Criminology and Criminal Justice

Research

 

Departmental faculty members publish the results of their research in top-tier, peer-reviewed journals and generate external funding from local, state and national government agencies and private foundations. Ph.D students and faculty members collaborate in a number of research projects.

Recent and forthcoming publications by Faculty and Students (current)

Articles in selected peer-reviewed journals (January 2004- January 2010)

Faculty monographs and books

Funded research projects

Recent and forthcoming publications by Faculty and Students

(updated November 2013)

* Denotes UMSL CCJ Ph.D. student ** Denotes UMSL CCJ Alumni

Cole, Simon and Michael Campbell. Forthcoming. From Subhumans to Superhumans: Evolutionary Hierarchy, Or What Became of Lombroso's Atavistic Criminals? In P. Knepper and P. J. Ystehede (eds.) The Complete Lombroso: 'Criminal Man' and Historical Revisionism. Routledge Press.

Miller, Jody, Kristin Carbone-Lopez, and Mikh V. Gunderman*. Forthcoming. Gendered narratives of self, addiction, and recovery among women methamphetamine users. In S. Sandberg and L. Presser (eds.) Crime as Story: An Introduction to Narrative Criminology. New York University Press.

Carson, Dena C., Dana Peterson, and Finn-Aage Esbensen. Forthcoming. Youth Gang Desistance: An examination of different operational definitions of desistance on the motivations, methods, and consequences associated with leaving the gang. Criminal Justice Review.

Melde, Chris** and Finn-Aage Esbensen. Forthcoming. The Relative Impact of Gang Status Transitions: Identifying the mechanisms of change in delinquency. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency.

Esbensen, Finn-Aage , D. Wayne Osgood, Dana Peterson, Terrance J. Taylor, and Dena C. Carson. Forthcoming. “Short and Long Term Outcome Results from a Multi-site Evaluation of the G.R.E.A.T. Program.” Criminology and Public Policy.

Esbensen, Finn-Aage and Kristy Matsuda.  Forthcoming. How do we know if we are preventing gang membership? In National Institute of Justice and Center for Disease Control (ed.), Principles of gang membership prevention. National Institute of Justice and Center for Disease Control.

Lauritsen, Janet L., Maribeth L. Rezey*, and Karen Heimer. Forthcoming. Violence and Economic Conditions in the U.S., 1973-2011: Gender, Race, and Ethnicity Patterns in the NCVS. Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice.

Campbell, Michael C. and Heather Schoenfeld. 2013. "The Transformation of America’s Penal Order: A Historicized Political Sociology of Punishment." American Journal of Sociology.

Carbone-Lopez, Kristin and Janet Lauritsen. 2013. Seasonal variation in violent victimization: Opportunity and the annual rhythm of the school calendar. Journal of Quantitative Criminology.

Miller, Jody and Kristin Carbone-Lopez. 2013. Gendered carceral regimes in Sri Lanka: Colonial laws, post-colonial practices, and the social control of sex workers. Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society.

Carbone-Lopez, Kristin. 2013. Across racial/ethnic boundaries: Investigating intimate violence within a national sample. Journal of Interpersonal Violence.

Carson, Dena C. and Finn-Aage Esbensen. 2013. The Mediating Effects of Delinquent Attitudes on Race, Race Heterogeneity, and Violent Offending. Journal of Crime and Justice.

Carson, Dena C., Finn-Aage Esbensen, and T.J. Taylor. 2013. A Longitudinal Analysis of the Relationship between School Victimization and Student Mobility. Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice.

Carson, Dena C. 2013. Perceptions of Prosocial and Delinquent Peer Behavior and the Effect on Delinquent Attitudes: A Longitudinal Study. Journal of Criminal Justice.

Stowell, Jacob I. and Stephanie DiPietro. 2013. Ethnicity, Crime, and Immigration in the United States: Crimes By and Against Immigrants. In M. Tonry and S. Bucerius (eds.) The Oxford Handbook of Ethnicity, Crime, and Immigration. New York: Oxford University Press.

McGloin, Jean Marie and Stephanie DiPietro. 2013. Girls, Friends, and Delinquency. In F. T. Cullen and P. Wilcox (eds.) The Oxford Handbook of Criminological Theory. New York: Oxford University Press.

Esbensen, Finn-Aage . 2013. Editorial Introduction: Civil gang injunctions. Criminology and Public Policy.

Melde, Chris** and Finn-Aage Esbensen. 2013. Gangs and Violence: Disentangling the Impact of Gang Membership on the Level and Nature of Offending. Journal of Quantitative Criminology.

Esbensen, Finn-Aage and L. Thomas Winfree, Jr. 2013. Motivations for Gang Joining: Does Context Matter? In K. Boers, T. Feltes, J. Kinzig, L.W. Sherman, F. Streng, and G. Trueg (eds.) Criminology, Crime Policy, and Penal Law: Festschrift for Hans-Juergen Kerner on the Occasion of his 70th Birthday. Tuebingen, Germany: Mohr Publishing.

Esbensen, Finn-Aage and Kristy N. Matsuda. 2013. Program Evaluation: How Do We Know If We Are Preventing Gang Membership? In T.R. Simon, N.M. Ritter, R. Mahendra. (eds.), Changing Course: Preventing Gang Joining. (NCJ 239234). National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, and National Institute of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice. Washington, DC. 

Esbensen , Finn-Aage, Dana Peterson, Terrance J. Taylor, and D. Wayne Osgood. 2013. Is G.R.E.A.T Effective? Program Implementation Quality and Results from the National Evaluation of the Gang Resistance Education and Training (G.R.E.A.T.) Program. In C.L. Maxson, J. Miller, M. Klein, and A. Egley (Eds.) The Modern Gang Reader, 4th edition. New York: Oxford University Press.

Huebner, Beth M. and Breanne Pleggenkuhle**. 2013.Residential Location, Household Composition, and Recidivism: An Analysis by Gender. Justice Quarterly.

Rydberg, Jason, Eric Grommon, Beth M. Huebner, and Timothy S. Bynum. 2013. The Effect of Statewide Residency Restrictions on Sex Offender Post Release Housing Mobility. Justice Quarterly.

Kras, Kimberly, R .* and Beth M. Huebner. 2013. Transitional Housing for Sex Offenders. Sex Offender Law Report.

Kras, Kimberly R.*. 2013. Offender perceptions of mandated substance abuse treatment: an exploratory analysis of offender experiences in a community-based treatment program. Journal of Drug Issues.

Lauritsen, Janet L. and Maribeth L. Rezey*. 2013. Measuring the Prevalence of Crime with the  National Crime Victimization Survey. Washington DC: U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. NCJ241656.

Lauritsen, Janet L ., Ekaterina Gorislavsky*, and Karen Heimer. 2013. Economic Conditions and Violent Victimization Trends among Youth: Guns, Serious Violence, and Homicide 1973-2005. In R. Rosenfeld, M. Edberg, X. Fang, and C. Florence (eds.), Economics and Youth Violence: Crime, Disadvantage, and Community. NYU Press.

Pickering, Jordan C*. 2013. Restorative Justice. In K. J. Peak (ed.) The Encyclopedia of Community Policing and Problem Solving. Thousand Oaks, California: SAGE Publications.

Rosenfeld, Richard, Karen Terry, and Preeti Chahaun. 2013. New York’s Crime Drop Puzzle: Introduction to the Special Issue. Justice Quarterly.

Rosenfeld, Richard, and Robert Fornango**. 2013. The Impact of Police Stops on Precinct Robbery and Burglary Rates in New York City, 2003 – 2010. Justice Quarterly.

Slocum, Lee Ann . 2013. General Strain Theory: Explaining inter- and intra-individual differences in offending. In G. Bruinsma & D. Weisburd (eds.), Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice. Springer Verlag.

Slocum, Lee Ann. Criminal justice data sources. 2013. In R. Wright (ed.), Oxford Bibliographies in Criminology. New York: Oxford University Press.

Slocum, Lee Ann, Andres F. Rengifo, Tiffany Choi**, and Christopher R. Herrmann. 2013. The Elusive Relationship Between Community Organizations and Crime: An Assessment Across Disadvantaged Areas of the South Bronx. Criminology.

Simpson, Sally S., Carole Gibbs, Melissa Rorie, Lee Ann Slocum, Mark A. Cohen, and Michael Vandenbergh. 2013. An empirical Assessment of Corporate Environmental Crime-Control Strategies. Journal of Criminal Law & Criminology.

Berg, Mark**, Lee Ann Slocum, and Rolf Loeber. 2013. Illegal behavior, neighborhood contexts, and police reporting by victims of violence. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency.

Matsuda, Kristy, Chris Melde**, Terrance J. Taylor, Adrienne Freng, and Finn-Aage Esbensen. 2013. Gang Membership and Adherence to the ‘Code of the Street.’ Justice Quarterly.

Vecchio, J. Michael* . 2013. Once bitten, thrice wise: The varying effects of victimization on routine activities and risk management. Deviant Behavior.

Porter, Lauren and Matt Vogel. 2013. Residential mobility and delinquency revisited: Causation or selection? Journal of Quantitative Criminology. *Authors listed alphabetically

Wiley, Stephanie A.* and Finn-Aage Esbensen. 2013. The Effect of Police Contact: Does Official Intervention Result in Deviance Amplification? Crime & Delinquency.

Wiley, Stephanie A.*, Lee Ann Slocum, and Finn-Aage Esbensen. 2013. The Unintended Consequences of Being Stopped or Arrested: An Exploration of the Labeling Mechanisms Through Which Police Contact Leads to Subsequent Delinquency. Criminology.

Jacques, Scott** and Richard Wright. 2013. How Victimized Drug Traders Mobilize Police. Journal of Contemporary Ethnography.

Topalli, Volkan and Richard Wright. 2013. Affect and the Dynamic Foreground of Predatory Street Crime: Desperation, Anger, and Fear. In J.L. Van Gelder, J.L. and H. Effers (eds.) Affect and Cognition in Offender Decision-Making. New York: Routledge.

Wright, Richard and Volkan Topalli. 2013. Choosing Street Crime. In F. Cullen and P. Wilcox (eds.) The Oxford Handbook of Criminological Theory. New York: Oxford University Press.

Jacques, Scott** and Richard Wright. 2013. Drug Dealing and Culture in Suburbia. In F. Cullen and P. Wilcox (eds.) The Oxford Handbook of Criminological Theory. New York: Oxford University Press.

Rengifo, Andres F. and Amanda Bolton*. 2012. Routine Activities and Fear of Crime: Specifying Individual-Level Mechanisms. European Journal of Criminology.

Carbone-Lopez, Kristin, Jennifer Gatewood Owens*, and Jody Miller. 2012. Women’s ‘storylines’ of methamphetamine initiation in the Midwest. Journal of Drug Issues.

Carbone-Lopez, Kristin and Jody Miller. 2012. Precocious role entry as a mediating factor in women’s methamphetamine use: Implications for life-course and pathways research. Criminology.

Carbone-Lopez, Kristin, Ross Macmillan and Callie Rennison. 2012. The transcendence of violence across relationships: New methods for understanding men’s and women’s experiences of intimate partner violence across the life course. Journal of Quantitative Criminology.

Carbone-Lopez, Kristin. 2012. The life course consequences of childhood sexual assault: Effects on relationship formation and intimate violence across relationships. In L. Carpenter and J. DeLamter (eds.), Sex for Life: From Virginity to Viagra, How Sexuality Changes Throughout our Lives. New York University Press.

Peterson, Dana and Dena C. Carson. 2012. Group Sex Composition and Youths Delinquency: A Comparison of Gang and Non-gang Peer Groups. In Finn-Aage Esbensen and Cheryl L. Maxson (eds.), Youth Gangs in International Perspective: Tales from the Eurogang Program of Research. New York: Springer.

McGloin, Jean Marie and Stephanie DiPietro. 2012. Girls, Friends, and Delinquency. In Francis T. Cullen and Pamela Wilcox (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Criminological Theory. New York: Oxford University Press.

DiPietro, Stephanie and Jean Marie McGloin. 2012. Differential Susceptibility? Immigrant Youth and Peer Influence. Criminology.

Johnson, Brian and Stephanie DiPietro. 2012. The Power of Diversion: Intermediate Sanctions and Sentencing Disparity under Presumptive Guidelines. Criminology.

DiPietro, Stephanie and Robert J. Bursik, Jr. 2012. Studies of the New Immigration: The Dangers of Pan-ethnic Classifications. The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science.

Esbensen, Finn-Aage and Dena C. Carson. 2012. Who are the Gangsters? An Examination of the Age, Race/ethnicity, Sex, and Immigration Status of Self-reported Gang Members in a Seven City Study of American Youth. Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice

Esbensen, Finn-Aage, Dana Peterson, Terrance J. Taylor, and D. Wayne Osgood. 2012. Results from a Multi-Site Evaluation of the G.R.E.A.T. Program. Justice Quarterly.

Esbensen, Finn-Aage. 2012. “Foreword – Gangs and Gang Members: Some Definitional Issues.” In F. Leinfelt and A. Rostami (eds.) Panther: The Stockholm Gang Model. Stockholm, Sweden: Erlanders Sverige.

Esbensen, Finn-Aage and Cheryl L. Maxson. 2012. “The Eurogang Program of Research and Multimethod Comparative Gang Research: Introduction.” In F.-A. Esbensen and C.L. Maxson (eds.). Youth Gangs in International Perspective: Results from the Eurogang Program of Research. New York, NY: Springer.

Maxson, Cheryl L. and Finn-Aage Esbensen. 2012. “The Intersection of Gang Definition and Group Process: Concluding Observations.” In F.-A. Esbensen and C.L. Maxson (eds.). Youth Gangs in International Perspective: Results from the Eurogang Program of Research. New York, NY: Springer.

Melde, Chris** and Finn-Aage Esbensen. 2012. The Onset of Gang Membership as a Turning Point in the Life Course. In F.-A. Esbensen and C.L. Maxson, Youth Gangs in International Perspective: Results from the Eurogang Program of Research. New York, NY: Springer.

Matsuda, Kristy N., Finn-Aage Esbensen, and Dena C. Carson. 2012. “Putting the ‘Gang’ in Eurogang; Characteristics of Delinquent Youth Groups by Different Definitional Approaches.” In F.-A. Esbensen and C.L. Maxson (under contract). Youth Gangs in International Perspective: Results from the Eurogang Program of Research. New York, NY: Springer.

Huebner, Beth M. 2012. The Missouri Model: A Critical State of Knowledge In National Research Council (Ed.), Reforming Juvenile Justice: A Developmental Approach. Washington DC: The National Academies Press

Cobbina, Jennifer**, Beth M. Huebner, and Mark Berg**. 2012. Men, Women, and Post-Release Offending: An Examination of the Nature of the Link between Relational Ties and Recidivism. Crime & Delinquency.

Klinger, David A. 2012. Back to Basics: Some Thoughts on the Importance of Organized Skepticism in Criminology and Public Policy. Criminology & Public Policy.

Klinger, David A. 2012. On the Problems and Promise of Research on Lethal Police Violence: A Research Note. Homicide Studies.

Klinger, David A. 2012. Police Training as an Instrument of Accountability. Saint Louis University Public Law Review.

Klinger, David.2012. On the Problems and Promise of Research on Lethal Police Violence: A Research Note. Homicide Studies.

Klinger, David. 2012. Dealing with Downed Suspects: Some Lessons from the VALOR Project About How to Properly Manage the Immediate Aftermath of Officer-Involved Shootings. Police Chief.

White, Michael D. and David Klinger. 2012. Contagious Fire?" An Empirical Assessment of the "Problem" of Multi-Shooter/Multi-Shot Deadly Force Incidents in Police Work. Crime and Delinquency.

Xie, Min, Janet L. Lauritsen, and Karen Heimer. 2012. Intimate Partner Violence in US Metropolitan Areas: The Contextual Influences of Police and Social Services. Criminology.

Xie, Min, Karen Heimer, and Janet L. Lauritsen. 2012. Violence Against Women in US Metropolitan Areas: Changes in Womens Status and Risk, 1980-2004. Criminology.

Xie, Min and Janet L. Lauritsen. 2012. Racial Context and Crime Reporting: A Test of Blacks Stratification Hypothesis. Journal of Quantitative Criminology.

Lauritsen, Janet L., Jennifer Gatewood Owens*, Michael Planty, Michael R. Rand, and Jennifer L. Truman. 2012. Methods for Counting High-Frequency Repeat Victimizations in the National Crime Victimization Survey. Washington DC: U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics, NCJ 237308.

Matsuda, Kristy, Finn-Aage Esbensen, and Dena C. Carson. 2012. Putting the Gang in Eurogang; Characteristics of Delinquent Youth Groups by Different Definitional approaches. In F.-A. Esbensen and C.L. Maxson, Youth Gangs in International Perspective: Results from the Eurogang Program of Research. New York, NY: Springer.

Miller, Jody and Andrea Nichols*. 2012. Identity, Sexuality, Commercial Sex Among Sri Lankan Nachchi. Invited Article. Sexualities.

Owens, Jennifer G.* and Lee Ann Slocum. 2012. Abstainers in Adolescence and Adulthood: Exploring the Correlates of Abstention Using Moffitt's Developmental Taxonomy. Crime & Delinquency.

Rosenfeld, Richard, and Steven F. Messner. 2012. Unemployment, Homicide, and the Welfare State. In Jianhong Liu and Cheng Jin (eds.) Master Criminologists on the Science of Crime Control, Vol. 2. Beijing, China: People’s Publishing House.

Rojeck, Jeff**, Richard Rosenfeld, and Scott Decker. 2012. Policing Race: The Racial Stratification of Searches in Police Traffic Stops. Criminology.

Rosenfeld, Richard, Jeff Rojek**, & Scott Decker. 2012. Age Matters: Race Differences in Police Searches of Young and Older Male Drivers. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency.

Rosenfeld, Richard. 2012. Institutional Analysis in Criminology: An Overview of the Current Volume. In Richard Rosenfeld, Kenna Quinet, and Crystal Garcia (eds.) Contemporary Issues in Criminological Theory and Research: The Role of Social Institutions. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.

Rosenfeld, Richard, Helene R. White, and Finn-Aage Esbensen. 2012. Special Categories of Serious and Violence Offenders: Drug Dealers, Gang Members, Homicide Offenders, and Sex Offenders. In R. Loeber and D.F. Farrington (eds.) From Juvenile Delinquency to Adult Crime: Criminal Careers, Justice Policy, and Prevention. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Morris, Nancy and Lee Ann Slocum. 2012. Estimating country level terrorism trends using group-based trajectory analysis: A comparison of latent class growth analysis and general mixture modeling. Journal of Quantitative Criminology.

Slocum, Lee Ann, Andres F. Rengifo, and Kristin Carbone-Lopez. 2012. Specifying the strain-violence link: The role of emotions in women’s use of violence. Victims and Offenders.

Jacques, Scott** and Richard Wright. 2012. Ironies of Crime, Control, and Criminology. Critical Criminology.

Stacey, Michele**, Kristin Carbone-Lopez, and Richard Rosenfeld. 2011. Demographic change and ethnically motivated crime: The impact of immigration on anti-Hispanic hate crime in the United States. Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice.

Gottfredson, Denise and Stephanie DiPietro. 2011. School Size, Social Bonding, and Student Victimization. Sociology of Education.

Melde, Chris** and Finn-Aage Esbensen. 2011. Gang Membership as a Turning Point in the Life Course. Criminology.

Esbensen, Finn-Aage and Dana Peterson. 2011. Youth Gangs. In B. Bradford Brown and Mitchell Prinstein (eds.), Encyclopedia of Adolescence. Oxford, UK: Elsevier Inc.

Esbensen, Finn-Aage, Kristy Matsuda, Terrance J. Taylor, and Dana Peterson. 2011. Multimethod Strategy for Assessing Program Fidelity: The national evaluation of the revised G.R.E.A.T. program. Evaluation Review.

Peterson, Dana and Finn-Aage Esbensen. 2011. Preventing Youth Gang Involvement with G.R.E.A.T. In S.R. Jimerson, M.J. Furlong, A.B. Nickerson & M.J. Mayer (eds.), The Handbook of School Violence and School Safety: International Research and Practice (2nd Edition). New York, NY: Routledge.

Esbensen, Finn-Aage, Dana Peterson, Terrance J. Taylor, Adrienne Freng, D. Wayne Osgood, Dena C. Carson*, and Kristy N. Matsuda. 2011. Evaluation and Evolution of the Gang Resistance Education and Training (G.R.E.A.T.) Program. Journal of School Violence.

Varano, Sean P, Beth Huebner, and Timothy S. Bynum. 2011. Correlates and Consequences of Pre-Incarceration Gang Involvement among Incarcerated Youthful Felons.Journal of Criminal Justice

Berg, Mark** and Beth M. Huebner. 2011. Reentry and the Ties that Bind: An Examination of Social Ties, Employment, and Recidivism. Justice Quarterly.

Klinger, David and Charles “Sid” Heal. 2011. Manifestations of Aggression: Terrorism, Crime, and War.” In Brian Forst, Jack Greene, and James Lynch (eds.), Criminologists on Terrorism and Homeland Security. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Lauritsen, Janet L. and Kristin Carbone-Lopez. 2011. Gender Differences in Risk Factors for Violent Victimization: An Examination of Individual-, Family-, and Community-Level Predictors. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency.

Nichols, Andrea*. 2011. Gendered Organizations: Challenges for Domestic Violence Victim Advocates and Feminist Advocacy. Feminist Criminology.

Rosenfeld, Richard. 2011. Changing Crime Rates. In James Q. Wilson and Joan Petersilia (eds.), Crime and Public Policy. New York: Oxford University Press.

Rosenfeld, Richard. 2011. The Big Picture: 2010 Presidential Address to the American Society of Criminology. Criminology.

Rosenfeld, Richard. 2011. From Mass Incarceration to Targeted Policing: Introduction to the Special Issue. Criminology and Public Policy.

Rosenfeld, Richard and Steven F. Messner. 2011. The Intellectual Origins of Institutional-Anomie Theory. In Francis T. Cullen, Cheryl Lero Jonson, Andrew J. Myer, and Freda Adler (eds.), The Origins of American Criminology: Advances in Criminological Theory, Volume 16, New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers.

Messner, Steven F., Richard Rosenfeld, and Susanne Karstedt. 2011. Social Institutions and Crime. In Francis T. Cullen and Pamela Wilcox (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Criminological Theory. New York: Oxford University Press.

Rosenfeld, Richard, Jeff Rojek**, and Scott Decker. 2011. "Age Matters: Race Differences in Police Searches of Young and Older Male Drivers." Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency.

Slocum, Lee Ann, Sally S. Simpson, Alison Hipwell, and Rolf Loeber. 2011. "Young Girls' and Caretakers' Reports of Problem Behavior: Comprehension and Concordance Across Age, Gender, Race, and Behavior Type. Youth & Society.

Bennett, Trevor, Scott Jacques**, and Richard Wright. 2011. The Emergence and Evolution of Drug User Groups in the UK. Addiction Research and Theory.

Jacques, Scott** and Richard Wright. 2011. Informal Control and Illicit Drug Trade. Criminology.

See also: Articles in selected peer-reviewed journals (January 2004- January 2010)

Current Funded Research Projects

Stephanie DiPietro (Principal Investigator) . A Qualitative Study of Bosnian Refugees in St. Louis. University of Missouri St. Louis Arts and Sciences Dean’s Research Award.

Finn-Aage Esbensen (Principal Investigator). A Multi-method, Multi-site Study of Gang Desistance. National Institute of Justice (2011-2014).

Beth M. Huebner (Principal Investigator). The Forgotten Cornerstone: A Qualitative Study of the Relatives of Gang Members Who are Returning to Society from Prison. National Science Foundation.

Janet Lauritsen (Principal Investigator). "Visiting Fellow: National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) Redesign." Bureau of Justice Statistics.

Richard Rosenfeld (Principal Investigator). "Evaluating a Researcher-Practitioner Partnership and Field Experiment." National Institute of Justice (2013).

Richard Rosenfeld (Principal Investigator). The Impact of Stop, Question, and Frisk on Crime in New York, 2006 - 2011. Research Foundation of the City University of New York (2012-2013).

Richard T. Wright (Principal Investigator) and Timothy E. Dickinson*. Conflict and Social Control among Middle-Class Drug Dealers. University of Missouri Research Board.

Recently Completed Research Projects

Kristin Carbone-Lopez (Principal Investigator).Gender Differences in Weapon Use During Violent Offenses. University of Missouri St. Louis Arts and Sciences Dean’s Research Award (2010-2012).

Bianca Bersani and Stephanie DiPietro (Co-Principal Investigators). An Examination of the ‘Marriage Effect’ among U.S. Immigrants. W.E.B. Du Bois Fellowship, National Institute of Justice (2011-2013).

Finn-Aage Esbensen (Principal Investigator). Process and Outcome Evaluation of G.R.E.A.T. National Institute of Justice (2006-2013). Co-Investigators: Terrance J. Taylor, D. Wayne Osgood and Dana Peterson.

Beth M. Huebner (Principal Investigator). Recidivism Patterns among Inmates in the Eastern District of Missouri: An Evaluation of the Gang Resistance Intervention Program. University of Missouri St. Louis Arts and Sciences Dean’s Research Award (2011-2013).

David Klinger (Principal Investigator). Promoting Officer Safety Against Violent Attacks Through the Promotion of Safety Culture. Bureau of Justice Assistance/The Institute for Intergovernmental Research (2012-13)

Dave Klinger (Principal Investigator). Deadly Force Decision Making and Other Aspects of Officer-Involved Shootings. Bureau of Justice Assistance/The Institute for Intergovernmental Research (2011).

David Klinger (Principal Investigator). The Role of Civilian Police Forces in Post-Conflict Peace-Keeping Missions. United States Institute of Peace (2010).

Janet Lauritsen (Co-Principal Investigator). "Collaborative Proposal: Violent Victimization in the U.S.: The Vulnerability of Minorities and Women Over Time." National Science Foundation (2011-2012). Co-Principal Investigators: Karen Heimer and Joseph Lang.

Richard Rosenfeld (Principal Investigator). Transition from Jail to Community. City of Saint Louis (2012-2013).

Richard Rosenfeld(Principal Investigator). Understanding the Crime Drop in New York. Research Foundation of the City University of New York (2010-2011).

Richard Rosenfeld (Principal Investigator). The Contextual Relationship Between Individual Level Violence and Macro Level Economic Factors. Centers for Disease Control (2008-2010).

Richard Rosenfeld (Principal Investigator). Recidivism over Time and Space: An Analysis of Prisoners Released in 1983 and 1994. American Statistical Association (June 1, 2010 – May 31, 2011). Co-investigator: Brian Oliver**.

Richard Wright and Richard Rosenfeld (with Scott Jacques**) (Co-Principal Investigators). The Influence of Respectability on Predation and Social Control. National Science Foundation (2008-2010).

Lee Ann Slocum (Co-Investigator) with Andres F. Rengifo (PI). Dynamics of Crime, Order, and Disorder.” University of Missouri Research Board Award.

Timothy S. Bynum, and Beth M. Huebner (Co-Principal Investigators), The Efficacy of Sex Offender Residency Restrictions in Michigan and Missouri. National Institute of Justice (2008-2012).

Janet L. Lauritsen and Karen Heimer (Co-Principal Investigators), Gender and Violent Victimization, 1973-2005. National Institute of Justice (2007-2009).

Finn-Aage Esbensen (Principal Investigator). Evaluation of Teens, Crime, and the Community Program and Community Works Training. National Institute of Justice (2003-2009).