P-30: Rose Barge Line Collection
SCOPE AND CONTENT
The Rose Barge Line Collection at the Herman T. Pott National Inland Waterways Library contains photographs of the vessels of the Rose Barge Line as well as other companies vessels. There are also photographs dealing with the aftermath of Hurricane Betsy, taken along the banks of the Mississippi River around the New Orleans area.
HISTORY OF THE ROSE BARGE LINE
Rose Barge Line Incorporated (RBL) made its debut in 1952 as a transporting towing company on the waterways of St. Louis. Founders and brothers, Earl C. Rose Jr. and Joseph W. Rose saw a future for themselves as major contributors in inland waterway transportation on the Illinois and Mississippi rivers. Due to budget constraints, Earl and Joe initially operated a 400 hp. towboat, the Barry Dean, the only transport between Joliet and Chicago, with the brothers as the only crew members. Demand for the tow operations increased allowing for company expansions within a year. The brothers added an 800 hp. towboat, the J.W. Rose The vessel became a fixture at the St. Louis Shipbuilding and Steel Company and cruised between St. Louis and the upper Illinois River in the oil trade. Success continued for RBL as another tow, the 1,600 hp. Cindy Jo came on the scene in 1956. Things were going so well, the brothers developed plans for more barges and towboats.
In the early part of the decade, RBL decided to focus on dry bulk goods such as grain and move away from the oil business. Regular routes to the Gulf Coast became common place. This meant the purchase of even more barges. Between 1961 and 1966, RBL acquired 117 hopper barges. Then during 1966 to 1967, RBL decided to replace all existing boats with more up-to-date models. The new line began with the American Beauty, a 5,000 hp. tow designed by St. Louis Ship, based in Caruthersville, MO. In 1969, there was a follow-up sister ship, the Crimson Glory, described as a state of the art vessel for inland waterways. Also at this time, RBL secured White Dawn and White Night; both Illinois River tows rebuilt to 3,200 hp.
By 1972, RBL employed approximately 260 people and provided service along a 1,400 mile route between Chicago and New Orleans. Besides towing service, RBL had barge repair and maintenance lines at centrally located areas, along with a fleeting operation in the New Orleans harbor.
The year 1972 also marked the 20th year anniversary of RBL with major additions to its fleet. This included a seventh tow along with 32 box barges each with a capacity of 1,670 tons at a nine-foot draft. (Waterways Journal, Sept. 16, 1972) Beginning in October, the plan was to have St. Louis Ship construct two barges weekly to expand services for dry bulk goods for the entire Illinois and Mississippi river areas.
Also at this time, RBL services enhanced along the lower Mississippi with the powerful 7,000 hp. tow, the Jean Gladders. Chartered from Gladders Barge Line, Inc., it complimented other renowned tows already in place. These included the 3,200 hp. Vessels, the Crimson Glory, White Dawn and the White Knight. Two others were the 4,300 hp. Ohio and 6,600 hp. Maba Kelce. More new tows were expected in the future.
Three subsidiaries owned by RBL provided a solid foundation for inland waterways service. Based in New Orleans harbor was Kenner Shipyard, Inc; which comprised an underground system for gas and oxygen supplies, a 750-ton dry-docks and three tugs.
A few miles from Kenner Shipyard was Kenner Bend Fleet, a 24 hour service with fleeting facilities for 80-100 barges. KBF also had three tugs for streamlined customer service. These were the 800 hp. Lady Suzan and Karen Wayne, and the 400 hp. Dwarf King. In addition, KBF had barge inspections and a vessel, the Rigger II, that contained equipment for mobile barge repair and cleaning.
Another important subsidiary was the The Central Marine Supply, Inc, in Ottawa, IL. Central Marine Supply was a full service barge repair facility providing round the clock assistance. With five trucks, repair personnel travelled along the Illinois River offering on sight repairs for customers.
RBL had expanded beyond the founders expectations. It had grown to become one of the largest and most successful tow operations in the American inland waterways. While still doing well, the Rose family sold RBL. Afterwards, it became known as Agri-Trans Corporation. In 1978, Joseph W. Rose came out of retirement to become head of the Wisconsin Barge Line that had recently relocated to St. Louis.
Archival materials in the Pott Library do not circulate, but may be used by researchers at the library during reading room hours. Researchers may arrange for copies of documents and photographs from the curator of the Pott Library for a fee, according to the St. Louis Mercantile Librarys Image and Price List.
A published finding aid for Special Collection P-11 is available for download, in .PDF and .RTF format. Some of the collection may be photocopied, digitally scanned, or photographed, depending on condition and/or restrictions.
Rose Barge Line Finding Aid (.pdf)
Rose Barge Line Finding Aid (.rtf)