction of mathematics proficiency requirement and Sociology 3220(220) or consent of instructor. Research planning and interpretation, principles of research design, measurement, and sampling. Techniques for the collection, analysis, and presentation of data.

3231(231) Laboratory in Research Methods (1)
Prerequisite: Must be taken concurrently with Sociology 3230(230). Laboratory course to accompany Sociology 3230(230). The course will include practical experience in the conduct of research.

3241(241) Selected Topics in Macro-sociology (1-3)
Prerequisite: Sociology 1010(10) or consent of instructor. Examination of a specific topic that focuses on large-scale social systems and the structural relationships among social organizations and institutions. May be taken more than once for credit provided the topic of the course is different each time.

3245(245) Sociology of South Africa (3)
Prerequisite: Sociology 1010(10) or consent of instructor. An analysis of South African society as a sociocultural system, with attention to its demographic, ecological, and social structures; its distinctive social institutions and life styles; and the social dynamics of modernization, urbanization, and ethnicity. This course satisfies the Cultural Diversity requirement.

3250(250) Sociology of Victimization (3)
Prerequisites: Soc 1010(10). Examines the role of social factors in a wide range of kinds of victimization--crime, violence, natural disasters, accidents, disease, etc. The topic of social reactions to various kinds of victimization is also covered. Sociological theories of victimization are emphasized. 

3262(262) Social Psychology of Urban Life (3)
Prerequisites:† Soc 1010(10) or Psy 1003(3).Examines how people experience and give meaning to their lives as urban dwellers. Topics include: cognitive maps, crowding, sensory overload, lifestyle diversity, strangers, urban tolerance, social networks, segmentation of personal life, and quest for identity.

3264(264) The Sociology of Religion (3)
Prerequisite: Sociology 1010(10) or consent of instructor. Religion as a universal social institution, its development, forms, and influence in the world, including Western and Eastern religions. Sociological analysis of the effects of religion upon the individual and societies. Religion, its roles in social change, and contemporary trends.

3268(268) The Sociology of Conflict (3)
Prerequisite: Sociology 1010(10) or consent of instructor. The conditions under which social conflicts arise, develop, and are terminated (or in some cases resolved) are examined. The functions of different levels of conflict are studied to determine the potential effects and outcomes of planned intervention.

3270(270) Socialization (3)
Prerequisite: Sociology 1010(10) or consent of instructor. Analysis of the structural and social psychological aspects of roles and the self as a product of social interaction.

3278(278) Sociology of Law (3)
Prerequisite: Sociology 1010(10) or consent of instructor. A study of law and society with emphasis on the sociological analysis of specific problems of legal doctrines and legal institutions. The law is examined as an instrument of social control through study of the courts, the legal profession, the police, and various social institutions. Consideration is given to law as an instrument of social change.

3280(280) Society and Technology (3)
Prerequisite: Sociology 1010(10) or consent of instructor. Technology in industrial and post-industrial societies. The social shaping of technological systems. The role of technology in social change.

3286(286) Society, Arts, and Popular Culture (3)
Same as Anth 3286(286). Prerequisite: Sociology 1010(10) or Anth 1011(011). The relationship of artists, writers, and musicians; their traditions and modes of artistic expression to variant social structures and institutions; and social pressures and rewards. 

3290a(290a), 3290b(290b), 3290c(290c) Undergraduate Seminar in Sociological Issues (3)
Prerequisites: Sociology 1010(10) and consent of instructor. Consideration of an issue or area of the instructor's choice not already covered by other undergraduate courses. May be taken up to three times for nine hours of credit, provided the subject matter is different each time the seminar is taken.

3298(298) Practicum in Field and Laboratory Research (1-3)
Prerequisites: Sociology 3220(220) and Sociology 3230(230), or consent of instructor.† Intensive field or laboratory research to be taken subsequent to, or concurrent with, a specific substantive course. May be taken twice for credit.

Note: Any 4000(300) level course taken for major elective credit requires prior completion of two of the following: Sociology 3210(210), Sociology 3220(220), or Sociology 3230(230).

4040(304) Survey Research Practicum (3)
Same as Econ 4140(304) and Pol Sci 4040(304). Prerequisites: Junior standing, Sociology 3220(220), Sociology 3230(230), and consent of instructor. The execution of a sample survey, including establishing study objectives, sampling, questionnaire construction, interviewing, coding, data analysis, and presentation of results. May be taken more than once for credit provided the course topic is different each time.

4100(315) Diversity and Social Justice (3)
Same as Social Work 4100(315). Prerequisites: Sociology 1010(10) or equivalent. Analyzes the structure, dynamics, and consequences of social and economic injustice, and the impact on diverse groups in American society. Examines theoretical models and practice principles for work with diverse groups.

4300(300) Communities and Crime (3)
Same as Criminology and Criminal Justice 4300(300). Prerequisite: Criminology and Criminal Justice 1110(110), 1120(120), 1130(130), 2210(210), 2220(220), or consent of instructor. Analysis of the sources, consequences, and control of crime within communities. Emphasis on social and ecological theories of crime and on population instability, family structure, and the concentration of poverty as causes of crime. Community crime prevention efforts are also addressed.

4310(310) Selected Topics in Sociological Theory (1-3)
Prerequisite: Sociology 3210(210). Focused examination of selected issues, the contributions of individual theorists, and methodological implications in the study of sociological theory. May be taken twice for credit.  
4312(312) Sociology of Wealth and Poverty (3)
Prerequisites: Sociology 10(1010) and junior standing or consent of instructor. Theory and research on social stratification and inequality in contemporary societies.

4314(314) Social Change (3)
Prerequisites: Sociology 1010(10) and junior standing, or consent of instructor. Theories of social change applied to the analysis of small and large social systems, including the planning of change and projecting of alternative futures.

4316(316) Power, Ideology, and Social Movements (3)
Prerequisite: Sociology 1010(10) and Junior Standing or consent of instructor. Effect of events and social processes on thought and action in the twentieth century. Social functions of ideologies as expressed in movements and formal and informal organizations seeking social change.

4317(317) Social Psychology of Conflict and Negotiation (3)
Same as Psychology 3317(317). Prerequisite: nine (9) hours of Psychology or nine (9) hours of sociology, including Psych 2160(160) or Soc 2160(160). The purpose of this course is to understand how social psychological phenomena affect the processes and outcomes of negotiation and other forms of social conflict. The course is designed to be relevant to the broad spectrum of conflict situations people face in their work and daily lives. A basic premise of this course is that while analytical skills are needed to discover solutions to social problems, negotiation skills are needed in order for these solutions to be accepted and implemented.

4320(320) Forms of Criminal Behavior (3)
Same as Criminology and Criminal Justice 4320(320). Prerequisite: Criminology and Criminal Justice 1110(110), 1120(120), 1130(130), 2210(210), 2220(220), or consent of instructor. Examination of major types of criminal behavior including violent, property, public order, and organizational offenses. Emphasis on theories of, and responses to, these crimes.

4330(330) Field Research in Crime and Deviance (2-4)
Prerequisites: Soc 3214(214).† Students will participate in individual or group reseach† projects† involving systematic data collection and sociological analysis concerning the causation or societal reaction to crime, delinquency, or related forms of deviance. One option available to students will be an opportunity to study organizations dealing with juvenile or adult offenders.

4331(331) Qualitative Methods in Social Research (3)
Prerequisite: Sociology 3220(220) and Sociology 3230(230), or their equivalent, or consent of instructor. This course is devoted to such qualitative methods as participant observation, intensive interview, content analysis, and oral history, among others. The place of these kinds of techniques in social research, as well as the issues raised by them, will be considered. Students will participate in individual or group research projects using one or more of the methods discussed.

4336(336) Organizations and Environments (3)
Prerequisites: Sociology 1010(10) and junior standing or consent of instructor. Internal and external forces that influence the structures, adaptive flexibility, and actions of public and private organizations and agencies are examined. Specific foci include: organizational responses to environmental opportunities, constraints, and contingencies; sources of conflict and impediments to organizational goal attainment; and strategies for increasing organizational effectiveness, efficiency, and chances for survival.

4338(338) Sociology of Health (3)
Same as Nursing 4338(338). Prerequisites: Sociology 1010(10) and junior standing. Exploration of social dimensions and issues related to health and illness, such as access to the health care delivery system; factors influencing prevention, utilization and compliance; changing relationships among health care providers and consumers; health care costs, trends, and cross-cultural variations.

4340(340) Race, Crime, and Justice (3)
Same as Criminology and Criminal Justice 4340(340). Prerequisite: Criminology and Criminal Justice 1110(110), 1120(120), 1130(130), 2210(210), 2220(220), or consent of instructor. Analysis of the involvement of racial minorities in crime and the criminal justice system. Emphasis on group differences in offending, processing, victimization, and employment in criminal justice agencies.

4342(342) World Population and Ecology (3)
Prerequisites: Sociology 1010(10) and junior standing or consent of instructor. Sociological theories and research relating people to their ecological environments. Topics include fertility and population change in the non-Western world. Emphasis is directed to population policies in e.g., Africa and India and China.

4344(344) Problems of Urban Community (3)
Prerequisites: Sociology 1010(10) and junior standing, or consent of instructor. The urban community as an area of social action and problem solving with emphasis on the sociological aspects of urban problems.

4350(350) Special Study (1-10)
Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. Independent study through readings, reports, and field work.

4354(354) Sociology of Business and Work Settings (3)
Prerequisites: Sociology 1010(10) and junior standing, or consent of instructor. The sociology of work and occupations in America, Europe, and Asia; organization structures and worker participation; worker attitude, behaviors, and commitment; the socialization of the worker; determinants of worker behavior; social problems of work and business; and the impact of community on work place and business behavior.

4356(356) Sociology of Education (3)
Prerequisite: Sociology 1010(10) and junior standing, or consent of instructor. Education as a social institution, its role as an agent of socialization, and its effect upon the processes of social change and social mobility. The relationship between the school and its community.

4360(360) Sociology of Minority Groups (3)
Prerequisites: Sociology 1010(10) and junior standing or consent of instructor. The study of dominant-subordinate group relations. Religion, ethnicity, race, and gender as factors in the unequal distribution of power.

4361(361) Social Gerontology (3)
Same as Gerontology 4361(361). Prerequisites: Sociology 1010(10) and junior standing, or consent of instructor. Topics include: sociological theories of aging, technological and social change and its effects on the environment of older people, and prejudice and discrimination against the elderly.

4370(370) Selected Topics in Techniques of Sociological Research (1-3)
Prerequisite: Sociology 3220(220), 3230(230), or consent of instructor. The study of a specific research technique used in sociological analyses. May be taken more than once for credit provided the course topic is different each time.

4375(375) The Social Psychology of Disabilities (3)
Prerequisite: Sociology 2160(160) or Psych 2160(160) or consent of instructor.† Same as Psychology 4375(375). A social Psychological and micro-sociological examination of attitudes and behaviors affecting persons with disabilities. Topics include stigma and empowerment, adaptive behaviors, stereotypes and prejudices, and images of disabilities in popular culture and mythology. The course will address the experience of disability and its social consequences for the lives of persons with disabilities.

4378(378) Selected Topics in Social Psychology (1-3)
Prerequisite: Psych 2160(160) or Sociology 2160(160), or consent of instructor. Focused examination of selected issues, concepts, and methods in the study of social interaction. May be taken twice for credit.

4380(380) Selected Topics in Social Policy (1-3)
Prerequisite: Sociology 1010(10), Junior standing or consent of instructor. Examination of a specific sociological topic of current relevance in the community. May be taken more than once for credit provided the course topic is different each time.

4385(385) Internship in Sociology (1-6)
Prerequisite: Junior standing and consent of instructor. Students participate in supervised placements in a position related to the profession of sociology.

4646(346) Demographic Techniques (3)
Prerequisites: Sociology 3220(220) and Sociology 3230(230), or consent of instructor. Practicum experience with computation and analysis of major demographic measures of population size, growth, and shape; fertility; mortality; immigration; emigration; and morbidity. Special attention to comparisons of standard Western and non-Western demographic models, with emphasis on computer modeling.

4940(308) Leadership and Management in Nonprofit Organizations (3)
Same as SW 4940(394), Pol Sci 4940(394), and PPA 4940(394). Prerequisite: Junior standing. Addresses the role and scope of the independent sector in the United States, as well as the leadership and management of nonprofit organizations within that sector. Topics include the economic and political scope of the independent sector

the role of volunteerism in a democratic society, and the role and scope of philanthropy. Topics in voluntary organization management and leadership include: the dynamics, functions and membership structure of NPOs, especially staff-board and other volunteer relations; governance and management of NPOs; resource mobilizations; and program development management and evaluation.

5400(400) Proseminar in Sociology (3)
Required of all entering graduate students in the fall semester of the first year of residency. An overview of the field of contemporary sociology, with emphasis on the major theories, issues, research approaches, and ethical problems in the field today, and an introduction to theory construction, measurement, and design strategies.

5402(402) Advanced Quantitative Techniques (3)
Prerequisite: Sociology 3220(220) or consent of instructor. A study of advanced quantitative analysis of sociological data, focusing on problems of multivariate analysis, sampling theory and techniques, and the use of electronic data processing in approaching these problems.

5404(404) Advanced Methodology (3)
Prerequisite: Sociology 3230(230) or consent of instructor. A study of methodological problems on an advanced level, focusing on contemporary issues in the processes of inquiry with particular emphasis on the applicability of different modes of research to various types of theoretical problems. Consideration of ethical problems in social research.

5406(406) Research Practicum (3)
Prerequisites: Sociology 5400(400) and consent of instructor. Involvement of students in an individual or group project culminating in a report, in order to provide firsthand experience in integration of theoretical concerns, methodological principles, and appropriate research techniques in an empirical study, the subject of which shall be determined in collaboration with the instructor.

5410(410) Comparative Social Structures (3)
Prerequisite: Sociology 5400(400) or consent of instructor. Social institutions in selected societies are examined in terms of their similarities and differences. Typically, non-American and American social structures such as religion, education, politics, family, and economy are compared, along with population dynamics and change, myths, values, and norms. Societies are selected depending on specialty of faculty and interests of students. May be repeated for credit if the topic is different.

5415(415) Foundations of Criminological Theory (3)
Same as Criminology and Criminal Justice 5415(415). Prerequisites: Graduate standing and consent of instructor. Examination of the history of criminological thought incorporating the major works of such theorists as Bentham, Beccaria, Marx, Durkheim, Lombroso, Sutherland, and Merton.

5420(420) Theories of Conflict (3)
Prerequisite: Sociology 5400(400) or consent of instructor. The conflict perspective in sociology is contrasted with consensus models of society. Conflict theorizing is traced from the Classical social thought tradition in Western civilization to its modern Marxist and non-Marxist formulations in contemporary sociology. Ethical implications for social conflict intervention are considered.

5422(422) Family and Interpersonal Conflict Resolution (3)
Prerequisite: Sociology 5420(420) or consent of instructor. The sources and functions of interpersonal conflict in family and neighborhood settings are analyzed. Mediation and conciliation strategies are developed in relation to primary and secondary structures, role systems, and social change.

5424(424) Conflict Management in Organizations (3)
Prerequisite: Sociology 5420(420) or consent of instructor. Intrinsic sources of inter- and intraorganizational conflict and related methods of mediation are examined. Conflict management strategies and situational manifestations of conflict are analyzed within the context of antecedent conditions, such as domain dissensus, differential interests and goals, previously unresolved disputes, unbalanced power relations, structural barriers to communications, internal and external competition for resources, and environmental change.

5426(426) Community and Regional Conflict Intervention (3)
Prerequisite: Sociology 5420(420) or consent of instructor. Community and regional conflicts are examined, with emphasis on paradigms for analyzing power, policy, and social change, and on developing intervention skills through simulation exercises. Intervention roles and approaches, such as mediation, conciliation, arbitration, and advocacy are discussed.

5430(430) Policy Mediation Processes (3)
Prerequisite: Sociology 5426(426) or consent of instructor. Sociological theories of conflict are applied to public issues and policy-making, with an emphasis on building analysis and practice skills. Processes of mediated problem solving are studied and applied to conflict between jurisdictions, between citizens and governments, and between public and private sectors.

5432(432) Survey Research Methods (3)
Same as Ed Rem 6712(432), Pol Sci 6406(406). Prerequisites: An introductory statistics course such as Soc 220(3220) or consent of instructor. A course on the principles and procedures for conducting survey research. Topics include: forming questions and scales, survey design, sampling methods, data preparation and analysis, and presentation of results.

5440(440) Seminar in Urban Sociology (3)
Prerequisites: Nine hours of undergraduate course work in sociology and consent of instructor.

5444(444) Social Policy and Community Planning (3)
Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. Analysis of the formulation of policy as a social process with concentration on political as well as technical-rational elements. Relation of social policy formation to planning at the community level and analysis of the elements and dynamics of community planning. Analysis of and exposure to planning agencies in the St. Louis metropolitan area.

5449(449) Issues in Retirement (3)
Same as Gerontology 5449(449). Prerequisite: Graduate standing. This course examines macro and micro issues of retirement in the United States--its processes, causes, and consequences--in relation to economic market conditions, demographic changes, and programs and policies that are targeted to support the elderly (e.g., Social Security). It also examines issues relating to older women and retirement.

5450(450) Seminar in Social Psychology (3)
Prerequisites: Nine hours of undergraduate course work in sociology and consent of instructor.

5451(468) Negotiating Workplace Conflict (3)
Same as Mgt. 5612(419) and PPA 6680(468).†
Prerequisites: PPA/Mgt. 6600(460), and Graduate Standing. Examines conflict and cooperation between individuals, groups, and organizations over control of work. A central theme is how this conflict is expressed, controlled, and resolved. Students participate in exercises to learn basics of two-party negotiations.

5460(460) Seminar in Deviant Behavior (3)
Prerequisites: Nine hours of undergraduate course work in sociology and consent of the instructor.† Advanced theories of the nature, causes, and control of deviance as a social phenomenon.

5461(461) Law and Social Control (3)
Same as Criminology and Criminal Justice 6430(430) Prerequisites: Graduate standing and consent of instructor. Examination of the relationship between law and other social institutions, the values and interests that are expressed in law and shaped by legal structures and processes, and law as an instrument of public policy, social control, and social change.

5470(470) Seminar in Sociological Issues (1-3)
Prerequisites: Nine hours of undergraduate course work in sociology and consent of instructor. Consideration of an issue or area of the instructor's choice not already covered by one of the other 400-level courses. May be taken up to three times for up to nine hours of credit, provided the subject matter is different each time the seminar is taken.

5475(475) Introduction to Evaluation Research Methods (3)
Same as Psych 5475(475), Public Policy Administration 6750(475), and Criminology and Criminal Justice 5475(475).† Prerequisite: At least one course in research design and statistics at the graduate level. A comparative study of research strategies with regard to data sources, data collection, and modes of analysis that are appropriate for program evaluation research. Attention is given to observational, survey, and quasi-experimental methodologies.

5476(476) Research Practicum in Evaluation Research Methods (3)
Prerequisites: Sociology 5475(475) and consent of instructor. Instruction in, and supervision of, research design and data collection for evaluation of social-deviance action program research report. Concurrent with on-site participant observation.

5480(480) Individual Study (3)
Prerequisite: Consent of adviser and instructor. Designed to give the student the opportunity to pursue particular interests within the discipline and/or to study areas not† currently covered by formal courses. Guided by faculty with appropriate interests. May be taken only twice.

5490(490) Supervised Research (1-10)
Prerequisites: Graduate standing and consent of instructor. Individual supervision of research leading to the preparation of a thesis, research paper, or publishable article, in which the student demonstrates skills in the discipline of sociology.

5492(492) Advanced Sociological Theory (3)
Prerequisite: Sociology 3210(210) or consent of instructor. Recent and current developments in sociological theory in light of its tradition and methodological issues. The state of modern theory with regard to specific conceptual, substantive, and methodological concerns.

5495(495) Sociological Reporting (3)
Prerequisites: Sociology 5400(400), Sociology 5402(402), and Sociology 5404(404). As part of the M.A. degree exit requirement, the seminar offers directed practice in the interpretation and reporting of sociological data in a wide range of styles, including those appropriate for research reports, journal articles, policy papers, nontechnical magazines, books, and monographs, as well as oral reports to diverse consumers. Ethical dimensions of interpretation and dissemination are explored.

5498(498) Advanced Seminar in Gerontology (3)
Prerequiste: Graduate standing.† This course will provide in-depth analysis of specialized topics in Gerontology which are not covered in required courses.† (Course may be repeated for a maximum of nine credits, assuming topics are different.)

6200(452) Family Policy (3)
Same as Pol Sci 6416(416) and SW 6200(452)
Prerequisites: SW 5200(410) or equivalent or consent of instructor and graduate standing.† Examines policy development, implementation and impact of social policies on children, youth, and families. International, national, and state policies that affect basic family needs will be the  focus, including topics such as economic support, health care, child care and protection, and child and youth development.† Intended and unintended consequences of existing policies on the family will be examined as well as future policy directions.

6442(442) Minority Aging (3)
Same as Gerontology 6442(442). Prerequisite: Sociology 4361(361) or consent of instructor. The experience of aging for racial and ethnic minority elderly will be examined in the context of their families, communities, and society. Key questions concerning minority elderly frame the course, such as the relative importance of culture versus social structure, and the applicability of gerontological theory to the minority aging experience.

6445(445) Sociological Dimensions of Chronic Illness (3)
Same as Gerontology 6445(445). Prerequisite: Sociology 5400(400) or consent of instructor. The consequences of chronic illness for social roles, family and organizational dynamics, and the functioning of society are examined. Chronic illness is presented as both a medical problem and a social phenomenon that is shaped by the changing age structure of society.

6446(446) Selected Topics in Health Care Policy (3)
Same as Public Policy Administration 6460(446) and Pol Sci 6446(446). Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. The study of specialized issues and methods relating to health care policy. May be repeated for credit, provided the subject matter is different.