Public Policy Administration

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Faculty

Deborah B. Balser, Associate Professor of Public Policy Administration and Business Administration, Director of Public Policy Administration
Ph.D., Cornell University
Glen H. Cope, Professor of Public Policy Administration and Political Science, Provost and Vice Chancellor for Academic Affairs
Ph.D., Ohio State University
Todd Swanstrom, E. Des Les Professor of Public Policy Administration, Professor of Political Science
Ph.D., Princeton University
E. Terrence Jones, Professor of Public Policy Administration and Political Science
Ph.D., Georgetown University
Anne E. Winkler, Professor of Public Policy Administration and Economics
Ph.D., University of Illinois
Jean Germain Gros, Associate Professor of Public Policy Administration and Political Science
Ph.D., University of California‑Berkeley
Nancy T. Kinney, Associate Professor of Political Science and Public Policy Administration, Academic Director of Nonprofit Management & Leadership Program
Ph.D., University of Colorado at Denver
James M. Krueger, C.P.A., Assistant Professor of Public Policy Administration and Accounting, Vice Chancellor of Managerial and Technology Services
D.B.A., Indiana University
Walter M. Siewert, Assistant Professor of Professional Practice, Public Policy Administration and Political Science, Director of the Center for Ethics in Public Life
Ph.D., University of California Santa Barbara
Adriano Udani, Assistant Professor of Public Policy Administration and Political Science
Ph.D., University of Minnesota
Mark Tranel, Research Associate Professor of Public Policy Administration, Director of Public Policy Research Center
Ph.D., St. Louis University
William Winter, Research Assistant Professor of Public Policy Administration, Research Specialist, Public Policy Research Center
Ph.D., University of Missouri - St. Louis
Daniel Sise, Instructor and Community Engagement Associate of Nonprofit Management & Leadership Program
J.D., University of Illinois College of Law
Julianne Stone, Director, Local Government Partnership, Public Policy Administration; Manager, Community Engagement and Local Government Services, East-West Gateway Council of Governments
M.A., Washington University
Carol W. Kohfeld, Professor Emeritus of Public Policy Administration and Political Science
Ph.D., Washington University
George J. McCall, Professor Emeritus of Public Policy Administration and Sociology
Ph.D., Harvard University
Donald Phares, Professor Emeritus of Public Policy Administration and Economics
Ph.D., Syracuse University
Lana Stein, Professor Emeritus of Political Science and Public Policy Administration
Ph.D., Michigan State University
Andrew D. Glassberg, Founders Professor of Public Policy Administration and Political Science
Ph.D., Yale University
John E. McClusky, Affiliate Associate Professor Emeritus of Public Policy Administration and Political Science
Ph.D., University of California - Berkeley

General Information

The University of Missouri-St. Louis’ Public Policy Administration (P P ADM) program has three components: the Master of Public Policy Administration (MPPA) degree program, the Nonprofit Management and Leadership Program (NPML), and the Local Government Partnership (LGP).

The Master of Public Policy Administration (MPPA) is an interdisciplinary program designed to prepare students for managerial and policy analysis positions in the public and non-profit sectors or related organizations. The MPPA is part of the Public Policy Administration program, an independent unit of the UMSL Graduate School, and is accredited by the National Association of Schools of Public Affairs and Administration (NASPAA).

A key strength of the program is the experienced faculty, all of whom are committed to the success of our students. Core faculty members hold joint appointments in public policy administration and related departments, such as economics, political science, sociology, and business administration. Adjunct instructors also have considerable professional, educational, and teaching experience and play an important role in connecting our students with the professional community.

The full facilities of Campus Computing, and the Laboratory for Quantitative Analysis are available. UMSL is a member of the Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research, the Association for Public Policy & Management (APPAM), Nonprofit Academic Centers Council (NACC) and NASPAA.

Admission Requirements
Applicants must meet the following program admission requirements in addition to the general requirements of the Graduate School.

By the time of enrollment, prospective students must have obtained a baccalaureate degree or the equivalent from an accredited college or university. A minimum GPA of 3.0 on a 4.0 scale is required to be considered for regular admission. This GPA is higher than the minimum for the Graduate School. An undergraduate GPA below 3.0 will be considered on an individual basis for restricted admission. Applicants must demonstrate proficiency in college algebra or the equivalent. Graduate coursework also will be taken into consideration.

Applicants must obtain three letters of recommendation. The letters should be from those who are familiar with your professional and/or academic skills. At least one of the letters must be from a current or former college-level instructor. Written letters of recommendation must accompany the downloadable recommendation forms from the Graduate School. These materials should be sent by the letter writer directly to the MPPA program.

Applicants are required to submit a 2-3 page personal statement to demonstrate competence in writing. The statement should explain how the MPPA program fits in with the applicant's educational and professional goals. This personal statement should be sent directly to the MPPA program; the statement of purpose in the web-based admission application is not sufficient. Applicants must submit official transcripts documenting the baccalaureate degree and all other prior college and graduate-level coursework completed.

Degree Requirements
The MPPA degree consists of 40 credit hours, 28 of which are taken as part of the core curriculum and 12 that are electives.  Students who complete the degree must demonstrate the following:

Core Curriculum
All candidates for the MPPA degree must complete 28 hours in the core curriculum sequence composed of the following public policy administration courses:
Policy Analysis and Economics
P P ADM 6000, Introduction to Policy Analysis
P P ADM 6900, Cases in Public Policy Administration
P P ADM 6080, Microeconomics for Policy Analysis
P P ADM 6210, Public Sector Microeconomics

Public Administration and Budgeting
P P ADM 6400, Proseminar in Public Administration
P P ADM 6600, Organizational Behavior and Administrative Processes
P P ADM 6180, Governmental Budgeting and Financial Control

Statistics, Research Methods, and Information Technology
P P ADM 6010, Introduction to Policy Research
P P ADM 6750, Introduction to Evaluation Research Methods
P P ADM 6850, Information Technology and the Public and Nonprofit Sectors

A thesis is not required to complete the program. However, writing is an important component of the degree, and students will complete written analyses as part of their coursework and/or internship.

P P ADM 6000 should be taken at the beginning of the program. It is strongly recommended that P P ADM 6010 and P P ADM 6080 be taken early in a student’s course plan. P P ADM 6900 is a capstone course and must be taken toward the end of the program.

Students may select one of four emphasis areas in which to concentrate their advanced studies: (1) managing human resources and organizations, (2) policy research and analysis, (3) local government management, (4) nonprofit organization management. Students may also select an individualized emphasis area in consultation with their advisor and with approval of the Director.

Prior to the completion of 15 hours in the MPPA program, students should identify an emphasis area. In each of the emphasis areas students may be able to substitute another course for a specified elective, with the MPPA Director’s approval. Specific requirements for each emphasis area are as follows:

1) Managing Human Resources and Organizations

a. Required (3 hours)
P P ADM 6490, Human Resources in the Public Sector

b. Electives (9 hours) chosen from:
ECON 5400, Labor Economics
MGMT 5611, Advanced Organizational Behavior and Administrative Processes
MGMT 5622, Union-Management Relations and Collective Bargaining
MGMT 5624, Organizational Training
MGMT 5625, Selected Topics in Human Resource Management
P P ADM 6500, Selected Topics in Public Policy Administration (when topic is relevant to Human Resource and Organized Behavior)
P P ADM 6680, Negotiating Workplace Conflict
P P ADM 6950, Internship 3 hours (in assignment relevant to emphasis area)
POL SCI 3470, Collective Bargaining

2) Policy Research and Analysis

a. Required (3 hours)
POL SCI 6402, Intermediate Techniques in Policy Research OR ECON 4100, Introduction to Econometrics

b. Electives (9 hours) chosen from:
POL SCI 6403, Advanced Techniques in Policy Research or ECON 4110, Applied Econometrics
ECON 4160, Geospatial Economic Analysis ECON 4170, Fundamentals of Cost-Benefit Analysis ECON 4500, Public Finance: State and Local ECON 4550, Natural Resource Economics ECON 5400, Labor Economics ECON 5640, Transportation Economics ECON 5700, Regional and Urban Economics ECON 5720, The Economics of Real Estate and Land Use Policy ECON 5750, The Political Economy of Healthcare ECON 5760, Health Economics ECON 5900, Advanced Topics in Economic Analysis POL SCI 6404, Multi-Method Research POL SCI 6414, Topics in Public Policy Analysis POL SCI 6422, Law, Courts, and Public Policy POL SCI 6444, Seminar in Public Policy and Aging POL SCI 6452, Public Policy of Conservation and Sustainable Development SOC 4040, Survey Research Practicum SOC WK/POL SCI 6443, Health Care Policy P P ADM 6950, Internship (in assignment relevant to the emphasis area)

3) Local Government Management

a. Required (6 hours)*
P P ADM 6340, Seminar in City Administration or P P ADM 6350, Seminar in Urban Management

AND EITHER

POL SCI 6470, Proseminar in Urban Politics or POL SCI 6471, Seminar in Urban Politics

b. Electives (6 hours) chosen from:
P P ADM 6300, Leadership and Management in Nonprofit Organizations
P P ADM 6680, Negotiating Workplace Conflict
P P ADM 6490, Human Resources in the Public Sector
P P ADM 6950, Internship (in assignment relevant to emphasis area)
ECON 4500, Public Finance: State and Local
ECON 5700, Regional and Urban Economics
POL SCI 4460, Urban Planning and Politics

* For Local Government Management specialization, a course not taken to fulfill the “required 6 hours” may be taken as an elective.

NOTE: Students interested in careers in local government management are strongly encouraged to take P P ADM 6490, Human Resources in the Public Sector, as one of their electives.

4) Nonprofit Organization Management and Leadership

a. Required (9 hours)
P P ADM 6300, Leadership and Management in Nonprofit Organizations
P P ADM 6310, American Philanthropy and Nonprofit Resource Development
P P ADM 6311, P P ADM 6312, P P ADM 6313, Staff Management Issues; Legal Issues; Financial Issues in Nonprofit Organizations

b. Electives (3 hours) chosen from:
ACCTNG 3451, Accounting for Governmental and Nonprofit Entities
BUS AD 5100, Managerial Communication
BUS AD 5900, Law, Ethics and Business
MKTG 5700, Contemporary Marketing Concepts
P P ADM 4990, Selected Topics in Nonprofit Management & Leadership
P P ADM 6490, Human Resources in the Public Sector
P P ADM 6501, Selected Topics in Nonprofit Management & Leadership
P P ADM 6550, Strategic and Program Planning for Nonprofit Organizations
P P ADM 6680, Negotiating Workplace Conflict
P P ADM 6950, Internship (in assignment relevant to the emphasis area)
PSYCH 7412, Social Psychology

Individualized Emphasis Area
Prior to the completion of 15 hours in the MPPA program, the student must present a proposal for 12 hours of specific coursework for approval by the MPPA faculty. The 12 hours must include P P ADM 6950, Internship (in an assignment relevant to the emphasis area) unless the student has significant public or nonprofit sector experience.

Internships
An internship is required for students without substantial experience in the public or nonprofit sectors. Interns may be placed in planning agencies, city managers' offices, administrative departments, or nonprofit agencies. Credit is granted after successful completion of the internship and a written paper at the end of the semester.

MPPA students currently employed in public agencies or nonprofit organizations can receive 3 hours of credit for internships with their employer. To do so, students must develop, in consultation with their advisors, special research projects outside the scope of their regular employment duties.

Students who have significant relevant experience in the public or nonprofit sector may request that the internship requirement be waived. To request a waiver, students must submit a written request outlining the student's professional or managerial field experience with appropriate documentation. Any request for a waiver from the internship requirement must be approved by the program director. Students who receive a waiver must take an additional 3 hours of electives in lieu of the internship.

BSPPA/MPPA 2+3 Program in Public Policy Administration

The BSPPA / MPPA 2+3 program is an accelerated program that allows outstanding BSPPA students to complete a baccalaureate degree and Master of Public Policy Administration (MPPA) degree in five years.  The program allows students to apply 12 of the MPPA credit hours towards the BS, reducing the overall required hours for the two degrees from the standard 160 – 120 for the BS plus 40 for the MPPA – to 148 hours.

Core Curriculum
All candidates for the MPPA degree must complete 28 hours in the core curriculum sequence composed of the following public policy administration courses:

Policy Analysis and Economics
P P ADM 6000, Introduction to Policy Analysis
P P ADM 6900, Cases in Public Policy Administration
P P ADM 6080, Microeconomics for Policy Analysis
P P ADM 6210, Public Sector Microeconomics

Public Administration and Budgeting
P P ADM 6400, Proseminar in Public Administration
P P ADM 6600, Organizational Behavior and Administrative Processes
P P ADM 6180, Governmental Budgeting and Financial Control

Statistics, Research Methods and Information Technology
P P ADM 6010, Introduction to Policy Research
P P ADM 6750, Introduction to Evaluation Research Methods
P P ADM 6850, Information Technology and the Public and Nonprofit Sectors

A thesis is not required to complete the program. However, writing is an important component of the degree, and students will complete written analyses as part of their coursework and/or internships.

Electives
Twelve credit hours are taken as electives based on a student’s interest.  The electives are organized into emphasis areas, listed above in the MPPA program. 

For each student in this program, the MPPA Director and the BSPPA Advisor in the Department of Political Science, will jointly identify and approve four MPPA courses (totaling 12 credits) that cover, at a more advanced level, undergraduate courses that would otherwise be taken for the BSPPA degree.  These courses will substitute for (and should not duplicate) BSPPA courses, and will count toward completion of both BSPPA and MPPA requirements.

Degree requirements remain the same for the two degrees, but students admitted into this accelerated program will be able to earn 12 graduate credits prior to completing their undergraduate degrees.  Upon completion of 120 credit hours (including all other undergraduate degree requirements) the BSPPA degree will be awarded.

Admission Requirements

BSPPA majors must have completed between 60 and 108 credit hours before applying for admission into this dual degree program.  It is recommended that applicants apply after completing 90 credit hours.  Applicants must have a minimum 3.0 overall GPA as well as a minimum 3.0 GPA in the major.  Applications will be submitted to the Master of Public Policy Administration program and decisions will be made by the director in consultation with the BSPPA advisor in the Department of Political Science. Applicants must demonstrate proficiency in college algebra or equivalent. The application must be accompanied by three letters of recommendation, including one from a current, full-time faculty member, and by a two to three page statement explaining how the BSPPA/MPPA program fits in with the applicant's educational and professional goals.

Graduate Certificate Program in Nonprofit Organization Management and Leadership (NPML)

Through the Public Policy Administration Program, the university offers the Graduate Certificate Program in Nonprofit Organization Management and Leadership for students who are current professional staff, board members, and other leaders of nonprofit and voluntary organizations, as well as those who plan to work in the field. UMSL’s NPML certificate is the only program in the St. Louis region recognized by the Nonprofit Academic Centers Council (NACC). The certificate can be taken by itself or in conjunction with the Master of Public Policy Administration or a graduate degree in another field. Course credits earned in the certificate program can be applied to the MPPA, but a separate application is required.

A. The graduate certificate in nonprofit management and leadership requires the completion of 18 credit hours. Nine of these are the following core courses:

1. P P ADM 6300, same as SOC WK 6300, Leadership and Management in Nonprofit Organizations (3 hours)

2. P P ADM 6310, same as SOC WK 6310, American Philanthropy and Nonprofit Resource Development (3 hours)

3. P P ADM 6311, same as SOC WK 6311, Staff Management Issues in Nonprofit Organizations (1 hour)

4. P P ADM 6312, same as SOC WK 6312, Legal Issues in Managing Nonprofit Organizations (1 hour)

5. P P ADM 6313, same as SOC WK 6313, Financial Issues in Managing Nonprofit Organizations (1 hour)

B. Six hours of electives are to be taken from approved courses in accounting, business administration, economics, management, marketing, political science, psychology, public policy administration, and sociology. A student may choose among these courses or other courses approved by the program director.

C. Three hours of internship are also required, or graduate students should demonstrate the equivalent professional field experience. Any request for an exemption from the internship requirement must be approved by the nonprofit program director after a review of the student’s professional or managerial field experience with appropriate documentation. Students who receive an exemption must take another 3 hours of electives from the selection in section B (below).

The internship will include learning activities in management and governance processes in nonprofit organizations, as well as a seminar in which students will critically reflect on their field experience with a faculty supervisor.

Requirements for admission to the graduate certificate program include an undergraduate degree and a GPA of 3.0 or better. Applicants must obtain two letters of recommendation. At least one of the letters must be from a current or former college-level instructor. The letters should be sent directly to the NPML office.

Graduate Certificate Program in Local Government Management

The Graduate Certificate in Local Government Management is designed for current professional staff, elected or non-elected local government officials, and those who are interested in pursuing a career in the local government sector. The certificate can be taken by itself or in conjunction with the Master of Public Policy Administration or other graduate degree. A separate application for the certificate program may be required when students in a degree program wish to incorporate the certificate program.

A. The graduate certificate in local government management requires the completion of 18 credit hours. Twelve of these are the following core courses:

1. P P ADM 6340, Seminar in City Administration or P P ADM 6350, Issues in Urban Management (3 hours) and

2. POL SCI 6470, Proseminar in Urban Politics or POL SCI 6471, Seminar in Urban Politics (3 hours) and

3. P P ADM 6490, Human Resources in the Public Sector (3 hours) and

4. P P ADM 6180, Government Budgeting and Financial Control (3 hours)

B. Three hours of electives are to be taken from selected courses in, business administration, criminal justice, economics, political science, public policy administration, and sociology. A student may choose among these courses or other courses approved by the program director. Electives will be chosen from the following:

CRIMIN 6442, Communities and Crime
ECON 4500, Public Finance: State and Local
ECON 5700, Regional and Urban Economics
ECON 5750, Political Economy of Healthcare
POL SCI 4460, Urban Planning and Politics
POL SCI 6433, Elections, Public Opinion, and Public Policy
POL SCI 6470, Proseminar in Urban Politics
POL SCI 6471, Seminar in Urban Politics
P P ADM 6300/SOC WK 6300, Leadership and Management of Nonprofit Organizations
P P ADM 6340, Seminar in City Administration
P P ADM 6350, Issues in Urban Management
P P ADM/POL SCI 6400, Proseminar in Public Policy Administration
P P ADM 6510, Urban and Regional Planning and Public Policy
P P ADM 6600, Organizational Behavior and Administrative Processes
P P ADM 6680/MGMT 5612, Negotiating Workplace Conflict
SOC 5430, Policy Mediation Processes

Other courses may be added as advisors deem appropriate for content.

C. Three hours of internship or equivalent professional experience are also required but may be waived. Any request for an exemption from the internship requirement must be approved by the local government program director after a review of the student’s professional or managerial field experience with appropriate documentation. Students who receive an exemption must take another three hours of electives from courses listed in section B (above). The internship will include learning activities in management and governance processes in local government jurisdictions, as well as a seminar in which students will critically reflect on their field experience with a faculty supervisor.

Requirements for admission to the graduate certificate program include an undergraduate degree and a GPA of 2.75 or better. Applicants must obtain two letters of recommendation. At least one of the letters must be from a current or former college-level instructor. Applicants must submit a s-page personal statement explaining how the certificate program fits in with the applicant's educational and professional goals. The letters and the statement should be sent directly to the PPA office.

Minimal requirements of admission to the graduate certificate program are the same as those required for admission to the Graduate School: an undergraduate degree, and a GPA of 2.75 or better.

Nonprofit Organization Management and Leadership Certificate (Undergraduate)

The university offers an undergraduate certificate program for students who want to become professional staff, board members, or other leaders of nonprofit and voluntary organizations, as well as those who are currently in the field.

The certificate requires the completion of 18 semester hours. Nine of these hours must be the following core courses:

P P ADM 4911, same as POL SCI 4911, or SOC WK 4911 (1 hour) Staff Management Issues in Nonprofit Organizations
P P ADM 4912, same as POL SCI 4912, or SOC WK 4912 (1 hour) Legal Issues in Managing Nonprofit Organizations
P P ADM 4913, same as POL SCI 4913, or SOC WK 4913 (1 hour) Financial Issues in Managing Nonprofit Organizations
P P ADM 4940, same as SOC 4940 or SOC WK 4940 (3 hours) Leadership and Management in Nonprofit Organizations
P P ADM 4960, same as POL SCI 4960, or SOC WK 4960 (1 hour)American Philanthropy and Nonprofit Resource Development
The remaining 9 hours of electives can be selected from the following courses:
 
Communication
COMM 2230, Small Group Communication
COMM 2231, Communication in the Organization
COMM 2240, Persuasive Communication
COMM 3358, Communication in Public Relations

English
ENGL 3120, Business Writing
ENGL 3130, Advanced Business and Technical Writing
ENGL 3280, Public Relations Writing (Same as MEDIA ST 2228)

Management
MGMT 3600, Management and Organizational Behavior
MGMT 3611, Advanced Management and Organizational Behavior
MGMT 3621, Human Resource Management

Marketing
MKTG 3700, Basic Marketing

Media Studies
MEDIA ST 2228,
Public Relations Writing (Same as ENGL 3280)

Political Science
POL SCI 3420, Public Personnel Management
POL SCI 3440, Public Budgeting

Psychology
PSYCH 2222, Group Processes in Organization
PSYCH 3320, Personnel Assessment

Social Work
SOC WK 4300,
Intervention Strategies for Social Work with Organizations and Communities

Sociology
SOC 4312, Sociology of Wealth and Poverty
SOC 4336, Organizations and Environments

Career Outlook

The current outlook for graduates of the interdisciplinary Master of Public Policy Administration Program is quite promising. Recent graduates of this program have found careers as budget analysts, transportation planners, and human resources managers with local, regional, state, and federal agencies, and the nonprofit sector.

Course Descriptions

P P ADM 4911 Staff Management Issues in Nonprofit Organizations (1)
Same as POL SCI 4911 and SOC WK 4911. Prerequisite: Junior Standing. This course addresses issues involved in managing staff in nonprofit organizations. The course will cover the following topics: fundamentals of staff supervision; balancing supervisory processes with counseling and coaching; selecting, hiring, evaluating, and terminating staff; legal issues that affect these processes.

P P ADM 4912 Legal Issues in Managing Nonprofit Organizations (1)
Same as POL SCI 4912 and SOC WK 4912. Prerequisite: Junior standing. This course addresses legal issues involved in managing and governing nonprofit organizations. The course will cover the following topics: The Board as steward of the organization; Director and officer liability; tax laws concerning charitable giving; legal issues in managing staff and volunteers (e.g., hiring, evaluating, and terminating employees); Missouri nonprofit law.

P P ADM 4913 Financial Issues in Managing Nonprofit Organizations (1)
Same as POL SCI 4913 and SOC WK 4913. Prerequisite: Junior standing. This course addresses financial issues involved in governing and managing nonprofit organizations. The course will cover the following topics: Cash flow analysis; budgeting; fund accounting; cost accounting (determining costs for programs and services); understanding and using standard financial statements, including balance sheets, cash flow statements, statements of activity, and operating and capital budgets.

P P ADM 4940 Leadership and Management in Nonprofit Organizations (3)
Same as POL SCI 4940, SOC WK 4940, and SOC 4940. Prerequisite: Junior standing. Addresses the role and scope of the independent sector in the United States, as well as the leadership and management of nonprofit organizations within that sector. Topics include the economic and political scope of the independent sector, the role of volunteerism in a democratic society, and the role and scope of philanthropy. Topics in voluntary organization management and leadership include the dynamics, functions and membership structure of NPOs, especially staff-board and other volunteer relations; governance and management of NPOs; resource mobilization; and program development management and evaluation.

P P ADM 4960 American Philanthropy and Nonprofit Resources Development (3)
Same as POL SCI 4960 and SOC WK 4960. Prerequisite: Junior standing or consent of instructor. This course addresses the history, philosophy, roles and scope of philanthropy in the United States, including its role in the nonprofit, voluntary sector. It further examines the contemporary forces which impact philanthropy and charitable giving, both by institutions and individuals. The course examines the effective planning and management of development programs (e.g., annual giving), fund raising vehicles (e.g., mail solicitations) and the fund raising process, form planning through donor relations.

P P ADM 4990 Selected Topics in Nonprofit Management and Leadership (3)
Prerequisites: Junior standing. Permission of instructor may be required. A seminar of selected issues and methods relating to nonprofit management and leadership. May be repeated for credit, provided the subject matter is different.

P P ADM 6000 Introduction to Policy Analysis (3)
Same as POL SCI 6410. Systematic development of a critical/analytic base for dealing with public policy.

P P ADM 6010 Introduction to Policy Research (3)
Same as POL SCI 6401. Procedures for testing explanations, including research design, principles of measurement, probability sampling, methods of data collection, and techniques for analyzing data.

P P ADM 6080 Microeconomics for Policy Analysis (3)
Same as ECON 5010. Prerequisite: Graduate student standing. This course introduces microeconomic analysis of consumers, firms, and government, with an emphasis on policy applications. It assumes no prior training in economics and is appropriate for graduate students in public policy administration, nonprofit management, political science, gerontology, criminology and criminal justice, and other related fields.

P P ADM 6150 Directed Reading and Research in Public Policy (1-10)
Same as POL SCI 6415. Prerequisite: Consent of Instructor. Independent study through readings, reports, research projects, and conferences. May be repeated for credit, provided the subject matter is different.

P P ADM 6180 Governmental Budgeting and Financial Control (3)
Same as BUS AD 5450. Prerequisite: BUS AD 5400. A study of municipal and federal financial control and budgeting procedures with emphasis on public policy. The impact of financial control on top management decisions and the effect of budget strategies on the allocations of public funds.

P P ADM 6210 Public Sector Microeconomics (3)
Same as ECON 5500. Prerequisites: ECON 3001, BUS AD 5001, or P P ADM 6080. Application of tools of intermediate microeconomics to address public sector issues. Special emphasis is placed on critically analyzing current public policy debates using the models developed. Topics covered include: cases in which competitive market fails to allocate resources efficiently (e.g., externalities and public goods), importance of property rights, incentive effects of the tax and transfer system, and the fundamentals of cost-benefit analysis.

P P ADM 6300 Leadership and Management in Nonprofit Organizations (3)
Same as SOC WK 6300. Prerequisite: Graduate standing required. Addresses the role and scope of the independent sector in the United States, as well as the leadership and management of nonprofit organizations within that sector. Topics include the economic and political scope of the independent sector, the role of volunteerism in a democratic society, and the role and scope of philanthropy. Topics in voluntary organization management and leadership include the dynamics, functions and membership structure of NPOs, especially staff-board and other volunteer relations; governance and management of NPOs; resource mobilization; and program development management and evaluation.

P P ADM 6310 American Philanthropy and Nonprofit Resources Development
Same as SOC WK 6310. Prerequisite: Graduate standing required. This course addresses the history, philosophy, roles and scope of philanthropy in the United States, including its role in the nonprofit, voluntary sector. It further examines the contemporary forces which impact philanthropy and charitable giving, both by institutions and individuals. The course examines the effective planning and management of development programs (e.g., annual giving), fund raising vehicles (e.g., mail solicitations) and the fund raising process, form planning through donor relations.

P P ADM 6311 Staff Management Issues in Nonprofit Organizations (1)
Same as SOC WK 6311. Prerequisite: Graduate standing required. This course addresses issues involved in managing staff in nonprofit organizations. The course will cover the following topics: fundamentals of staff supervision; balancing supervisory processes with counseling and coaching; selecting, hiring, evaluating, and terminating staff; legal issues that affect these processes.

P P ADM 6312 Legal Issues in Managing Nonprofit Organizations (1)
Same as SOC WK 6312. Prerequisite: Graduate standing required. This course addresses legal issues involved in managing and governing nonprofit organizations. The course will cover the following topics: The Board as steward of the organization; Director and officer liability; tax laws concerning charitable giving; legal issues in managing staff and volunteers (e.g., hiring, evaluating, and terminating employees); Missouri nonprofit law.
 
P P ADM 6313 Financial Issues in Managing Nonprofit Organizations (1)
Same as SOC WK 6313. Prerequisite: Graduate standing required.  This course addresses financial issues involved in governing and managing nonprofit organizations. The course will cover the following topics: Cash flow analysis; budgeting; fund accounting; cost accounting (determining costs for programs and services); understanding and using standard financial statements, including balance sheets, cash flow statements, statements of activity, and operating and capital budgets.

P P ADM 6340 Seminar in City Administration (3)
This course provides an overview of the working environment of a city administrator and is jointly sponsored by the local city managers association. Professional city personnel make presentations to the students on six major topics: political structure, organizational structure, service delivery, finance, personnel policies and practices, and leadership. The course provides direct observation of city council meetings, visits to various city facilities, exposure to different philosophies and styles of city management, and provides students a chance to assemble facts, evaluate options, and present policy recommendations for real problems that local administrators face.

P P ADM 6350 Issues in Urban Management (3)
Designed to evaluate management issues that confront managers in local government from a political perspective. The format will include an intense review and discussion of original case studies from actual local government situations. The specific focus of this course will vary. Course may be repeated.

P P ADM 6400 Proseminar in Public Administration (3)
Same as POL SCI 6440. Examination of major approaches to analyzing public policies and their administration. Emphasis is on the effects of administrative organization and procedures on policy decisions and their impacts. Specific topics may include administrative accountability, intergovernmental relations, public/private interaction, implementation processes, bureaucratic expertise, the legal environment of public policy administration, and public service and merit issues.

P P ADM 6430 Health Care Policy (3)
Same as GERON 6443, POL SCI 6443, SOC 6443, and SOC WK 6443. (MSW students will normally take the social policy foundation course prior to enrolling in this course). Prerequisites: Graduate standing and consent of instructor. Survey course examining current issues in health policy that face the nation. Policies are placed in a historical context to show how issues have been influenced by different political and economic conditions. Secondary consequences and limitations of current trends in health policy are explored.

P P ADM 6444 Seminar in Public Policy and Aging (3)
Same as GERON 6444, POL SCI 6444, and SOC 6444. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. The study of specialized issues and methods related to federal, state, and local policies that affect the elderly. Potential policy areas to be covered include housing, taxation, mental health, transportation, etc. May be repeated for credit, provided the subject matter is different.

P P ADM 6460 Selected Topics in Health Care Policy (3)
Same as POL SCI 6446 and SOC 6446. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. The study of specialized issues and methods relating to health care policy. May be repeated for credit, provided the subject matter is different.

P P ADM 6490 Human Resources in the Public Sector (3)
Same as POL SCI 6449 and SOC WK 6449. Prerequisite: P P ADM 6600 or consent of instructor. Presents an overview of personnel and labor relations in the public sector. Particular emphasis placed on issues which are unique to the public sector, such as the merit system, the questions of representative bureaucracy and the constraints of personnel in the nonprofit sector. The topics include personnel reforms in the federal sector, equal employment and affirmative action policies, testing, selection, hiring, comparable worth, job evaluation, and labor relations including grievance arbitration and collective bargaining.

P P ADM 6500 Selected Topics in Public Policy Administration (3)
Prerequisites: Graduate standing. Permission of instructor may be required. A seminar of selected issues and methods relating to public policy administration. May be repeated for credit, provided the subject matter is different.

P P ADM 6501 Selected Topics in Nonprofit Management and Leadership (3)
Prerequisites: Graduate standing. Permission of instructor may be required. A seminar of selected issues and methods relating to nonprofit management and leadership. May be repeated for credit, provided the subject matter is different.

P P ADM 6510 Urban and Regional Planning and Public Policy (3)
Prerequisite: Graduate standing or consent of instructor. Focuses on the interdependent processes of urbanization and public policy.  Students will acquire an understanding of urban planning and public policy in North America.

P P ADM 6550 Strategic and Program Planning for Nonprofit Organizations (3)
Same as POL SCI 6490 and SOC WK 6491. Prerequisite: Graduate standing or consent of instructor. Strategic and program planning enable an organization to concentrate on efforts and set priorities guided by a mission, vision, and an understanding of its environment. Focus is on preparing a strategic plan and a program plan for a nonprofit organization and analyzing an organization's ability to deliver goods and/or services to its constituents in today's economic, social and political climate.

P P ADM 6600 Organizational Behavior and Administrative Processes (3)
Same as MGMT 5600. The theoretical and research contribution of the behavioral sciences to management and administration are examined and applied to selected organizational situations. Areas to be considered from the standpoint of both individual and organizational performance are communication, motivation, conflict, decision making, goal setting, leadership, organizational design, climate, development, and control. Utilizing a systems perspective, the course attempts to develop in each student an ability to analyze and solve organizational problems.

P P ADM 6680 Negotiating Workplace Conflict (3)
Same as MGMT 5612. Prerequisites: P P ADM/MGMT 5600, and Graduate Standing. Examines conflict and cooperation between individuals, groups, and organizations over the control of work. A central theme is how this conflict is expressed, controlled, and resolved. Students will participate in exercises to learn the basics of two-party negotiations.

P P ADM 6750 Introduction to Evaluation Research Methods (3)
Same as SOC 5475. Prerequisites: At least one course in Research Design and Statistics at the graduate level. A comparative study of research strategies with regard to data sources, data collection, and modes of analysis that are appropriate for program evaluation research. Attention is given to observational, survey, and quasi‑experimental designs.

P P ADM 6800 Management Information Systems (3)
Same as INFSYS 5800. This course provides an overview of the established and contemporary issues related to information systems within organizations. Topics include the practices and tools associated with topics such as the management of IS-based investment projects, the design and implementation of IS, the alignment of IS strategy with organizational strategy, information security and privacy, and gaining a competitive advantage through IS.

P P ADM 6850 Information Technology and the Public and Nonprofit Sectors (1)
Prerequisite: Graduate standing. This course addresses information technology in the public sector from a managerial perspective. Course goals include an increase in student’s knowledge and understanding of basic hardware, software, data, and information management issues from a managerial perspective. These topics include, but are not limited to: web portal design, geographic information systems, database management, e-government, strategic design, and the use of information technology to address public policy questions.

P P ADM 6900 Cases in Public Policy Administration (3)
Prerequisites: 24 hours of public policy administration courses, at least 15 of which are in core courses. This capstone course intensively analyzes public policy administration cases drawn from a variety of issues and settings.

P P ADM 6950 Internship (3)
Independent study involving work with an appropriate public, private, or nonprofit agency.