The original G.R.E.A.T. program was developed by Phoenix area law enforcement agencies in 1991, and quickly spread throughout the United States. The original G.R.E.A.T. program operated as a nine-lesson lecture-based curriculum taught primarily in middle-school settings. In 1994, Dr. Finn-Aage Esbensen at the University of Missouri - St. Louis was awarded funding by the National Institute of Justice to evaluate the effectiveness of the original G.R.E.A.T. program. This longitudinal research study found no differences between G.R.E.A.T. and non-G.R.E.A.T. youth in terms of gang membership and involvement in delinquent behavior. Based in part on these findings, the G.R.E.A.T. program underwent a critical review that resulted in substantial program modifications. The effectiveness of the revised curriculum is currently under investigation.
Funding Award: $1,560,000
Publications from the original G.R.E.A.T. evaluation: