Department of Psychology: Samuel J. Marwit
Dr. Marwit retired from the department in 2006.
For current contact information, please call the psychology department:
Phone: (314) 516-5391
Fax: (314) 516-5392
1959-1963: University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, B.A.
State University of New York, Buffalo, New York, Ph.D.
Professional Certificates and Licenses
Professor Emeritus, Psychology, University of Missouri - Saint Louis
Health Service Provider, State of Missouri
National Register of Health Service
Providers in Psychology
Diplomat in Clinical Psychology, American Board
of Professional Psychology
Fellow, American Academy of Clinical Psychology
Editorial Boards: Professional Psychology, 1978 - 1984
Omega: Journal of Death and Dying 2000
Death Studies 2001-
End of life issues, including grief and bereavement, chronic illness,
caregiving, hospice, behavioral telehealth.
One line of research is studying the grief
reactions of caregivers of patients with dementia. My collaborators include
Thomas Meuser, Ph.D.
(Alzheimer's Disease Research Center at Washington University Medical
School) and Sara Sanders, Ph.D. (School of Social Work at the University
of Iowa). We are looking at the grief process in caregivers at different
stages of the disease, including post-death, and also looking at differences
between spousal and adult child caregivers. So far, we have developed
a stage sensitive, caregiver type sensitive model of the course of grief,
as well as a stage sensitive, caregiver type sensitive scale of grief
that will allow professionals to focus intervention strategies appropriately.
The measure, the Marwit and Meuser Caregiver Grief Inventory (MM-CGI)
is now available in its original 50-item full scale version (Marwit& Meuser,
2002) and 15-item short form (Meuser, Marwit, & Sanders, in press).
Both versions allow for measurement of three factors: Personal Sacrifice
Burden, Heartfelt Sadness and Longing, and Worry and Felt Isolation.
Studies in progress include further validation of the MM-CGI, assessment
of its specificity, and use in clinical intervention, and the communication
patterns of couples where one spouse is in early to middle stages of
A second line of research is aimed at better understanding the nature
of grief as well as ways of coping with grief. Some of these studies
involve theoretical issues, such as the nature of grief, both normal
and complicated, and how they interplay with traditional DSM diagnostic
categories. I am also interested in the continuing bonds with deceased
relatives and mentors; i.e., the role played by the deceased in the ongoing
lives of the survivors. Along with others, I have looked at positive
continuing bonds, and now want to turn some attention to negative bonds;
that is, the ongoing role played by negatively valued deceased
I have done some work with spousal bereavement, but have always been
most interested in parental bereavement. Toward that end, I am collecting
data on parents who have had children die from accidents, illness, and
homicide. Along with a number of graduate student collaborators, I are
looking at various coping strategies following suppositions laid down
by theories of religious coping, assumptive world views, and posttraumatic
I am interested in hospice as an alternative to hospital care for the
dying. I have done some work with hospice programs, written a theoretical
paper on the role of mental health in hospice care, been part of an international
team which established Western-style hospice programs in the Baltic countries,
and currently am waiting word on a grant proposal to study hospice care
for Alzheimer's patients.
Recent (representative) Publications
Marwit, S. J., & Klass, D. (1988-89). Toward a model of parental
grief. Omega: Journal of Death and Dying, 19, 31‑50.
Marwit, S. J. (1991). DSM III‑R, grief reactions and a call for
revision. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 22,
Meuser, T., Davies R., & Marwit, S. J. (1995). Personality and conjugal
bereavement in mature widow(er)s. Omega: Journal of Death and Dying,
Marwit, S. J., & Klass, D. (1995). Grief and the role of the inner
representation of the deceased. Omega: Journal of Death and Dying,
30, 283-298. Expanded version in P. R. Silverman, S. Nickman, and
D. Klass, (Eds.), (1996), Continuing bonds: New understandings of
grief. Taylor and Francis.
Marwit, S. J. (1996). Reliability of diagnosing complicated grief: A
preliminary investigation. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology,
Datson, S., & Marwit, S. J. (1997) Personality constructs and perceived
presence of deceased loved ones. Death Studies, 21 (2), 131-146.
Marwit, S. J. (1997). Professional psychology's role in hospice care. Professional
Psychology: Research and Practice, 28(5), 457-463. Excerpted, by
request, in Crossroads of Life: National Hospice Magazine, (1998), 3(2).
Marwit, S. J., & Carusa, S. S. (1998). Communicated support following
loss: Examining the experiences of parental death and parental divorce
in adolescence. Death Studies. 21(2), 131-146.
Marwit, S. J., & Lessor, C. (2000). Role of deceased mentors in
the ongoing lives of proteges, Omega: Journal of Death and Dying,
Meuser, T. M, & Marwit, S. J. (In press). An integrative model of
personality, coping and appraisal for the prediction of grief involvement
in adults. Omega: Journal of Death and Dying.
Marwit, S. J. (In press). Grief and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. Encyclopedia
of Death and Dying.
Wickie, S. J., & Marwit, S. J. (In press). Assumptive World Views
of Parents of Murdered Children, Omega: Journal of Death and Dying..
Jorgensen, M., & Marwit, S. J., (In press). Social support needs
of patients with AIDS, AIDS Care.
Meuser, T., & Marwit, S. J. (2001). A comprehensive, stage-sensitive
model of grief in dementia caregiving. The Gerontologist, 41(5),
Marwit, S. J., & Datson, S., (2002). Disclosure preferences about
terminal illness: An examination of decision-related factors. Death
Studies, 26(1), 1-21.
Enright, B. P., & Marwit, S. J., (2002). Reliability of diagnosing
complicated grief: A closer look. Journal of Clinical Psychology,
Marwit, S.J., & Meuser, T. (2002). Development and initial validation
of an inventory to assess grief in caregivers of persons with Alzheimer's
Disease. The Gerontologist, 42(6), 751-765.
Matthews, L., & Marwit, S. J. Examining the assumptive world views
of parents bereaved by accident, homicide, and illness., (in press). Omega:
Journal of Death and Dying.
Meuser, T. M., Marwit, S. J., and Sanders, S. (in press). Grief and
dementia caregivers: A model for assessment and intervention. In K. Doka
(Ed.) Living with Grief: Alzheimer's Disease, Hospice Foundation
Grants Received and Pending
Development of a comprehensive, stage-sensitive model and associated
psychometric instrument for the measurement of anticipatory grief in
caregivers of individuals diagnosed with Alzheimer's Disease: A pilot
study. Alzheimer's Association (with T. Meuser, Alzheimer's Disease Research
Center, Washington University School of Medicine), period of study: 10/99-9/01,
Loss recognition and contextual awareness in the Alzheimer's caregiver-spouse
relationship: Towards a marital intervention for grief-related adjustment.
Alzheimer's Association (co-PI with T. Meuser, Alzheimer's Disease Research
Center, Washington University School of Medicine), period of study: 10/1/01-9/30/03,
A structured intervention to reduce caregiver grief and emotional distress:
Development and pilot study. Missouri State Alzheimer's Disease and Associated
Disorders (with T. Meuser, Alzheimer's Disease Research Center, Washington
University School of Medicine), recently notified of funding, $7,000.